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The Forms service can calculate the values that a user enters into a form and display the results. To calculate form data, you must perform two tasks. First, you create a form design script that calculates form data. A form design supports three types of scripts. One script type runs on the client, another runs on the server, and the third type runs on both the server and the client. The script type discussed in this topic runs on the server. Server-side calculations are supported for HTML, PDF, and form Guide (deprecated) transformations.

As part of the form design process, you can make use of calculations and scripts to provide a richer user experience. Calculations and scripts can be added to most form fields and objects. You must create a form design script to perform calculation operations on data that a user enters into an interactive form.

The user enters values into the form and clicks the Calculate button to view the results. The following process describes an example application that enables a user to calculate data:

  • The user accesses an HTML page named StartLoan.html that acts as the web application’s start page. This page invokes a Java Servlet named GetLoanForm.

  • The GetLoanForm servlet renders a loan form. This form contains a script, interactive fields, a calculate button, and a submit button.

  • The user enters values into the form’s fields and clicks the Calculate button. The form is sent to the CalculateData Java Servlet where the script is executed. The form is sent back to the user with the calculation results displayed in the form.

  • The user continues entering and calculating values until a satisfactory result is displayed. When satisfied, the user clicks the Submit button to process the form. The form is sent to another Java Servlet named ProcessForm that is responsible for retrieving submitted data. (See Handling Submitted Forms.)

The following diagram shows the application’s logic flow.

cf_cf_FinSrv_LoanCalcApp_v1

The following table describes the steps in this diagram.

Step

Description

1

The GetLoanForm Java Servlet is invoked from the HTML start page.

2

The GetLoanForm Java Servlet uses the Forms service Client API to render the loan form to the client web browser. The difference between rendering a form that contains a script configured to run on the server and rendering a form that does not contain a script is that you must specify the target location used to execute the script. If a target location is not specified, a script that is configured to run on the server is not executed. For example, consider the application introduced in this section. The CalculateData Java Servlet is the target location where the script is executed.

3

The user enters data into interactive fields and clicks the Calculate button. The form is sent to the CalculateData Java Servlet, where the script is executed.

4

The form is rendered back to the web browser with the calculation results displayed in the form.

5

The user clicks the Submit button when the values are satisfactory. The form is sent to another Java Servlet named ProcessForm.

Typically, a form that is submitted as PDF content contains scripts that are executed on the client. However, server-side calculations can also be executed. A Submit button cannot be used to calculate scripts. In this situation, calculations are not executed because the Forms service considers the interaction to be complete.

To illustrate the usage of a form design script, this section examines a simple interactive form that contains a script that is configured to run on the server. The following diagram shows a form design containing a script that adds values that a user enters into the first two fields and displays the result in the third field.

cf_cf_CalData
A. A field named NumericField1 B. A field named NumericField2 C. A field named NumericField3 

The syntax of the script located in this form design is as follows:

     NumericField3 = NumericField2 + NumericField1

In this form design, the Calculate button is a command button, and the script is located in this button’s Click event. When a user enters values into the first two fields (NumericField1 and NumericField2) and clicks the Calculate button, the form is sent to the Forms service, where the script is executed. The Forms service renders the form back to the client device with the results of the calculation displayed in the NumericField3 field.

Note:

For information about creating a form design script, see Forms Designer.

Note:

For more information about the Forms service, see Services Reference for AEM Forms.

Summary of steps

To calculate form data, perform the following tasks:

  1. Include project files.

  2. Create a Forms Client API object.

  3. Retrieve a form containing a calculation script.

  4. Write the form data stream back to the client web browser

Include project files

Include necessary files into your development project. If you are creating a client application using Java, include the necessary JAR files. If you are using web services, ensure that you include the proxy files.

Create a Forms Client API object

Before you can programmatically perform a Forms service Client API operation, you must create a Forms service client. If you are using the Java API, create a FormsServiceClient object. If you are using the Forms web service API, create a FormsServiceService object.

Retrieve a form containing a calculation script

You use the Forms service Client API to create application logic that handles a form that contains a script configured to run on the server. The process is similar to handling a submitted form. (See Handling Submitted Forms.)

Verify that the processing state associated with the submitted form is 1(Calculate), which means that the Forms service is performing a calculation operation on the form data and the results must be written back to the user. In this situation, a script configured to run on the server is automatically executed.

Write the form data stream back to the client web browser

After you verify the processing state associated with a submitted form is 1, you must write the results back to the client web browser. When the form is displayed, the calculated value will appear in the appropriate field(s).

See also

Calculate form data using the Java API

Calculate form data using the web service API

Including AEM Forms Java library files

Setting connection properties

Forms Service API Quick Starts

Rendering Interactive PDF Forms

Rendering Forms as HTML

Creating Web Applications that Renders Forms

Calculate form data using the Java API

Calculate form data by using the Forms API (Java):

  1. Include project files

    Include client JAR files, such as adobe-forms-client.jar in your Java project’s class path.

  2. Create a Forms Client API object

    • Create a ServiceClientFactory object that contains connection properties.

    • Create an FormsServiceClient object by using its constructor and passing the ServiceClientFactory object.

  3. Retrieve a form containing a calculation script

    • To retrieve form data that contains a calculation script, create a com.adobe.idp.Document object by using its constructor and invoking the javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse object’s getInputStream method from within the constructor.

    • Invoke the FormsServiceClient object’s processFormSubmission method and pass the following values:

      • The com.adobe.idp.Document object that contains the form data.

      • A string value that specifies environment variables including all relevant HTTP headers. You must specify the content type to handle by specifying one or more values for the CONTENT_TYPE environment variable. For example, to handle XML and PDF data, specify the following string value for this parameter: CONTENT_TYPE=application/xml&CONTENT_TYPE=application/pdf

      • A string value that specifies the HTTP_USER_AGENT header value; for example, Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1; .NET CLR 1.1.4322).

      • A RenderOptionsSpec object that stores run-time options.

      The processFormSubmission method returns a FormsResult object containing the results of the form submission.

    • Verify that the processing state associated with a submitted form is 1 by invoking the FormsResult object’s getAction method. If this method returns the value 1, the calculation was performed and the data can be written back to the client web browser.

  4. Write the form data stream back to the client web browser

    • Create a javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream object used to send a form data stream to the client web browser.

    • Create a com.adobe.idp.Document object by invoking the FormsResult object ‘s getOutputContent method.

    • Create a java.io.InputStream object by invoking the com.adobe.idp.Document object’s getInputStream method.

    • Create a byte array and populate it with the form data stream by invoking the InputStream object’s read method and passing the byte array as an argument.

    • Invoke the javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream object’s write method to send the form data stream to the client web browser. Pass the byte array to the write method.

See also

Calculate form data using the web service API

Calculate form data by using the Forms API (web service):

  1. Include project files

    • Create Java proxy classes that consume the Forms service WSDL.

    • Include the Java proxy classes into your class path.

  2. Create a Forms Client API object

    Create a FormsService object and set authentication values.

  3. Retrieve a form containing a calculation script

    • To retrieve form data that was posted to a Java Servlet, create a BLOB object by using its constructor.

    • Create a java.io.InputStream object by using the javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse object’s getInputStream method.

    • Create a java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream object by using its constructor and passing the length of the java.io.InputStream object.

    • Copy the contents of the java.io.InputStream object into the java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream object.

    • Create a byte array by invoking the java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream object’s toByteArray method.

    • Populate the BLOB object by invoking its setBinaryData method and passing the byte array as an argument.

    • Create a RenderOptionsSpec object by using its constructor. Set the locale value by invoking the RenderOptionsSpec object’s setLocale method and passing a string value that specifies the locale value.

    • Invoke the FormsServiceClient object’s processFormSubmission method and pass the following values:

      • The BLOB object that contains the form data.

      • A string value that specifies environment variables included all relevant HTTP headers. For example, you can specify the following string value: HTTP_REFERER=referrer&HTTP_CONNECTION=keep-alive&CONTENT_TYPE=application/xml

      • A string value that specifies the HTTP_USER_AGENT header value; for example, Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1; .NET CLR 1.1.4322).

      • A RenderOptionsSpec object that stores run-time options. For more information, .

      • An empty BLOBHolder object that is populated by the method.

      • An empty javax.xml.rpc.holders.StringHolder object that is populated by the method.

      • An empty BLOBHolder object that is populated by the method.

      • An empty BLOBHolder object that is populated by the method.

      • An empty javax.xml.rpc.holders.ShortHolder object that is populated by the method.

      • An empty MyArrayOf_xsd_anyTypeHolder object that is populated by the method. This parameter is used to store file attachments that are submitted along with the form.

      • An empty FormsResultHolder object that is populated by the method with the form that is submitted.

      The processFormSubmission method populates the FormsResultHolder parameter with the results of the form submission. The processFormSubmission method returns a FormsResult object containing the results of the form submission.

    • Verify that the processing state associated with a submitted form is 1 by invoking the FormsResult object’s getAction method. If this method returns the value 1, the calculation was performed and the data can be written back to the client web browser.

  4. Write the form data stream back to the client web browser

    • Create a javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream object used to send a form data stream to the client web browser.

    • Create a BLOB object that contains form data by invoking the FormsResult object’s getOutputContent method.

    • Create a byte array and populate it by invoking the BLOB object’s getBinaryData method. This task assigns the content of the FormsResult object to the byte array.

    • Invoke the javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse object’s write method to send the form data stream to the client web browser. Pass the byte array to the write method.

See also

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