Article summary

Summary

Discusses how to create a Java Sling Servlet using Apache Java APIs.  In addition, discusses how to bind the servlet to a page by using ResourceType binding. 

This article uses an Adobe Maven Archetype project to build an OSGi bundle. If you are not familiar with an Adobe Maven Archetype project, it is recommended that you read the following article: Creating your first AEM Service using an Adobe Maven Archetype project.

A special thank you to Ratna Kumar Kotla, a member of the AEM community for testing this article and ensuring it works. 

Digital Marketing Solution(s) Adobe Experience Manager (Adobe CQ)
Audience
Developer (beginner - intermediate)
Required Skills
Java, Maven, HTML
Version Adobe Experience Manager 6.x
Video https://youtu.be/ABEmXz2VLUE

Note:

You can download an AEM package that contains code and the OSGi bundle that are used in this article. Download the package and deploy using package manager. The purpose of this code is to show the community these concepts in action. That is, it's to illustrate how to write an AEM Sling Servlet and bind it to an AEM resouce using ResourceType binding. This community code is for teaching purposes only and not meant to go into production as is.

You can view the application by using the following URL: http://localhost:4502/content/submitPage.groups.html (assuming you deploy on author). 

Download

Introduction

You can create an Adobe Experience Manager sling servlet and bind it to an AEM resource type. That is, you can use a sling.servlet.resourceTypes value to register the sling servlet. In this article, a sling servlet is attached to a page using a sling:resourceType property that belongs to a page node. For information about Sling Servlets, see Servlets and Scripts.    

Note:

You can also use a sling.servlet.paths property to use an AEM sling servlet. For information, see Submitting Experience Manager form data to custom Sling Servlets

Client

To bind a sling servlet to an AEM resouce type, you use a @SlingServlet annotation, as shown in the following example.

SlingServlet(methods = {"GET"},
metatype = true,
resourceTypes = {"services/powerproxy"},
selectors = {"groups"})
public class HandleClaim extends org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingAllMethodsServlet {

Notice that this servlet is configured as a servlet GET operation. The resourceTypes property can be a single string value or a string array that lists the resoucetype(s) applicable for this servlet. In addition, the selector is the sling selector that is specified in the URL to invoke the servlet (this is shown in this development article).

Note:

If you deploy the package that is shown at the start of this artilce, you can skip these steps and read the article to understand the concepts. 

Create an AEM application folder structure

Create an AEM application folder structure that contains templates, components, and pages by using CRXDE Lite. 

CQAppSetup

The following describes each application folder:

  • application name: contains all of the resources that an application uses. The resources can be templates, pages, components, and so on. 
  • components: contains components that your application uses. 
  • page: contains page components. A page component is a script such as a JSP file.
    global: contains global components that your application uses.
  • template: contains templates on which you base page components. 
  • src: contains source code that comprises an OSGi component (this development article does not create an OSGi bundle using this folder). 
  • install: contains a compiled OSGi bundles container.

To create an application folder structure:

  1. To view the AEM welcome page, enter the URL http://[host name]:[port] into a web browser. For example, http://localhost:4502.
  2. Select CRXDE Lite.
  3. Right-click the apps folder (or the parent folder), select Create, Create Folder.
  4. Enter the folder name into the Create Folder dialog box. Enter SlingServletResourceType
  5. Repeat steps 1-4 for each folder specified in the previous illustration. 
  6. Click the Save All button.

 

Note:

You have to click the Save All button when working in CRXDELite for the changes to be made.

Create a template 

You can create a template by using CRXDE Lite. A CQ template enables you to define a consistent style for the pages in your application. A template comprises of nodes that specify the page structure. For more information about templates, see Templates.

To create a template, perform these tasks:
1. To view the CQ welcome page, enter the URL http://[host name]:[port] into a web browser. For example, http://localhost:4502.
2. Select CRXDE Lite.
3. Right-click the template folder (within your application), select Create, Create
Template.
4. Enter the following information into the Create Template dialog box:

  • Label: The name of the template to create. Enter slingRTemplate
  • Title: The title that is assigned to the template.
  • Description: The description that is assigned to the template.
  • Resource Type: The component's path that is assigned to the template and copied to implementing pages. Enter slingSevletResourceType/components/page/slingRTemplate.
  • Ranking: The order (ascending) in which this template will appear in relation to other templates. Setting this value to 1 ensures that the template appears first in the list.

5. Add a path to Allowed Paths. Click on the plus sign and enter the following value: /content(/.*)?.
6. Click Next for Allowed Parents.
7. Select OK on Allowed Children.
 

Create a render component that uses the template

Components are re-usable modules that implement specific application logic to render the content of your web site. You can think of a component as a collection of scripts (for example, JSPs, Java servlets, and so on) that completely realize a specific function. In order to realize this functionality, it is your responsibility as a CQ developer to create scripts that perform specific functionality. For more information about components, see Components.

By default, a component has at least one default script, identical to the name of the component. To create a render component, perform these tasks:

1. To view the CQ welcome page, enter the URL http://[host name]:[port] into a web browser. For example, http://localhost:4502.

2. Select CRXDE Lite.

3. Right-click /apps/slingSevletApp/components/page, then select
Create, Create Component.

4. Enter the following information into the Create Component dialog box:

  • Label: The name of the component to create. Enter slingRTemplate. 
  • Title: The title that is assigned to the component.
  • Description: The description that is assigned to the template.
  • Super Type:foundation/components/page (in AEM 6, you specify this value for page components. In previous versions of AEM, this was not required.)

5. Select Next for Advanced Component Settings and Allowed Parents.

6. Select OK on Allowed Children.

7. Open the slingRTemplate.jsp located at:/apps/SlingServletResourceType/components/page/slingRTemplate/slingRTemplate.jsp.

8. Enter the following JSP code.

<html>
<head>
<title>Hello World !!!</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Hello Sling Servlet!!!</h1>
<h2>This page will bind to a Sling Servlet based on a ResourceType</h2>
</body>
</html>

Setup Maven in your development environment

You can use Maven to build an OSGi bundle that contains a Sling Servlet. Maven manages required JAR files that a Java project needs in its class path. Instead of searching the Internet trying to find and download third-party JAR files to include in your project’s class path, Maven manages these dependencies for you.

You can download Maven 3 from the following URL:

http://maven.apache.org/download.html

After you download and extract Maven, create an environment variable named M3_HOME. Assign the Maven install location to this environment variable. For example:

C:\Programs\Apache\apache-maven-3.0.4

Set up a system environment variable to reference Maven. To test whether you properly setup Maven, enter the following Maven command into a command prompt:

%M3_HOME%\bin\mvn -version

This command provides Maven and Java install details and resembles the following message:

Java home: C:\Programs\Java64-6\jre
Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: Cp1252
OS name: "windows 7", version: "6.1", arch: "amd64", family: "windows"

Note:

It is recommended that you use Maven 3.0.3 or greater. For more information about setting up Maven and the Home variable, see: Maven in 5 Minutes.

Next, copy the Maven configuration file named settings.xml from [install location]\apache-maven-3.0.4\conf\ to your user profile. For example, C:\Users\scottm\.m2\.

You have to configure your settings.xml file to use Adobe’s public repository. For information, see Adobe Public Maven Repository at http://repo.adobe.com/.

The following XML code represents a settings.xml file that you can use.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!--
Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
distributed with this work for additional information
regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
"License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at

    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
software distributed under the License is distributed on an
"AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
specific language governing permissions and limitations
under the License.
-->

<!--
 | This is the configuration file for Maven. It can be specified at two levels:
 |
 |  1. User Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for a single user, 
 |                 and is normally provided in ${user.home}/.m2/settings.xml.
 |
 |                 NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:
 |
 |                 -s /path/to/user/settings.xml
 |
 |  2. Global Level. This settings.xml file provides configuration for all Maven
 |                 users on a machine (assuming they're all using the same Maven
 |                 installation). It's normally provided in 
 |                 ${maven.home}/conf/settings.xml.
 |
 |                 NOTE: This location can be overridden with the CLI option:
 |
 |                 -gs /path/to/global/settings.xml
 |
 | The sections in this sample file are intended to give you a running start at
 | getting the most out of your Maven installation. Where appropriate, the default
 | values (values used when the setting is not specified) are provided.
 |
 |-->
<settings xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0" 
          xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
          xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/SETTINGS/1.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/settings-1.0.0.xsd">
  <!-- localRepository
   | The path to the local repository maven will use to store artifacts.
   |
   | Default: ~/.m2/repository
  <localRepository>/path/to/local/repo</localRepository>
  -->

  <!-- interactiveMode
   | This will determine whether maven prompts you when it needs input. If set to false,
   | maven will use a sensible default value, perhaps based on some other setting, for
   | the parameter in question.
   |
   | Default: true
  <interactiveMode>true</interactiveMode>
  -->

  <!-- offline
   | Determines whether maven should attempt to connect to the network when executing a build.
   | This will have an effect on artifact downloads, artifact deployment, and others.
   |
   | Default: false
  <offline>false</offline>
  -->

  <!-- pluginGroups
   | This is a list of additional group identifiers that will be searched when resolving plugins by their prefix, i.e.
   | when invoking a command line like "mvn prefix:goal". Maven will automatically add the group identifiers
   | "org.apache.maven.plugins" and "org.codehaus.mojo" if these are not already contained in the list.
   |-->
  <pluginGroups>
    <!-- pluginGroup
     | Specifies a further group identifier to use for plugin lookup.
    <pluginGroup>com.your.plugins</pluginGroup>
    -->
  </pluginGroups>

  <!-- proxies
   | This is a list of proxies which can be used on this machine to connect to the network.
   | Unless otherwise specified (by system property or command-line switch), the first proxy
   | specification in this list marked as active will be used.
   |-->
  <proxies>
    <!-- proxy
     | Specification for one proxy, to be used in connecting to the network.
     |
    <proxy>
      <id>optional</id>
      <active>true</active>
      <protocol>http</protocol>
      <username>proxyuser</username>
      <password>proxypass</password>
      <host>proxy.host.net</host>
      <port>80</port>
      <nonProxyHosts>local.net|some.host.com</nonProxyHosts>
    </proxy>
    -->
  </proxies>

  <!-- servers
   | This is a list of authentication profiles, keyed by the server-id used within the system.
   | Authentication profiles can be used whenever maven must make a connection to a remote server.
   |-->
  <servers>
    <!-- server
     | Specifies the authentication information to use when connecting to a particular server, identified by
     | a unique name within the system (referred to by the 'id' attribute below).
     | 
     | NOTE: You should either specify username/password OR privateKey/passphrase, since these pairings are 
     |       used together.
     |
    <server>
      <id>deploymentRepo</id>
      <username>repouser</username>
      <password>repopwd</password>
    </server>
    -->
    
    <!-- Another sample, using keys to authenticate.
    <server>
      <id>siteServer</id>
      <privateKey>/path/to/private/key</privateKey>
      <passphrase>optional; leave empty if not used.</passphrase>
    </server>
    -->
  </servers>

  <!-- mirrors
   | This is a list of mirrors to be used in downloading artifacts from remote repositories.
   | 
   | It works like this: a POM may declare a repository to use in resolving certain artifacts.
   | However, this repository may have problems with heavy traffic at times, so people have mirrored
   | it to several places.
   |
   | That repository definition will have a unique id, so we can create a mirror reference for that
   | repository, to be used as an alternate download site. The mirror site will be the preferred 
   | server for that repository.
   |-->
  <mirrors>
    <!-- mirror
     | Specifies a repository mirror site to use instead of a given repository. The repository that
     | this mirror serves has an ID that matches the mirrorOf element of this mirror. IDs are used
     | for inheritance and direct lookup purposes, and must be unique across the set of mirrors.
     |
    <mirror>
      <id>mirrorId</id>
      <mirrorOf>repositoryId</mirrorOf>
      <name>Human Readable Name for this Mirror.</name>
      <url>http://my.repository.com/repo/path</url>
    </mirror>
     -->
  </mirrors>
  
  <!-- profiles
   | This is a list of profiles which can be activated in a variety of ways, and which can modify
   | the build process. Profiles provided in the settings.xml are intended to provide local machine-
   | specific paths and repository locations which allow the build to work in the local environment.
   |
   | For example, if you have an integration testing plugin - like cactus - that needs to know where
   | your Tomcat instance is installed, you can provide a variable here such that the variable is 
   | dereferenced during the build process to configure the cactus plugin.
   |
   | As noted above, profiles can be activated in a variety of ways. One way - the activeProfiles
   | section of this document (settings.xml) - will be discussed later. Another way essentially
   | relies on the detection of a system property, either matching a particular value for the property,
   | or merely testing its existence. Profiles can also be activated by JDK version prefix, where a 
   | value of '1.4' might activate a profile when the build is executed on a JDK version of '1.4.2_07'.
   | Finally, the list of active profiles can be specified directly from the command line.
   |
   | NOTE: For profiles defined in the settings.xml, you are restricted to specifying only artifact
   |       repositories, plugin repositories, and free-form properties to be used as configuration
   |       variables for plugins in the POM.
   |
   |-->
  <profiles>
    <!-- profile
     | Specifies a set of introductions to the build process, to be activated using one or more of the
     | mechanisms described above. For inheritance purposes, and to activate profiles via <activatedProfiles/>
     | or the command line, profiles have to have an ID that is unique.
     |
     | An encouraged best practice for profile identification is to use a consistent naming convention
     | for profiles, such as 'env-dev', 'env-test', 'env-production', 'user-jdcasey', 'user-brett', etc.
     | This will make it more intuitive to understand what the set of introduced profiles is attempting
     | to accomplish, particularly when you only have a list of profile id's for debug.
     |
     | This profile example uses the JDK version to trigger activation, and provides a JDK-specific repo.
    <profile>
      <id>jdk-1.4</id>

      <activation>
        <jdk>1.4</jdk>
      </activation>

      <repositories>
        <repository>
          <id>jdk14</id>
          <name>Repository for JDK 1.4 builds</name>
          <url>http://www.myhost.com/maven/jdk14</url>
          <layout>default</layout>
          <snapshotPolicy>always</snapshotPolicy>
        </repository>
      </repositories>
    </profile>
    -->

    <!--
     | Here is another profile, activated by the system property 'target-env' with a value of 'dev',
     | which provides a specific path to the Tomcat instance. To use this, your plugin configuration
     | might hypothetically look like:
     |
     | ...
     | <plugin>
     |   <groupId>org.myco.myplugins</groupId>
     |   <artifactId>myplugin</artifactId>
     |   
     |   <configuration>
     |     <tomcatLocation>${tomcatPath}</tomcatLocation>
     |   </configuration>
     | </plugin>
     | ...
     |
     | NOTE: If you just wanted to inject this configuration whenever someone set 'target-env' to
     |       anything, you could just leave off the <value/> inside the activation-property.
     |
    <profile>
      <id>env-dev</id>

      <activation>
        <property>
          <name>target-env</name>
          <value>dev</value>
        </property>
      </activation>

      <properties>
        <tomcatPath>/path/to/tomcat/instance</tomcatPath>
      </properties>
    </profile>
    -->
  

<profile>

                <id>adobe-public</id>

                <activation>

                    <activeByDefault>true</activeByDefault>

                </activation>

                <repositories>

                  <repository>

                    <id>adobe</id>

                    <name>Nexus Proxy Repository</name>

                    <url>http://repo.adobe.com/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>

                    <layout>default</layout>

                  </repository>

                </repositories>

                <pluginRepositories>

                  <pluginRepository>

                    <id>adobe</id>

                    <name>Nexus Proxy Repository</name>

                    <url>http://repo.adobe.com/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>

                    <layout>default</layout>

                  </pluginRepository>

                </pluginRepositories>

            </profile>

</profiles>

  <!-- activeProfiles
   | List of profiles that are active for all builds.
   |
  <activeProfiles>
    <activeProfile>alwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
    <activeProfile>anotherAlwaysActiveProfile</activeProfile>
  </activeProfiles>
  -->
</settings>

Note:

The Adobe repository URL is now made secured. Change http://repo.adobe.com/nexus/content/groups/public/ to https://repo.adobe.com/nexus/content/groups/public/.

Create an AEM Maven archetype project

You can create an AEM Maven archetype project by using the Maven archetype plugin. In this example, assume that the working directory is C:\AdobeCQ. 

plugin1

To create an Experience Manager archetype project, perform these steps:

1. Open the command prompt and go to your working directory (for example, C:\AdobeCQ).

2. Run the following Maven command:

mvn archetype:generate -DarchetypeRepository=https://repo.adobe.com/nexus/content/groups/public/ -DarchetypeGroupId=com.day.jcr.vault -DarchetypeArtifactId=multimodule-content-package-archetype -DarchetypeVersion=1.0.2 -DgroupId=com.adobe.cq.sling -DartifactId=claim2 -Dversion=1.0-SNAPSHOT -Dpackage=com.adobe.cq.sling -DappsFolderName=myproject -DartifactName="My Project" -DcqVersion="5.6.1" -DpackageGroup="My Company"

3. When prompted for additional information, specify Y.

4. Once done, you will see a message like:

[[INFO] Total time: 14:46.131s
[INFO] Finished at: Wed Mar 27 13:38:58 EDT 2013
[INFO] Final Memory: 10M/184M

5. Change the command prompt to the generated project. For example: C:\AdobeCQ\claim2. Run the following Maven command:

mvn eclipse:eclipse

After you run this command, you can import the project into Eclipse as discussed in the next section.

Add Java files to the Maven project using Eclipse

To make it easier to work with the Maven generated project, import it into the Eclipse development environment, as shown in the following illustration. 

eclipse

 

The next step is to add a Java file to the com.adobe.cq.sling package. The Java class that you create in this section extends the Sling class named org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingAllMethodsServlet. This class supports the doGet method that lets you perform an HTTP Get operation. For information about this class, see Class SlingAllMethodsServlet.

The Sling Servlet returns HTML, as shown in the following code example. 

PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
out.println("<html><body>");
 out.println("<h1>This value was returned by an AEM Sling Servlet bound by using a Sling ResourceTypes property</h1>");
out.println("</html></body>");

The following Java code represents the HandleClaim class that extends org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingAllMethodsServlet.   

package com.adobe.cq.sling;
 
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.rmi.ServerException;
import java.util.Dictionary;
 
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Properties;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Property;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Reference;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.sling.SlingServlet;
import org.apache.sling.api.SlingHttpServletRequest;
import org.apache.sling.api.SlingHttpServletResponse;
import org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingSafeMethodsServlet;
import org.apache.sling.commons.osgi.OsgiUtil;
import org.apache.sling.jcr.api.SlingRepository;
import org.apache.felix.scr.annotations.Reference;
import org.osgi.service.component.ComponentContext;
import javax.jcr.Session;
import javax.jcr.Node; 
import org.json.simple.JSONObject;
import java.util.UUID;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import java.io.PrintWriter;

 
@SlingServlet(methods = {"GET"}, 
metatype = true,
resourceTypes = {"services/powerproxy"},
selectors = {"groups"})
public class HandleClaim extends org.apache.sling.api.servlets.SlingAllMethodsServlet {
     private static final long serialVersionUID = 2598426539166789515L;
      
     private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(HandleClaim.class);
      
    
           
     @Override
     protected void doGet(SlingHttpServletRequest request, SlingHttpServletResponse response) throws ServerException, IOException {
       
      try
      {
    	  log.info("---> THIS IS THE GET METHOD OF slingSevletApp/components/page/slingTemplate");
    	  PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
    	  out.println("<html><body>");
    	  out.println("<h1>This value was returned by an AEM Sling Servlet bound by using a Sling ResourceTypes property</h1>");
    	  out.println("</html></body>");
    	  
      }
      catch(Exception e)
      {
    	  log.info(e.getMessage(),e);
      }
    }
}

The Java class uses a SlingServlet annotation:

@SlingServlet(
    methods = {"GET"},
    metatype = true,
    resourceTypes = {"services/powerproxy"},
    selectors = {"groups"})

The resourceTypes property lets you bind an AEM resource type to this servlet. You can bind a page to the servlet by specifying the resource type of a page (for example - the /content/submitPage/jcr:content node's sling:resourceType property to services/powerproxy), as shown in the following illustration.

CRXDE

The selectors property lets you specify a selector to be used in the URL to invoke this servlet. Assuming that the page is named submitPage and the selector is groups, to invoke this AEM servlet - you specify the following URL:

http://localhost:4502/content/submitPage.groups.html

Modify the Maven POM file 

Modify the POM files to successfully build the OSGi bundle. In the POM file located at C:\AdobeCQ\claim2\bundle, add the following dependencies.

  • org.apache.felix.scr
  • org.apache.felix.scr.annotations
  • org.apache.jackrabbit
  • org.apache.sling
  • com.googlecode.json-simple 

The following XML represents this POM file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd ">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <!-- ====================================================================== -->
    <!-- P A R E N T P R O J E C T D E S C R I P T I O N -->
    <!-- ====================================================================== -->
    <parent>
        <groupId>com.adobe.cq.sling</groupId>
        <artifactId>claim2</artifactId>
        <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </parent>

    <!-- ====================================================================== -->
    <!-- P R O J E C T D E S C R I P T I O N -->
    <!-- ====================================================================== -->

    <artifactId>claim2-bundle</artifactId>
    <packaging>bundle</packaging>
    <name>My Project Bundle</name>

   <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.osgi</groupId>
            <artifactId>org.osgi.compendium</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.osgi</groupId>
            <artifactId>org.osgi.core</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.felix</groupId>
            <artifactId>org.apache.felix.scr.annotations</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
        </dependency>
           
        <dependency>
         <groupId>org.apache.felix</groupId>
    
         <artifactId>org.osgi.core</artifactId>
    
         <version>1.4.0</version>
      </dependency>
        
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.sling</groupId>
        <artifactId>org.apache.sling.commons.osgi</artifactId>
        <version>2.2.0</version>
    </dependency>
               
         
           
    <dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.jackrabbit</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackrabbit-core</artifactId>
    <version>2.4.3</version>
    </dependency>
        
    <dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.jackrabbit</groupId>
    <artifactId>jackrabbit-jcr-commons</artifactId>
    <version>2.4.3</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.sling</groupId>
        <artifactId>org.apache.sling.jcr.api</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.4</version>
      </dependency>
 
       <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.sling</groupId>
        <artifactId>org.apache.sling.api</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.2-incubator</version>
      </dependency>    
          
      <dependency>
         <groupId>javax.jcr</groupId>
         <artifactId>jcr</artifactId>
         <version>2.0</version>
      </dependency>
 
<dependency>
    <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
    <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
    <version>2.5</version>
</dependency>
             
    <dependency>
            <groupId>com.googlecode.json-simple</groupId>
            <artifactId>json-simple</artifactId>
            <version>1.1</version>
        </dependency>
        
                
    </dependencies>

    <!-- ====================================================================== -->
    <!-- B U I L D D E F I N I T I O N -->
    <!-- ====================================================================== -->
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.felix</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-scr-plugin</artifactId>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <id>generate-scr-descriptor</id>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>scr</goal>
                        </goals>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.felix</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-bundle-plugin</artifactId>
                <extensions>true</extensions>
                <configuration>
                    <instructions>
                        <Bundle-SymbolicName>com.adobe.cq.sling.claim2-bundle</Bundle-SymbolicName>
                    </instructions>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.sling</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-sling-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <slingUrl>http://${crx.host}:${crx.port}/apps/myproject/install</slingUrl>
                    <usePut>true</usePut>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-javadoc-plugin</artifactId>
                 <configuration>
                    <excludePackageNames>
                        *.impl
                    </excludePackageNames>
                 </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

Build the OSGi bundle using Maven

To build the OSGi component by using Maven, perform these steps:

  1. Open the command prompt and go to the C:\AdobeCQ\claim2 folder.
  2. Run the following maven command: mvn clean install.
  3. The OSGi component can be found in the following folder: C:\AdobeCQ\claim2\bundle\target. The file name of the OSGi component is claim2-bundle-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar.

Deploy the bundle to Experience Manager

Once you deploy the OSGi bundle, you can invoke the Sling Servlet (this is shown later in this development article). After you deploy the OSGi bundle, you will be able to see it in the Apache Felix Web Conole.

SlingBundle

Deploy the OSGi bundle that contains the Sling Servlet by performing these steps:

  1. Login to Apache Felix Web Console at http://server:port/system/console/bundles (default admin user = admin with password= admin).
  2. Click the Bundles tab, sort the bundle list by Id, and note the Id of the last bundle.
  3. Click the Install/Update button.
  4. Browse to the bundle JAR file you just built using Maven. (C:\AdobeCQ\claim2\bundle\target).
  5. Click Install.
  6. Click the Refresh Packages button.
  7. Check the bundle with the highest Id.
  8. Click Active.
  9. Your new bundle should now be listed with the status Active.
  10. If the status is not Active, check the CQ error.log for exceptions. 

Create a CQ web page that displays the client web page

The final task is to create a page that that is used to bind to the servlet, as shown in the following illustration.  

Client

Create a CQ web page that submits data to a custom sling servlet:

  1. Go to the CQ Websites page at http://localhost:4502/siteadmin#/content.
  2. Select New Page.
  3. Specify the title of the page in the Title field. Enter submitPage.
  4. Specify the name of the page in the Name field.
  5. Select slingRTemplate from the template list that appears. This value represents the template that is created in this development article. If you do not see it, then repeat the steps in this development article. For example, if you made a typing mistake when entering in path information, the template will not show up in the New Page dialog box.
  6. In CRXDE lite, navigate to /content/submitPage/jcr:content. Change the value of the sling:resourceType property to services/powerproxy.
  7. Open the page by specifying this URL in a browser: http://localhost:4502/content/submitPage.groups.html.

See also

Congratulations, you have just created an AEM custom sling servlet by using an Adobe Maven Archetype project. In addition, you learnt how to bind the servlet to a page by using the page's resouce type. Please refer to the AEM community page for other articles that discuss how to build AEM services/applications by using an Adobe Maven Archetype project.

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