Explore the key editing skills you’ll use every day in Adobe Premiere Pro.
Each sequence has a specific image size and number of frames per second, or frame rate. You can create as many sequences as you like in a project, but you will usually work with just one master sequence to create your video.
For this lesson, I'm using the 03_01 Create a new sequence.prproj file. You can find that with the media associated with this lesson. Just double click on the Premiere Pro project file itself to open it in Premiere Pro. When you add clips to a Sequence their frame size and frame rate are automatically adjusted to match the Sequence, so everything will play smoothly. You'll want Sequence settings to match your clips to minimize conversion and maximize playback quality. Let's take a look at those settings. I'm going to create a new Sequence in this project by clicking at the bottom of the Project panel on this New Item menu. I'm going to go into the list and choose Sequence... and this brings up the New Sequence dialog. The settings for Sequences in Premiere Pro are based on camera formats rather than output formats. I'm going to expand the Digital SLR category and I'm going to expand 1080p which is one of the settings that you can get in a DSLR camera and I'm going to choose this one DSLR 1080p30. Choose a preset that matches your original camera material and click OK. I'm going to click on the name of the Sequence that's just being created and let's give this a name. I'll call this Travelogue. Just as a little footnote to this, you'll notice in the Project panel that if you have text selected and you press the carriage return key which is the Enter key to the right of the letters on your keyboard Premiere Pro tends to jump down the list selecting the next option. But if you have the characters selected as I do now and you press the Enter key on the numerical keypad that's over on the far end of the keyboard with the full numerical keys then it'll just apply that text. Now creating a Sequence using a Sequence preset gives you the most control but it does mean you need to know the settings. And look what happens when I take one of these clips and drag it into the Sequence I've just created. I get a Clip Mismatch Warning. This clip does not match the Sequence's settings. Do you want to change the Sequence to match the clips settings? This means you can get the settings wrong safely because Premiere Pro is going to give you this option to automatically change those settings when you add a clip. So, let's do that let's Change Sequence settings. That clip is now in the Timeline ready for us to work on but it's pretty short and that's because we're zoomed out quite a long way in the Timeline panel. To see this more clearly, I'm going to zoom in. And the easy way to do that is to take the ends of the Navigator and move them. So, I'm going to click on the end here and drag in to shorten the Navigator and as I do you can see that we're zooming in and in and in into the Timeline and now we can see that clip a little more clearly. I'm also going to click between these two track headers between Video 1 and Video 2 the first and the second video tracks and I'm going to drag up so I can see the thumbnail as well. Now that you've seen Premiere Pro automatically update the settings for a Sequence based on a clip you can easily make use of an even better shortcut. I'm going to take one of these other clips and again I'm just single clicking here, I'm not double clicking because if I double click it opens in the Source monitor. So back in the Project panel I'm going to drag this clip icon onto that same button menu, the New Item menu you see the little Plus symbol there means I'm going to create a new Sequence. I'm going to release the mouse and now I have a Sequence that is automatically based on that clip. I don't need to know anything about the settings. I don't really need to know much about the clip at all. The Sequence has been created with just the right settings to match it and you can see the name of the Sequence matches the clip too. People shelter from the rain, but you can see the icon is different. That icon is for a Sequence. So, let's call this the Rain Sequence just so it's easy to spot and I'm pressing that Enter key at the end of my keyboard. Not only can you drag one clip on to the New Item menu you can actually drag multiple clips. I'm going to select the first item on the list here and let's say I know that these are the shots I want. I'm going to hold the Shift key down and I'm going to click on the last clip on the list and I'm going to drag all four of these onto the New Item menu. And now you can see right away I'll just resize the track header here. There are the four clips and you can see once again the new Sequence has taken the name from the first clip. I'll just call this More rain, just so we can see it in the panel. So that's how you create a new Sequence in Adobe Premiere Pro, ready to add some clips.
What you learned: Create a sequence
- To create a new sequence, click the New Item menu in the Project panel and choose Sequence from the drop-down menu. Choose a preset based on the camera you used to record your videos. Don’t worry if you choose the wrong setting; the first time you add a clip to the sequence, you can choose to adjust the settings to match the clip.
- You can also create a new sequence based on a clip’s properties by dragging the clip onto the New Item menu in the Project panel.
- You can check the sequence’s frame size and frame rate by viewing it in the Project panel using List view.
You build your project by adding clips to the sequence.
For this lesson, I'm working with the Premiere Pro project file 03_02 Add clips to a sequence.prproj. You can find that project file in with the media associated with this lesson. Double click to open the project file in Premiere Pro. Once you have a Sequence you'll be ready to add some clips. Premiere Pro is a flexible editing system and allows you to work in a number of ways. Let's check it out. One way to add clips to a Sequence is to drag them into the Timeline panel. So here I've got a shot called Football in the rain.mp4 and I can drag this straight over to the Timeline panel and drop it and there it is. You'll notice that I'm tending to drop clips always on the Video 1 track with the associated audio on Audio 1 and this is more than just a force of habit. Remember audio tracks all play together but video tracks play in front of each other. Anything on Video 2 will appear in front of anything on Video 1. And let's try that. I'm going to take another clip and drag that up on to Video 2 and you'll notice when I do that Premiere Pro automatically puts the audio for this clip on Audio 2 as well. So, when I release the mouse we've now got video and audio. Looking at these two audio clips seems to me there isn't actually any sound in this audio. So, it's not going to make too many issues when we playback and the two pieces of audio are mixed. But still I'll just scrub across the top of the timeline here, let me resize a little so you can see the thumbnail of that Great forest.mp4 clip and watch when the Great forest.mp4 clip begins in the Program monitor. You can almost imagine that this blue mark at the top of the Play head is a camera looking down on the Timeline and anything on top appears in front of anything underneath. You can also drag clips straight from the Source monitor. So, here I'm clicking in the middle of the picture and I'm dragging down to the Timeline and I'll just put this right there I think on Video 1 and Audio 1. Remember that if you have added In and Out marks as I have here in this clip at the beginning and end you see we've just lost the ends of the clip then they're always going to be on it. It doesn't matter if you're bringing the clip from the Project panel down here or up in the Source monitor if you have added In and Out marks you'll just get that partial selection in your Sequence. At the bottom of the Source monitor there are two icons Drag Video Only and Drag Audio Only, and as you can guess if I drag into the Timeline using this icon I'm only going to get the video part of the clip. Notice there's no audio there because I used this Filmstrip icon instead of taking the whole thing from the middle of the picture. So that's some fairly intuitive ways that you can add clips to a Sequence in Adobe Premiere Pro.
What you learned: Build your sequence
- Drag clips from the Project panel onto a track in the Timeline panel to begin building your sequence.
- You can also drag a clip displayed in the Source Monitor into the Timeline panel. If you added In and Out marks to a clip, only the selected portion of the clip will be added to your sequence.
- Use the Drag Video Only or Drag Audio Only icon at the bottom of the Source Monitor to drag only the video or audio into your sequence.
Some video editors prefer to add everything to a sequence and then remove the clips they don’t want, gradually reducing the content until only the best material remains.
For this lesson, I'm working with 03_03 Remove clips from a sequence.prproj. That's a Project file you can find with the media associated with this lesson. Just double-click on the project file to open it. A large part of video editing is not adding content but removing it. You'll often find you have clips in a Sequence you would like to remove. Let's look at some approaches to this. I've got a simple Sequence with four or five clips in it and if I select this second clip Kids rolling a tire.mp4 and hit the Delete key Premiere Pro leaves a gap. And that might be what I want to do because I've decided I don't want that shot but I do want to put something else in there and I don't want to move anything around, I'll just fill in the gap later on. I'm just going to undo that by pressing Ctrl+Z that's Command+Z on Mac OS. If I want to remove this clip and not leave a gap I can select it as I have here by single clicking on it and I can hold the Shift key down while I press the Delete key. In this way, the Shift key is being used as a Modifier key and if you're familiar with using the Ctrl key on Windows or the Command key on Mac OS with keys like A for selecting all or S for saving then you'll be familiar with the principle. Hold the Shift key down while you press the Delete key and then release the Shift key. Now I'm going to undo again and this time I'm going to select multiple clips in this Sequence by holding down the Shift key again, so it's a different use of the Shift key. I've already got one clip selected right at the end. So, I'm holding the Shift key now and I'm single clicking to select the clip in the middle and I'm still holding the Shift key and I'm single clicking to select the clip at the beginning. Remember selection is really important in Premiere Pro. So, whatever you have selected is what you're working on. In this case my work is to delete the clips. So, I'm pressing the Delete key and those three clips have gone. I'm going to undo that again and this time I'm going to go to the Track Select Forward Tool and I'll click again here on the Kids rolling a tire.mp4 clip and I'll press Delete again. Now, I've got a bit of a problem because the Track Select Forward Tool actually selects everything on every track from this point forward, so I'm just going to undo. And this time I'm going to hold the Shift key again to change the way the Track Select Forward Tool works. Now I've got a single arrow. You can just see there without the Shift key I have two with it, I have one and now if I click I'm just getting the clips on this track and I can delete them. But you'll notice that even with the Shift key held down to change the way the Track Select Forward Tool works I'm still getting the audio for these clips and those audio clip segments are separate. However, they were recorded with the original media they were imported into Premiere Pro as part of the same media file and Premiere Pro knows that. So, when you select one part of the clip the other part is selected as well and this functionality is actually controlled by a little option at the top of the Timeline right here. This is the Linked Selection mode. If I turn this option off and now I'm holding the Shift key again so I'm just choosing one track at a time, now if I click I'm just getting the video clips from this point forward on just the Video 1 track. And if I turn Linked Selection back on again with the Shift key held down I am getting the Audio 2. So, now I can press the Delete key and I've removed those clips and made room for some alternatives. These are some easy ways to remove unwanted clips from your Sequence in Adobe Premiere Pro.
What you learned: Remove clips
- To remove a clip and leave the space where it was, select the clip and press Backspace (Windows) or Delete (macOS).
- To remove a clip and automatically close the gap, select the clip and press Shift+Delete (Windows) or Shift+fn+Delete (macOS).
- Select multiple clips by clicking them while holding down the Shift key.
- Use the Track Select Forward tool to select every clip from where you click to the end of the sequence.
- Undo your changes by pressing Control+Z (Windows) or Command+Z (macOS).
After adding clips to your sequence, you’ll likely want to rearrange them as you develop your project.
For this lesson, I'm working with the project file 03_04 Move clips in a sequence.prproj. You can find that Project file with the media associated with this lesson. Essentially editing is adding, removing or moving clips in a Sequence. It's common to discover your Sequence would work better if you change the order of the clips playing. And let's look at some ways to move clips in a Sequence. I've got a very simple Sequence here with five clips one after another and they have linked audio. If I take one of these clips and drag it over the top of another clip because I have the snapping turned on on the Timeline I know that this is going to line up at the very beginning of the clip because it's jumping into position. When I release the mouse button a gap is left behind and the new clip has actually overwritten, it's laid on top of the original clip that was in this position. I’ll just zoom in a tiny bit more so you can see the names of those clips a little better. I'm going to undo that with Ctrl+Z or Command+Z on Mac OS. And I'm going to do the same thing again but this time I'm going to drag over to the beginning of the clip and now I'm going to hold down the Ctrl key here on Windows, this would be the Command key on Mac OS, before I release the mouse and you can see I'm getting these arrows on every track indicating that something's going to happen on those tracks. So, I'm releasing the mouse now and you can see what's happened. I still have a gap where the clip was before but now the whole of the Kids rolling a tire.mp4 shot is intact. Premiere Pro has inserted the Temple from above.mp4 clip. And these are really the two ways in which you can work with clips in a Sequence. You can overwrite replacing the content that was there before or you can insert pushing everything out of the way because just as the Kids rolling a tire.mp4 clip has moved out of the way so has the next clip People shelter from the rain.mp4. We've got the gap that was originally there, I'm going to navigate over a little bit so you can see it and that last shot everything's moved along in the Timeline including the gap that the clip was in originally. Now I'm going to undo that and just scroll over a little so you can see all of these clips. The Timeline panel has a Linked Selection mode where you can turn off the linking between the video and the audio parts of clips for everything in the Timeline panel. I'm just going to turn that feature back on though so that everything is selected together but you also have the option to Unlink individual clips. So, here for example, I'm going to right-click on this People shelter from the rain.mp4 clip and I'm going to choose Unlink. Right away you can see the audio is deselected and this means if I want to I can move just the video. You can see the duration of those clips was pretty similar but I've got a tiny little bit left of the clip before it. So, I'm going to undo. Now of course whether or not this clip has linking enabled I can turn off Linked Selection for the whole Sequence and if I want to I can take all three of these, I am just dragging out a marquee or a lasso selection to get the video from all three of these clips and I can drag them over to an earlier point of the Timeline. This isn't going to do much for my audio of course where I've left it behind and you can see this Unlinked clip isn't giving me a warning because I've told Premiere Pro not to worry about the connection between the two clips, the video and the audio, but these later clips are still linked. And so, although I've turned off Linked Selection Premiere Pro knows that there's a 2-second and 11-frame gap between the positions of these video and audio clips. So, I'll just undo again with Ctrl+Z or Command+Z and I'll put Linked Selection back on. We can also break clips into pieces. This clip was just a little too long for my purposes, so I'm going to get this Razor tool and with the Razor tool I'm going to click roundabout the middle of the clip to separate it into two and then I'll get my Selection tool and drag the clip over to overwrite the beginning of that Kids rolling a tire.mp4 shot. But I've got a problem, if you recall I turned off Linking for the clip which means when I clicked with the Razor tool I left the audio behind. I'm going to undo again and again and now I'm going to select both of these. I'm going to lasso across them or marquee select across them, right-click, and choose Link. Now Premiere Pro knows that these two parts of the clip are connected. So, I can go to the Razor tool and click, go back to the Selection tool and now the audio comes with video. Now you can move clips around in a Sequence in a number of ways. As long as you remember time moves from left to right you can plan your Sequence for maximum impact.
What you learned: Move clips
- To change the order of clips in your sequence, drag a clip to a new position, leaving a gap and overwriting whatever is there when you drop it.
- Hold Control (Windows) or Command (macOS) while dragging a clip to insert the clip at its new location and push existing clips to the right.
- To select just the video or audio part of a linked clip, right-click the clip and choose Unlink.
- You can turn video and audio linking off or on for the whole sequence by clicking the Linked Selection button at the top left of the Timeline panel.
- Use the Razor tool to divide a clip into two pieces you can move separately.
It’s easy to adjust your soundtrack mix to blend music with speech.
For this lesson, I'm working with the project file 03_05 Simple audio adjustments.prproj. And you can find that project file with the media that accompanies this lesson. Double-click it to open it in Premiere Pro. You'll want to make sure your audience can hear dialogue over the music by adjusting the music volume and this is easy to do in Premiere Pro. Remember a music clip behaves in just the same way as a video clip in Premiere Pro but you'll be putting the clip onto an audio track not to a video track. Here's a piece of music and just under it we've got some voice over. Let's have a listen. To the land of the eternal spring. So, I quite like that music but it's a bit too loud for us to make out the voice over clearly. To make this change I'm going to use the Audio Clip Mixer. You'll notice at the bottom of the Audio Clip Mixer we've got some names. A1 which is Audio 1, A2 which is Audio 2 and so on and you'll notice that those names match the names of the tracks in our Sequence. For our purposes, we're going to work on Audio 1 and so that's the section of the Audio Mixer we want to use. Although the controls in the Audio Clip Mixer can look a little bit strange if you're not familiar with them notice that they're all just a repetition. Everything for Audio 1 is the same as everything for Audio 2 and so on, so learn one and you've learned all of them. I'm going to adjust the audio level for the music by dragging this Fader control and I'm going to pull this down quite a bit, maybe down to -12. Let's have a listen to that. To the land of the eternal spring. Well, that's much better. We can easily make out the voice over now. You'll notice as well in the Audio Clip Mixer that we've got our Mute button which actually turns on the mute for the track. There's also a Solo button. Solo makes sure that you only hear that track. For example, if I Solo Audio 2 I won't hear the music anymore, I'll just hear the voice over. To the land of the eternal spring. Over on the right you've probably noticed already we have some Audio Meters, so you can see the levels at work. You might decide to have vocals come from different directions and this is easy to do using the Audio Pan control which adjusts the balance for the clip. That's the balance of the audio between the left and the right speakers or headphones that you're listening on. Up in the Audio Clip Mixer I'm going to just click and drag to the right so that the voice over comes out much more from the right speaker not 100% but a lot more and let's play that. To the people of the corn who built towering cities of... You probably saw on the meter that the right channel is louder now than the left channel. I'm going to reset that by adjusting this number under the Pan control and anywhere in Premiere Pro that you see blue numbers like this you can click and drag as I am now or you can click and type. A single click will select the number. I'm going to type in a 0 and press Enter and I've now reset the Pan control. The Audio Clip Mixer is based on clips. So, if I had more audio clips on the Timeline in my Sequence whichever clip the Play head was over would be the one that I would be adjusting. It's pretty subtle but you can probably make out in the music clip where I've lowered the volume this line across the middle of the clip has been dropped to a lower level and if you watch that line while I drag the Fader up, there, when you release the Fader the line moves to indicate the new volume for the clip. So, you have a visual reference on the clip as well as looking at the Audio Clip Mixer. So that's how you can easily adjust Audio Level and Pan for clips in a Sequence in Adobe Premiere Pro.
What you learned: Adjust audio
- The Audio Clip Mixer panel allows you to change the volume of an audio clip. Choose Window > Audio Clip Mixer to display the panel.
- Position the Timeline playhead over the clip you want to change.
- Drag the Audio Clip Mixer fader up or down for the sequence track containing the clip. Audio level is usually described with 0dB (decibels) being the loudest, so –3dB is quieter than 0dB.
- Use the Mute and Solo buttons to selectively hear audio tracks. Mute makes a selected track silent. Solo plays only the selected track.
- Use the Pan control in the Audio Clip Mixer to direct the clip’s sound toward the left or right output in your sound mix.