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Overview

The rule editor feature in Adobe Experience Manager Forms empowers forms business users and developers to write rules on adaptive form objects. These rules define actions to trigger on form objects based on preset conditions, user inputs, and user actions on the form. It helps further streamline the form filling experience ensuring accuracy and speed.

The rule editor provides an intuitive and simplified user interface to write rules. Rule editor offers a visual editor for all the users. In addition, only for forms power users, rule editor provides a code editor to write rules and scripts. Some of the key actions that you can perform on adaptive form objects using rules are:

  • Show or hide an object
  • Enable or disable an object
  • Set a value for an object
  • Validate the value of an object
  • Execute functions to compute the value of an object
  • Invoke a form data model service and perform an operation
  • Set property of an object

Rule editor replaces the scripting capabilities in AEM 6.1 Forms and earlier releases. However, your existing scripts are preserved in the new rule editor.  For more information about working with existing scripts in the rule editor, see Impact of rule editor on existing scripts.

Users added to the forms-power-users group can create new scripts and edit existing ones. Users in the forms-users group can use the scripts but not create or edit scripts.

Understanding a rule

A rule is a combination of actions and conditions. In rule editor, actions include activities such as hide, show, enable, disable, or compute the value of an object in a form. Conditions are Boolean expressions that are evaluated by performing checks and operations on the state, value, or property of a form object. Actions are performed based on the value (True or False) returned by evaluating a condition.

The rule editor provides a set of predefined rule types, such as When, Show, Hide, Enable, Disable, Set Value Of, and Validate to help you write rules. Each rule type allows you to define conditions and actions in a rule. The document further explains each rule type in detail.

A rule typically follows one of the following constructs:

Condition-Action

In this construct, a rule first defines a condition followed by an action to trigger. The construct is comparable to if-then statement in programming languages.

In rule editor, the When rule type enforces the condition-action construct.

Action-Condition

In this construct, a rule first defines an action to trigger followed by conditions for evaluation. Another variation of this construct is action-condition-alternate action, which also defines an alternate action to trigger if the condition returns False.

The Show, Hide, Enable, Disable, Set Value Of, and Validate rule types in rule editor enforce the action-condition rule construct. By default, the alternate action for Show is Hide and for Enable is Disable, and vice versa. You cannot change the default alternate action.

참고:

The available rule types, including conditions and actions that you define in rule editor, also depend on the type of form object on which you are creating a rule. The rule editor displays only valid rule types and options for writing condition and action statements for a particular form object type. For example, you do not see Validate, Set Value Of, Enable, and Disable rule types for a panel object.

For more information about rule types available in the rule editor, see Available rule types in rule editor.

Guidelines for choosing a rule construct

While you can achieve most of the use cases by using any rule construct, here are some guidelines to choose one construct over another. For more information about the available rules in rule editor, see Available rule types in rule editor.

  • A typical rule of the thumb when creating a rule is to think about it in the context of the object on which you are writing a rule. Consider that you want to hide or show the field B based on the value a user specifies in the field A. In this case, you are evaluating a condition on field A, and based on the value it returns, you are triggering an action on field B.

    Therefore, if you are writing a rule on field B (the object on which you are evaluating a condition), use the condition-action construct or the When rule type. Similarly, use the action-condition construct or Show or Hide rule type on field A.

  • At times, you need to perform multiple actions based on one condition. In such cases, it is recommended to use the condition-action construct. In this construct, you can evaluate a condition once and specify multiple action statements.

    For example, to hide fields B, C, and D based on the condition that checks for the value a user specifies in field A, write one rule with condition-action construct or When rule type on field A and specify actions to control the visibility of fields B, C, and D. Otherwise, you need three separate rules on fields B, C, and D, where each rule checks the condition and shows or hides the respective field. In this example, it is more efficient to write the When rule type on one object rather than Show or Hide rule type on three objects.

  • To trigger an action based on multiple conditions, it is recommended to use action-condition construct. For example to show and hide field A by evaluating conditions on fields B, C, and D, use Show or Hide rule type on field A.
  • Use condition-action or action condition construct if the rule contains one action for one condition.
  • If a rule checks for a condition and performs an action immediately on providing a value in a field or exiting a field, it is recommended to write a rule with condition-action construct or the When rule type on the field on which the condition is evaluated. 
  • The condition in the When rule is evaluated when a user changes the value of the object on which the When rule is applied. However, if you want the action to trigger when the value changes on the server side, like in case of prepopulating the value, it is recommended to write a When rule that triggers the action when the field is initialized.
  • When writing rules for drop-downs, radio buttons, or check boxes objects, the options or values of these form objects in the form are pre-populated in the rule editor.

Available operator types and events in rule editor

The rule editor provides the following logical operators and events using which you can create rules.

  • Is Equal To
  • Is Not Equal To
  • Starts With
  • Ends With
  • Contains
  • Is Empty
  • Is Not Empty
  • Has Selected: Returns true when the user selects a particular option for a checkbox, drop-down, radio button.
  • Is Initialized (event): Returns true when a form object renders in the browser.
  • Is Changed (event): Returns true when the user changes the entered value or selected option for a form object.

Available rule types in rule editor

The rule editor provides a set of predefined rule types that you can use to write rules. Let's look at each rule type in detail. For more information about writing rules in rule editor, see Write rules.

When

The When rule type follows the condition-action-alternate action rule construct, or sometimes, just the condition-action construct. In this rule type, you first specify a condition for evaluation followed by an action to trigger if the condition is satisfied (True). While using the When rule type, you can use multiple AND and OR operators to create nested expressions

Using the When rule type, you can evaluate a condition on a form object and perform actions on one or more objects. 

In plain words, a typical When rule is structured as follows:

____________________________________________

When on Object A:

(Condition 1 AND Condition 2 OR Condition 3) is TRUE;

Then, do the following:

Action 2 on Object B;
AND
Action 3 on Object C;

 

_____________________________________________

When you have a multi‐value component, such as radio buttons or list, while creating a rule for that component the options are automatically retrieved and made available to the rule creator. You need not type the option values again.

For example, a list has four options: Red, Blue, Green, and Yellow. While creating the rule, the options (radio buttons) are automatically retrieved and made available to the rule creator as following:

MultiValueFCDisplaysOptions

While writing a When rule, you can trigger the Clear Value Of action. Clear Value Of action clears the value of the specified object. Having Clear Value of as an option in the When statement allows you to create complex conditions with multiple fields.

ClearValueOf

Hide

Hides the specified object.

Show

Shows the specified object.

Enable

Enables the specified object.

Disable

Disables the specified object.

Invoke service

Invokes a service configured in a form data model. When you choose the Invoke Service operation, a field appears. On tapping the field, it displays all services configured in all form data models on your AEM instance. On choosing a form data model service, additional fields appear where you can map form objects with input and output parameters for the specified service. See example rule for invoking form data model services.

In addition to form data model service, you can specify a direct WSDL URL to invoke a web service. However, a form data model service has many benefits and the recommended approach to invoke a service.

For more information about configuring services in form data model, see AEM Forms Data Integration.

Set value of

Computes and sets the value of the specified object. You can set the object value to a string, the value of another object, the computed value using mathematical expression or function, the value of a property of an object, or the output value from a configured form data model service. When you choose the web service option, it displays all services configured in all form data models on your AEM instance. On choosing a form data model service, additional fields appear where you can map form objects with input and output parameters for the specified service.

For more information about configuring services in form data model, see AEM Forms Data Integration.

Set property

Sets the value of a property of the specified object.

Clear Value Of

Clears the value of the specified object.

Set Focus

Sets focus on the specified object.

Save Form

Saves the form.

Submit Forms

Submits the form.

Reset Form

Resets the form.

Validate Form

Validates the form.

Add Instance

Adds an instance of the specified repeatable panel or table row.

Remove Instance

Removes an instance of the specified repeatable panel or table row.

Set Value of

The Set Value of rule type allows you to set the value of a form object depending on whether the specified condition is satisfied or not. The value can be set to a value of another object, a literal string, a value derived from a mathematical expression or a function, a value of a property of another object, or the output of a form data model service. Similarly, you can check for a condition on a component, string, property, or values derived from a function or mathematical expression.

Note that the Set Value Of rule type is not available for all form objects, such as panels and toolbar buttons. A standard Set Value Of rule has the following structure:

____________________________________________

Set value of Object A to:

(string ABC) OR 
(object property X of Object C) OR 
(value from a function) OR 
(value from a mathematical expression) OR
(output value of a data model service or web service);

When (optional):

(Condition 1 AND Condition 2 AND Condition 3) is TRUE;

____________________________________________

The following example takes the value in dependentid field as input and sets the value of the Relation field to the output of the Relation argument of the getDependent form data model service.

set-value-web-service
Example of Set Value rule using form data model service

참고:

In addition, you can use Set Value of rule to populate all values in a drop-down list component from the output of a form data model service or a web service. However, ensure that the output argument you choose is of an array type. All values returned in an array become available in the specified drop-down list.

Show

Using the Show rule type, you can write a rule to show or hide a form object based on whether a condition is satisfied or not. The Show rule type also triggers the Hide action in case the condition is not satisfied or returns False.

A typical Show rule is structured as follows:

____________________________________________

Show Object A;

When:

(Condition 1 OR Condition 2 OR Condition 3) is TRUE;

Else:

Hide Object A;

____________________________________________

Hide

Similar to the Show rule type, you can use the Hide rule type to show or hide a form object based on whether a condition is satisfied or not. The Hide rule type also triggers the Show action in case the condition is not satisfied or returns False.

A typical Hide rule is structured as follows:

____________________________________________

Hide Object A;

When:

(Condition 1 AND Condition 2 AND Condition 3) is TRUE;

Else:

Show Object A;

____________________________________________

Enable

The Enable rule type lets you enable or disable a form object based on whether a condition is satisfied or not. The Enable rule type also triggers the Disable action in case the condition is not satisfied or returns False.

A typical Enable rule is structured as follows:

____________________________________________

Enable Object A;

When:

(Condition 1 AND Condition 2 AND Condition 3) is TRUE;

Else:

Disable Object A;

____________________________________________

Disable

Similar to the Enable rule type, the Disable rule type allows you to enable or disable a form object based on whether a condition is satisfied or not. The Disable rule type also triggers the Enable action in case the condition is not satisfied or returns False.

A typical Disable rule is structured as follows:

____________________________________________

Disable Object A;

When:

(Condition 1 OR Condition 2 OR Condition 3) is TRUE;

Else:

Enable Object A;

____________________________________________

Validate

The Validate rule type validates the value in a field using an expression. For example, you can write an expression to check that the text box for specifying name doesn't contain special characters or numbers.

A typical Validate rule is structured as follows:

____________________________________________

Validate Object A;

Using:

(Expression 1 AND Expression 2 AND Expression 3) is TRUE;

____________________________________________

참고:

If the specified value doesn't comply with the Validate rule, you can display a validation message to the user. You can specify the message in the Script validation message field in the component properties in the sidebar.  

script-validation

Understanding the rule editor user interface

Rule editor provides a comprehensive yet simple user interface to write and manage rules. You can launch the rule editor user interface from within an adaptive form in authoring mode.

To launch the rule editor user interface:

  1. Open an adaptive form in authoring mode.

  2. Tap the form object for which you want to write a rule, and in Component Toolbar tap .  The rule editor user interface appears.

    create-rules

    Any existing rules on the selected form objects are listed in this view. For information about managing existing rules, see Manage rules.

  3. Tap Create to write a new rule. The visual editor of the rule editor user interface opens by default when you launch the rule editor the first time.

    Rule Editor UI
    Click to view enlarged image

    Let's look at each component of the rule editor UI in detail.

A. Component-rule display

Displays the title of the adaptive form object through which you launched the rule editor and the rule type currently selected. In the above example, the rule editor is launched from an adaptive form object titled Salary and the rule type selected is When.

B. Form objects and functions

The pane on the left in the rule editor user interface includes two tabs — Forms Objects and Functions.

The Form Objects tab shows a hierarchical view of all objects contained in the adaptive form. It displays the title and type of the objects. When writing a rule, you can drag-drop form objects onto the rule editor. While creating or editing a rule when you drag-and-drop an object or function into a placeholder, the placeholder automatically takes the appropriate value type. 

The form objects that have one or more valid rules applied are marked with a Green dot. If any of the rules applied to a form object is invalid, the form object is marked with a Yellow dot.

The Functions tab includes a set of built-in functions, such as Sum Of, Min Of, Max Of, Average Of, Number Of, and Validate Form. You can use these functions to compute values in repeatable panels and table rows and use them in action and condition statements when writing rules. You can, however, create custom functions too.

The Functions tab

참고:

You can perform text search on objects and functions names and titles in Forms Objects and Functions tabs.

In the left tree of the form objects, you can tap the form objects to display the rules applied to each of the objects. Not only you can navigate through the rules of the various form objects, you can also copy-paste rules between the form objects. For more information, see Copy-paste rules.

C. Form objects and functions toggle

The toggle button, when tapped, toggles the form objects and functions pane.

D. Visual rule editor

Visual rule editor is the area in the visual editor mode of the rule editor user interface where you write rules. It allows you to select a rule type and accordingly define conditions and actions. When defining conditions and actions in a rule, you can drag-drop form objects and functions from the Form Objects and Functions pane.

For more information about using visual rule editor, see Write rules.

E. Visual-code editors switcher

Users in the forms-power-users group can access code editor. For other users, code editor is not available. If you have the rights, you can switch from visual editor mode to code editor mode of the rule editor, and vice versa, using the switcher right above the rule editor. When you launch rule editor the first time, it opens in the visual editor mode. You can write rules in the visual editor mode or switch to the code editor mode to write a rule script. However, note that if you modify a rule or write a rule in code editor, you cannot switch back to the visual editor for that rule unless you clear the code editor.

AEM Forms tracks the rule editor mode you used last to write a rule. When you launch the rule editor next time, it opens in that mode. However, you can also configure a default mode to open the rule editor in the specified mode. To do so:

  1. Go to AEM web console at http://[host]:[port]/system/console/configMgr.
  2. Click to edit Adaptive Form Configuration Service.
  3. choose Visual Editor or Code Editor from the Default Mode for Rule Editor drop-down
  4. Click Save.

F. Done and cancel buttons

The Done button is used to save a rule. You can save an incomplete rule. However, incomplete are invalid and don't execute. Saved rules on a form object are listed when you launch the rule editor next time from the same form object. You can manage existing rules in that view. For more information, see Manage rules.

The Cancel button discards any changes you made to a rule and closes the rule editor.

Write rules

You can write rules using the visual rule editor or the code editor. When you launch the rule editor the first time, it opens in the visual editor mode. You can switch to the code editor mode and write rules. However, note that if you write or modify a rule in code editor, you cannot switch to the visual editor for that rule unless you clear the code editor. When you launch the rule editor next time, it opens in the mode that you used last to create rule.

Let's first look at how to write rules using visual editor.

Using visual editor

Let's understand how to create a rule in visual editor using the following example form.

create-rule-example

The Loan Requirements section in the example loan application form requires applicants to specify their marital status, salary, and if married, their spouse's salary. Based on the user inputs, the rule computes the loan eligibility amount and displays in the Loan Eligibility field. Apply the following rules to implement the scenario:

  • The Spouse's Salary field is shown only when the Marital Status is Married.
  • The loan eligibility amount is 50% of the total salary.
Perform the following steps to write rules:
  1. First, write the rule to control the visibility of the Spouse Salary field based on the option user selects for the Marital Status radio button. 

    Open the loan application form in authoring mode. Tap the Marital Status component and tap . Next, tap Create to launch the rule editor.

    write-rules-visual-editor-1

    When you launch the rule editor, the When rule is selected by default. Also, the form object (in this case, Marital Status) from where you launched the rule editor is specified in the When statement.

    While you cannot change or modify the selected object, you can use the rule drop-down, as shown below, to select another rule type. If you want to create a rule on another object, tap Cancel to exit the rule editor and launch it again from the desired form object.

  2. Tap Select State drop-down and select is equal to. The Enter a String field appears.

    write-rules-visual-editor-2

    In the Marital Status radio button, Married and Single options are assigned 0 and 1 values, respectively. You can verify assigned values in the Title tab of the Edit radio button dialog as shown below.

    Radio button values from rule editor
  3. In the Enter a String field in the rule, specify 0.

    write-rules-visual-editor-4

    You have defined the condition as When Marital Status is equal to Married. Next, define the action to perform if this condition is True.

  4. In the Then statement, select Show from the Select Action drop-down.

    write-rules-visual-editor-5
  5. Drag-drop the Spouse Salary field from the Form Objects tab on the Drop object or select here field. Alternatively, tap the Drop object or select here field and select the Spouse Salary field from the pop-up menu, which lists all form objects in the form.

    write-rules-visual-editor-6

    The rule appears as follows in the rule editor.

    write-rules-visual-editor-7

    Tap Done to save the rule.

  6. Repeat steps 1 through 5 to define another rule to hide the Spouse Salary field if the marital Status is Single. The rule appears as follows in the rule editor.

    write-rules-visual-editor-8

    참고:

    Alternatively, you can write one Show rule on the Spouse Salary field, instead of two When rules on the Marital Status field, to implement the same behavior.

    write-rules-visual-editor-9
  7. Next, write a rule to compute the loan eligibility amount, which is 50% of the total salary, and display it in the Loan Eligibility field. To achieve this, create Set value Of rules on Loan Eligibility field.

    In authoring mode, tap the Loan Eligibility field and tap . Next, tap Create to launch the rule editor.

  8. Select Set Value Of rule from the rule drop-down.

    write-rules-visual-editor-10
  9. Tap Select Option and select Mathematical Expression. A field to write mathematical expression opens.

    write-rules-visual-editor-11
  10. In the expression field:

    • Select or drag-drop from the Forms Object tab the Salary field in the first Drop object or select here field.
    • Select Plus from the Select Operator field.
    • Select or drag-drop from the Forms Object tab the Spouse Salary field in the other Drop object or select here field.
    write-rules-visual-editor-12
  11. Next, tap in the highlighted area around the expression field and tap Extend Expression.

    write-rules-visual-editor-13

    In the extended expression field, select divided by from the Select Operator field and Number from the Select Option field. Then, specify 2 in the number field.

    write-rules-visual-editor-14

    참고:

    You can create complex expressions by using components, functions, mathematical expressions, and property values from the Select Option field.

    Next, create a condition, which when returns True, the expression executes.

  12. Tap Add Condition to add a When statement.

    write-rules-visual-editor-15

    In the When statement:

    • Select or drag-drop from the Forms Object tab the Marital Status field in the first Drop object or select here field.
    • Select is equal to from the Select Operator field.
    • Select String in the other Drop object or select here field and specify Married in the Enter a String field.
    The rule finally appears as follows in the rule editor.
    write-rules-visual-editor-16

    Tap Done to save the rule.

  13. Repeat steps 7 through 12 to define another rule to compute the loan eligibility if the marital Status is Single. The rule appears as follows in the rule editor.

    write-rules-visual-editor-17

참고:

Alternatively, you can use the Set Value Of rule to compute the loan eligibility in the When rule that you created to show-hide the Spouse Salary field. The resultant combined rule when Marital Status is Single appears as follows in the rule editor.

Similarly, you can write a combined rule to control visibility of the Spouse Salary field and compute loan eligibility when the Marital Status is Married.

write-rules-visual-editor-18

Using code editor

Users added to the forms-power-users group can use code editor. The rule editor auto generates the JavaScript code for any rule you create using visual editor. You can switch from visual editor to the code editor to view the generated code. However, if you modify the rule code in the code editor, you cannot switch back to the visual editor. If you prefer writing rules in code editor rather than visual editor, you can write rules afresh in the code editor. The visual-code editors switcher helps you switch between the two modes.

The code editor JavaScript is the expression language of adaptive forms. All the expressions are valid JavaScript expressions and use adaptive forms scripting model APIs. These expressions return values of certain types. For the complete list of adaptive forms classes, events, objects, and public APIs, see JavaScript Library API reference for adaptive forms.

For more information about guidelines to write rules in the code editor, see Adaptive Form Expressions.

While writing JavaScript code in the rule editor, the following visual cues help you with the structure and syntax:

  • Syntax highlights
  • Auto Indentation
  • Hints and suggestions for Form objects, functions, and their properties
  • Auto completion of form component names and common JavaScript functions
JavaScriptRuleEditor

Custom functions in rule editor

Apart from the out-of-the-box functions like Sum of, that are listed under Functions Output, you can write custom functions that you frequently need. Ensure that the function you write is accompanied by the jsdoc above it. 

Accompanying jsdoc is required:

  • If you want custom configuration and description.
  • Because there are multiple ways to declare a function in JavaScript, and comments let you keep a track of the functions. 

For more information, see usejsdoc.org

Supported jsdoc tags:

  • Private
    Syntax: @private
    A private function is not included as a custom function.
  • Name
    Syntax: @name funcName <Function Name>
    Alternatively, you can use: @function funcName <Function Name> or @func funcName <Function Name>.
    funcName is the name of the function (no spaces allowed). 
    <Function Name> is the display name of the function. 
  • Member
    Syntax: @memberof namespace
    Attaches a namespace to the function. 
  • Parameter
    Syntax:  @param {type} name <Parameter Description>
    Alternatively, you can use: @argument {type} name <Parameter Description> or @arg {type} name <Parameter Description>.
    Shows parameters used by the function. A function can have multiple parameter tags, one tag for each parameter in the order of occurrence.  
    {type} represents parameter type. Allowed parameter types are:
    1. string
    2. number
    3. boolean

    All other parameter types are categorized under one of the above. None is not supported. Ensure that you select one of the types above. Types are not case sensitive. Spaces are not allowed in the parameter name. <Parameter Descrption> can have multiple words.

  • Return Type
    Syntax: @return {type}
    Alternatively, you can use @returns {type}
    Adds information about the function, such as its objective. 
    {type} represents the return type of the function. Allowed return types are:
    1. string
    2. number
    3. boolean

    All other return types are categorized under one of the above. None is not supported. Ensure that you select one of the types above. Return types are not case sensitive.

참고:

Comments before custom function are used for summary. Summary can extend to multiple lines until a tag is encountered. Limit the size to a single for a concise description in the rule builder.

Adding a custom function

For example, you want to add a custom function which calculates area of a square. Side length is the user input to the custom function, which is accepted using a numeric box in your form. The calculated output is displayed in another numeric box in your form. To add a custom function, you have to first create a client library, and then add it to the CRX repository.

Perform the following steps to create a client library and add it in the CRX repository. 

  1. Create a client library. For more information, see Using Client-Side Libraries

  2. In CRXDE, add a property categories with string type value as customfunction to the clientlib folder. 

    참고:

    customfunction is an example category. You can choose any name for the category you create in the clientlib folder. 

After you have added your client library in the CRX repository, use it in your adaptive form. It lets you use your custom function as a rule in your form.  Perform the following steps to add the client library in your adaptive form. 

  1. Open your form in edit mode. 
    To open a form in edit mode, select a form and tap Open.

  2. In the edit mode, select a component, then tap  > Adaptive Form Container, and then tap .

  3. In the sidebar, under Name of Client Library, add your client library. (customfunction in the example.)

    Adding the custom function client library
  4. Select the input numeric box, and tap  to open the rule editor. 

  5. Tap Create Rule. Using options shown below, create a rule to save the squared value of the input in the Output field of your form. 

    Tap Done. Your custom function is added. 

Function declaration supported types

Function Statement

function area(len) {
    return len*len;
}

This function is included without jsdoc comments. 

Function Expression

var area;
//Some codes later
/** */
area = function(len) {
    return len*len;
};

Function Expression and Statement

var b={};
/** */
b.area = function(len) {
    return len*len;
}

Function Declaration as Variable

/** */
var x1,
    area = function(len) {
        return len*len;
    },
    x2 =5, x3 =true;

Limitation: custom function picks only the first function declaration from the variable list, if together. You can use function expression for every function declared.

Function Declaration as Object

var c = {
    b : {
        /** */
        area : function(len) {
            return len*len;
        }
    }
};

참고:

Ensure that you use jsdoc for every custom function. Although jsdoc comments are encouraged, include an empty jsdoc comment to mark your function as custom function. It enables default handling of your custom function. 

Manage rules

Any existing rules on a form object are listed when you tap the object and tap . You can view the title and a preview the rule summary. Furthermore, the UI allows you to expand and view the complete rule summary, change the order of rules, edit rules, and delete rules.

list-rules

You can perform the following actions on rules:

  • Expand/Collapse: The Content column in the rule list displays the rule content. If the entire rule content is not visible in the default view, tap to expand it.
  • Reorder: Any new rule you create is stacked at the bottom of the rule list. The rules are executed from top to bottom. The rule at the top executes first followed by other rules of the same type. For example, if you have When, Show, Enable, and When rules at first, second, third, and fourth positions from top, respectively, the When rule at the top gets executed first followed by the When rule at the fourth position. Then, the Show and Enable rules will be executed.
    You can change the order of a rule by tapping   against it or drag-drop it to the desired order in the list.
  • Edit: To edit a rule, select the check box next to the rule title. Additional options to edit and delete the rule appear. Tap Edit to open the selected rule in the rule editor in visual or code editor mode depending the mode used to create the rule.    
  • Delete: To delete a rule, select the rule and tap Delete.
  • Enable/Disable: You may need to suspend usage of a rule temporarily. You can select one or more rules and tap Disable in the Actions toolbar to disable them.  If a rule is disabled, it does not execute at the runtime. To enable a rule that is disabled, you can select it and tap Enable in the actions toolbar. The status column of the rule displays whether the rule is enabled or disabled.
DisableRule

Copy-paste rules

You can copy-paste a rule from one field to other similar fields to save time.

To copy-paste rules, do the following:

  1. Tap the form object from which you want to copy a rule, and in the component toolbar tap . The rule editor user interface appears with the form object selected and the existing rules appear.

    CopyRule

    For information about managing existing rules, see Manage rules.

  2. Select the check box next to the rule title. Additional options to manage the rule appear. Tap Copy.

    CopyRule2
  3. Select another form object to which you want to paste the rule and tap Paste. Further, you can edit the rule to make changes in it.

    참고:

    You can paste a rule to another form object only if that form object supports the copied rule's event. For example, a button supports the click event. You can paste a rule with a click event to a button but not to a check box.

  4. Tap Done to save the rule.

Nested expressions

Rule editor allows you to use multiple AND and OR operators to create nested rules. You can mix multiple AND and OR operators in rules. 

Following is an example of a nested rule that displays a message to the user about eligibility for a child's custody when the required conditions are met.

ComplexExpression

You can also drag-and-drop conditions within a rule to edit it. Tap and hover over the handle () before a condition. Once the pointer turns into the hand symbol as shown below, drag and drop the condition anywhere within the rule. The rule structure changes.

drag-and-drop

Date expression conditions

Rule editor allows you to use date comparisons to create conditions. 

Following is an example condition that displays a static text object if the mortgage on the house is already taken, which the user signifies by filling up the date field. 

When the date of mortgage of the property as filled in by the user is in the past, the adaptive form displays a note about the income calculation. The following rule compares the date filled in by the user with the current date and if the date filled in by the user is earlier than the current date, the form displays the text message (named Income).

DateExpressionCondition

When filled date is earlier than the current date, the form displays the text message (Income) as following:

DateExpressionConditionMet

Number comparison conditions

Rule editor allows you to create conditions that compare two numbers. 

Following is an example condition that displays a static text object if the number of months an applicant is staying at his current address is less than 36. 

NumberComparisonCondition

When the user signifies that he has been living at his present residential address for less than 36 months, the form displays a notification that additional proof of residence may be requested.  

AdditionalProofRequested

Impact of rule editor on existing scripts

In AEM Forms versions prior to AEM 6.1 Forms feature pack 1, form authors and developers used to write expressions in the Scripts tab of the Edit component dialog to add dynamic behavior to adaptive forms. The Scripts tab is now replaced by the rule editor.

Any scripts or expressions that you must have written in the Scripts tab are available in the rule editor. While you cannot view or edit them in visual editor, if you are a part of the forms-power-users group you can edit scripts in code editor.  

Example rules

Invoke form data model service

Consider a web service GetInterestRates that takes loan amount, tenure, and applicant's credit score as input and returns a loan plan including EMI amount and rate of interest. You create a form data model using the web service as a data source. You add data model objects and a get service to the form model. The service appears in the Services tab of the form data model. Then, create an adaptive form that includes fields from data model objects to capture user inputs for loan amount, tenure, and credit score. Add a button that triggers the web service to fetch plan details. The output is populated in appropriate fields.

The following rule shows how you will configure the Invoke service action to accomplish the example scenario.

example-invoke-services
Invoke form data model service using adaptive form rule

Triggering multiple actions using the When rule

In a loan application form, you want to capture whether the loan applicant is an existing customer or not. Based on the information user provides, the customer ID field should show or hide. Also, you want to set focus on the customer ID field if the user is an existing customer. The loan application form has the following components:

  • A radio button, Are you an existing Geometrixx customer?, which provides Yes and No options. The value for Yes is 0 and No is 1.
  • A text field, Geometrixx customer ID, to specify the customer ID.
When you write a When rule on the radio button to implement this behavior, the rule appears as follows in the visual rule editor.
when-rule-example
Rule in the visual editor

In the example rule, the statement in the When section is the condition, which when returns True, executes the actions specified in the Then section.

The rule appears as follows in the code editor.

when-rule-example-code
Rule in the code editor

Using a function output in a rule

In a purchase order form, you have the following table, in which users will fill in their orders. In this table:

  • The first row is repeatable, so users can order multiple products and specify different quantities. Its element name is Row1.
  • The title of the cell in Product Quantity column of the repeatable row is Quantity. The element name for this cell is productquantity.
  • The second row in the table is non-repeatable and the title of the cell in Product Quantity column in this row is Total Quantity.
example-function-table
A. Row1 B. Quantity C. Total Quantity 

Now, you want to add specified quantities in the Product Quantity column for all products and display the sum in the Total Quantity cell. You can achieve this by writing a Set Value Of rule on the Total Quantity cell as shown below.

example-function-output
Rule in the visual editor

The rule appears as follows in the code editor.

example-function-output-code
Rule in the code editor

Validating a field value using expression

In the purchase order form explained in the previous example, you want to restrict user from ordering more than one quantity of any product that is priced more that 10000. To do this, you can write a Validate rule as shown below. 

example-validate
Rule in the visual editor

The rule appears as follows in the code editor.

example-validate-code
Rule in the code editor

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