Use content-aware technology for object removal.


This sample file is an Adobe Stock asset you can use to practice what you learn in this tutorial. If you want to use the sample file beyond this tutorial, you can purchase a license on Adobe Stock. Check out the ReadMe file in the folder for the terms that apply to your use of this sample file.

What you learned: Use Content-Aware Fill to remove objects

When to use Content-Aware Fill

Content-Aware Fill analyzes the entire image to find the best detail to intelligently replace a selected area, and it gives you tools and controls for fine-tuning the result. This makes it an excellent tool for removing larger objects and people against a complex background.

Begin with a selection

Working with Content-Aware Fill always begins with making a selection.

  1. Use the Lasso tool to select the item in the image you want to remove. Include some overlap into the surrounding area.
  2. Choose Edit > Content-Aware Fill. The Content-Aware workspace opens with a default fill applied.

Get to know the Content-Aware Fill workspace

The left side of the Content-Aware Fill workspace shows a green overlay on the sampling areas, which are the areas that Photoshop considers as it chooses source detail for creating the fill.

In the upper left are tools for modifying the sampling area and your original selection.

The center area of the workspace shows a live preview of the fill, which updates as you make changes to sampling options.

The right side of the workspace offers options for modifying the appearance of the sampling overlay and controls for modifying how the fill is created.

Fine-tune the Content-Aware Fill result

If the default fill isn’t perfect, you can try the following:

  • Use the Sampling Brush Tool and its add or subtract options to add or remove image details used as source material for the fill. Choose the subtract option, and brush over the green overlay to exclude parts of the image from the sampling area. Choose the add option, and brush over areas not covered by the green overlay to include other parts of the image in the sampling area.
  • If there are pattern elements in the scene, try turning on the Scale option.
  • If there are symmetrical elements in an image, try checking the Mirror option.
  • Experiment with the Color Adaptation and Rotation Adaptation controls.
  • Modify the original selection with the Lasso tool and its add or subtract options.

Output and save your work

  • Choose to output your fill to a New Layer for maximum flexibility.
  • Save the result in PSD or TIFF format to retain the layer created by Content-Aware Fill. 

Adobe Stock contributor: xixinxing

Presenter: Seán Duggan

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