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Photoshop 3D | Common questions on discontinued 3D features

  1. Photoshop User Guide
  2. Introduction to Photoshop
    1. Dream it. Make it.
    2. What's new in Photoshop
    3. Edit your first photo
    4. Create documents
    5. Photoshop | Common Questions
    6. Photoshop system requirements
    7. Get to know Photoshop
  3. Photoshop and other Adobe products and services
    1. Work with Illustrator artwork in Photoshop
    2. Work with Photoshop files in InDesign
    3. Substance 3D Materials for Photoshop
    4. Use the Capture in-app extension in Photoshop
  4. Photoshop on the iPad (not available in mainland China)
    1. Photoshop on the iPad | Common questions
    2. Get to know the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the iPad
    4. Create, open, and export documents
    5. Add photos
    6. Work with layers
    7. Draw and paint with brushes
    8. Make selections and add masks
    9. Retouch your composites
    10. Work with adjustment layers
    11. Adjust the tonality of your composite with Curves
    12. Apply transform operations
    13. Crop and rotate your composites
    14. Rotate, pan, zoom, and reset the canvas
    15. Work with Type layers
    16. Work with Photoshop and Lightroom
    17. Get missing fonts in Photoshop on the iPad
    18. Japanese Text in Photoshop on the iPad
    19. Manage app settings
    20. Touch shortcuts and gestures
    21. Keyboard shortcuts
    22. Edit your image size
    23. Livestream as you create in Photoshop on the iPad
    24. Correct imperfections with the Healing Brush
    25. Create brushes in Capture and use them in Photoshop
    26. Work with Camera Raw files
    27. Create and work with Smart Objects
    28. Adjust exposure in your images with Dodge and Burn
  5. Photoshop on the web (not available in mainland China)
    1. Common questions
    2. System requirements
    3. Keyboard shortcuts
    4. Supported file types
    5. Introduction to the workspace
    6. Open and work with cloud documents
    7. Generative AI features
    8. Basic concepts of editing
    9. Quick Actions
    10. Work with layers
    11. Retouch images and remove imperfections
    12. Make quick selections
    13. Image improvements with Adjustment Layers
    14. Move, transform, and crop images
    15. Draw and paint
    16. Work with Type layers
    17. Work with anyone on the web
    18. Manage app settings
  6. Photoshop (beta) (not available in mainland China)
    1. Get started with Creative Cloud Beta apps
    2. Photoshop (beta) on the desktop
  7. Generative AI (not available in mainland China) 
    1. Common questions on generative AI in Photoshop
    2. Generative Fill in Photoshop on the desktop
    3. Generative Expand in Photoshop on the desktop
    4. Generative Fill in Photoshop on the iPad
    5. Generative Expand in Photoshop on the iPad
    6. Generative variations in Photoshop on the iPad
    7. Generative AI features in Photoshop on the web
  8. Content authenticity (not available in mainland China)
    1. Content credentials in Photoshop
    2. Identity and provenance for NFTs
    3. Connect accounts for creative attribution
  9. Cloud documents (not available in mainland China)
    1. Photoshop cloud documents | Common questions
    2. Photoshop cloud documents | Workflow questions
    3. Manage and work with cloud documents in Photoshop
    4. Upgrade cloud storage for Photoshop
    5. Unable to create or save a cloud document
    6. Solve Photoshop cloud document errors
    7. Collect cloud document sync logs
    8. Invite others to edit your cloud documents
    9. Share files and comment in-app
  10. Workspace
    1. Workspace basics
    2. Preferences
    3. Learn faster with the Photoshop Discover Panel
    4. Create documents
    5. Place files
    6. Default keyboard shortcuts
    7. Customize keyboard shortcuts
    8. Tool galleries
    9. Performance preferences
    10. Use tools
    11. Presets
    12. Grid and guides
    13. Touch gestures
    14. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    15. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    16. Technology previews
    17. Metadata and notes
    18. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    19. Place Photoshop images in other applications
    20. Rulers
    21. Show or hide non-printing Extras
    22. Specify columns for an image
    23. Undo and history
    24. Panels and menus
    25. Position elements with snapping
    26. Position with the Ruler tool
  11. Web, screen, and app design
    1. Photoshop for design
    2. Artboards
    3. Device Preview
    4. Copy CSS from layers
    5. Slice web pages
    6. HTML options for slices
    7. Modify slice layout
    8. Work with web graphics
    9. Create web photo galleries
  12. Image and color basics
    1. How to resize images
    2. Work with raster and vector images
    3. Image size and resolution
    4. Acquire images from cameras and scanners
    5. Create, open, and import images
    6. View images
    7. Invalid JPEG Marker error | Opening images
    8. Viewing multiple images
    9. Customize color pickers and swatches
    10. High dynamic range images
    11. Match colors in your image
    12. Convert between color modes
    13. Color modes
    14. Erase parts of an image
    15. Blending modes
    16. Choose colors
    17. Customize indexed color tables
    18. Image information
    19. Distort filters are unavailable
    20. About color
    21. Color and monochrome adjustments using channels
    22. Choose colors in the Color and Swatches panels
    23. Sample
    24. Color mode or Image mode
    25. Color cast
    26. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    27. Add swatches from HTML CSS and SVG
    28. Bit depth and preferences
  13. Layers
    1. Layer basics
    2. Nondestructive editing
    3. Create and manage layers and groups
    4. Select, group, and link layers
    5. Place images into frames
    6. Layer opacity and blending
    7. Mask layers
    8. Apply Smart Filters
    9. Layer comps
    10. Move, stack, and lock layers
    11. Mask layers with vector masks
    12. Manage layers and groups
    13. Layer effects and styles
    14. Edit layer masks
    15. Extract assets
    16. Reveal layers with clipping masks
    17. Generate image assets from layers
    18. Work with Smart Objects
    19. Blending modes
    20. Combine multiple images into a group portrait
    21. Combine images with Auto-Blend Layers
    22. Align and distribute layers
    23. Copy CSS from layers
    24. Load selections from a layer or layer mask's boundaries
    25. Knockout to reveal content from other layers
  14. Selections
    1. Get started with selections
    2. Make selections in your composite
    3. Select and Mask workspace
    4. Select with the marquee tools
    5. Select with the lasso tools
    6. Adjust pixel selections
    7. Move, copy, and delete selected pixels
    8. Create a temporary quick mask
    9. Select a color range in an image
    10. Convert between paths and selection borders
    11. Channel basics
    12. Save selections and alpha channel masks
    13. Select the image areas in focus
    14. Duplicate, split, and merge channels
    15. Channel calculations
  15. Image adjustments
    1. Replace object colors
    2. Perspective warp
    3. Reduce camera shake blurring
    4. Healing brush examples
    5. Export color lookup tables
    6. Adjust image sharpness and blur
    7. Understand color adjustments
    8. Apply a Brightness/Contrast adjustment
    9. Adjust shadow and highlight detail
    10. Levels adjustment
    11. Adjust hue and saturation
    12. Adjust vibrance
    13. Adjust color saturation in image areas
    14. Make quick tonal adjustments
    15. Apply special color effects to images
    16. Enhance your image with color balance adjustments
    17. High dynamic range images
    18. View histograms and pixel values
    19. Match colors in your image
    20. Crop and straighten photos
    21. Convert a color image to black and white
    22. Adjustment and fill layers
    23. Curves adjustment
    24. Blending modes
    25. Target images for press
    26. Adjust color and tone with Levels and Curves eyedroppers
    27. Adjust HDR exposure and toning
    28. Dodge or burn image areas
    29. Make selective color adjustments
  16. Adobe Camera Raw
    1. Camera Raw system requirements
    2. What's new in Camera Raw
    3. Introduction to Camera Raw
    4. Create panoramas
    5. Supported lenses
    6. Vignette, grain, and dehaze effects in Camera Raw
    7. Default keyboard shortcuts
    8. Automatic perspective correction in Camera Raw
    9. Radial Filter in Camera Raw
    10. Manage Camera Raw settings
    11. Open, process, and save images in Camera Raw
    12. Repair images with the Enhanced Spot Removal tool in Camera Raw
    13. Rotate, crop, and adjust images
    14. Adjust color rendering in Camera Raw
    15. Process versions in Camera Raw
    16. Make local adjustments in Camera Raw
  17. Image repair and restoration
    1. Remove objects from your photos with Content-Aware Fill
    2. Content-Aware Patch and Move
    3. Retouch and repair photos
    4. Correct image distortion and noise
    5. Basic troubleshooting steps to fix most issues
  18. Image enhancement and transformation
    1. Replace sky in your images
    2. Transform objects
    3. Adjust crop, rotation, and canvas size
    4. How to crop and straighten photos
    5. Create and edit panoramic images
    6. Warp images, shapes, and paths
    7. Vanishing Point
    8. Content-aware scaling
    9. Transform images, shapes, and paths
  19. Drawing and painting
    1. Paint symmetrical patterns
    2. Draw rectangles and modify stroke options
    3. About drawing
    4. Draw and edit shapes
    5. Painting tools
    6. Create and modify brushes
    7. Blending modes
    8. Add color to paths
    9. Edit paths
    10. Paint with the Mixer Brush
    11. Brush presets
    12. Gradients
    13. Gradient interpolation
    14. Fill and stroke selections, layers, and paths
    15. Draw with the Pen tools
    16. Create patterns
    17. Generate a pattern using the Pattern Maker
    18. Manage paths
    19. Manage pattern libraries and presets
    20. Draw or paint with a graphics tablet
    21. Create textured brushes
    22. Add dynamic elements to brushes
    23. Gradient
    24. Paint stylized strokes with the Art History Brush
    25. Paint with a pattern
    26. Sync presets on multiple devices
    27. Migrate presets, actions, and settings
  20. Text
    1. Add and edit the text
    2. Unified Text Engine
    3. Work with OpenType SVG fonts
    4. Format characters
    5. Format paragraphs
    6. How to create type effects
    7. Edit text
    8. Line and character spacing
    9. Arabic and Hebrew type
    10. Fonts
    11. Troubleshoot fonts
    12. Asian type
    13. Create type
  21. Filters and effects
    1. Use the Liquify filter
    2. Use the Blur Gallery
    3. Filter basics
    4. Filter effects reference
    5. Add Lighting Effects
    6. Use the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
    7. Use the Oil Paint filter
    8. Use the Liquify filter
    9. Layer effects and styles
    10. Apply specific filters
    11. Smudge image areas
  22. Saving and exporting
    1. Save your files in Photoshop
    2. Export your files in Photoshop
    3. Supported file formats
    4. Save files in graphics formats
    5. Move designs between Photoshop and Illustrator
    6. Save and export video and animations
    7. Save PDF files
    8. Digimarc copyright protection
  23. Color Management
    1. Understanding color management
    2. Keeping colors consistent
    3. Color settings
    4. Duotones
    5. Work with color profiles
    6. Color-managing documents for online viewing
    7. Color-managing documents when printing
    8. Color-managing imported images
    9. Proofing colors
  24. Web, screen, and app design
    1. Photoshop for design
    2. Artboards
    3. Device Preview
    4. Copy CSS from layers
    5. Slice web pages
    6. HTML options for slices
    7. Modify slice layout
    8. Work with web graphics
    9. Create web photo galleries
  25. Video and animation
    1. Video editing in Photoshop
    2. Edit video and animation layers
    3. Video and animation overview
    4. Preview video and animations
    5. Paint frames in video layers
    6. Import video files and image sequences
    7. Create frame animations
    8. Creative Cloud 3D Animation (Preview)
    9. Create timeline animations
    10. Create images for video
  26. Printing
    1. Print 3D objects
    2. Print from Photoshop
    3. Print with color management
    4. Contact Sheets and PDF Presentations
    5. Print photos in a picture package layout
    6. Print spot colors
    7. Print images to a commercial printing press
    8. Improve color prints from Photoshop
    9. Troubleshoot printing problems | Photoshop
  27. Automation
    1. Creating actions
    2. Create data-driven graphics
    3. Scripting
    4. Process a batch of files
    5. Play and manage actions
    6. Add conditional actions
    7. About actions and the Actions panel
    8. Record tools in actions
    9. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    10. Photoshop UI toolkit for plug-ins and scripts
  28. Troubleshooting
    1. Fixed issues 
    2. Known issues
    3. Optimize Photoshop performance
    4. Basic troubleshooting
    5. Troubleshoot crash or freeze
    6. Troubleshoot program errors
    7. Troubleshoot scratch disk full errors
    8. Troubleshoot GPU and graphics driver issues
    9. Find missing tools
    10. Photoshop 3D | Common questions around discontinued features

Find answers to frequently asked questions around discontinued 3D features in Photoshop

To know more about the known issues related to 3D features in Photoshop, see Photoshop 3D known issues.

Why are Photoshop’s 3D features being discontinued? 

For technical reasons, Photoshop’s 3D feature set will not reliably work in modern operating systems, and as of Photoshop 22.5, we are beginning the process of removing those features. The warning message will appear once a week if 3D features are used. You can reset Preferences to see the warning message again and follow the Learn More link to this article.

3D deprecation warning message

Over the course of the last 25 years, specialized, dedicated video hardware (Graphics Processing Units, or, GPUs) evolved from the novel, expensive gaming hardware in the mid to late 1990s to first-class elements in virtually all of today’s modern personal computers. The design of the GPU made it ideal for rendering certain kinds of graphics very fast, and gaming and 3D software quickly shifted ‘work’ from the CPU to the GPU to make use of this extra processing power. 

Photoshop’s embrace of the GPU was made practical only through the emergence of a common GPU software interface (called Open GL) that offered standard methods for using GPUs across both Macintosh and Windows systems. OpenGL was at the heart of Photoshop’s first 3D features introduced over 10 years ago, first as a special benefit of ‘Photoshop Extended’, then later incorporated into every Creative Cloud subscription for Photoshop.

Over time, increasing hardware capabilities and customizations have exceeded the limits of those original, cross-platform APIs, and now ‘native’ GPU APIs for Windows (Direct X) and Macintosh (Metal) offers better stability and performance than the older generation of APIs.

With this transition to newer native APIs, together with the recent reboot of 3D tooling at Adobe featuring the Substance line of 3D products, the time has come to retire Photoshop’s legacy 3D feature set, and look to the future of how Photoshop and the Substance products will work together to bring the best of modern 2D and 3D to life across Adobe’s products on the more stable native GPU APIs.

How can I exit the 3D workspace in Photoshop?

To easily move out of the 3D workspace in Photoshop, go to Window > Workspace and select Essentials which is the default workspace. 

Exit 3D mode in Photoshop
Exit 3D workspace in Photoshop

What if I absolutely have to use the latest version of Photoshop along with the 3D features that are being removed? 

For a short time, a Technology Preview preference can be used to emulate the last known working state for 3D features. Go to Photoshop > Preferences > Technology Previews and check the box “Deactivate Native Canvas”, and restart Photoshop. Note that this operating mode is increasingly unreliable in modern operating systems, and we recommend using Photoshop version 22.2 (from February 2021) if you need more stable performance with Photoshop’s 3D features. 

What will the future of 3D in Photoshop look like? 

Currently, we don't have any concrete plans to introduce advanced 3D features back in Photoshop.

What are the alternate options for 3D features at Adobe?

The Substance line of 3D products offer state-of-the-art 3D creation tools, and Photoshop’s image processing, compositing and layer-based documents and interface make it the ideal tool for compositing content from other Adobe applications.

We encourage anyone interested in 3D to check out Adobe's exciting line of Substance products:

What specific features will be affected as part of the 3D deprecation in Photoshop? 

At the heart of this transition is the removal of the core 3D engine within Photoshop, which results in the removal of the following features:

  • All interactions in the 3D workspace

  • 3D printing

  • Normal Map and Bump Map filters (including smart objects with those filters applied)

  • Lighting Effects

  • Any/all extrusions, including text extrusions

  • Spherical Panorama editing and support (Note that non-3D panoramic stitching, available under 'Automate > Photomerge', will continue to work, but 3D > Spherical Panorama will not)

  • Import/Export of all 3D formats

Why doesn't my 3D text appear correctly when using the 3D Type button in Photoshop?

Rendering of all 3D content, including 3D Type, is not working and the feature will be discontinued in the near future. To continue to work with 3D Type feature:

  • Use the Tech Preview option for overriding Photoshop’s native canvas mode to continue to use the 3D features, as a workaround. Go to Preferences > Technology Previews, and check the item Deactivate Native Canvas, then restart Photoshop.
  • Use Photoshop 22.2.

Can I continue to use my Photoshop files that contain 3D content? 

Photoshop files will continue to open in current and future versions of Photoshop, however direct interaction with 3D layers will force that layer to be rasterized, effectively ‘baking’ the layer pixels in place. The resolution of the rasterized layer will match the resolution of the document when it was saved from a version of Photoshop that includes the 3D renderer. 

What version of Photoshop can I use if I still want to use 3D features? 

We recommend using Photoshop 22.2 if you continue to need access to Photoshop 3D features. That version will remain accessible to you in the Creative Cloud Desktop application for installation for up to two years from August 2021 (however, the operating system requirements for 22.2 will remain as they were in February 2021 when it was originally released). 

Can I install two versions of Photoshop on my computer at the same time?

Only one version of Photoshop 22.x can be installed at any given time. You can easily install the current version (23.x or later) and 22.2 or whichever 22.x version you prefer, and toggle between versions.

Can I use Photoshop 22.5 or later to make some edits to files with 3D layers, but then go back to 22.2 to modify just the 3D layers? 

If you do not rasterize the 3D layer, it remains fully editable using Photoshop 22.2, even if the file was opened and non-3D layers were edited using a later version of Photoshop. 

Can I export my Photoshop 3D content into one of Adobe’s other tools? 

Stager, and Substance .obj files. Additionally, Stager supports .stl which can be exported from Photoshop 22.4 and earlier. 

Photoshop 3D known issues


Unsupported file formats

  • Support for importing, manipulating, or exporting Acrobat files with 3D layers (including PRC and IGES formats) is now removed from Photoshop.
  • Files including linked or embedded PRC or IGES formatted content may still be opened in Photoshop, but the formerly 3D layer will be handled as a regular pixel layer.
  • Any actions that interact with PRC or IGES content will now fail with an error message: "Could not complete the command because Photoshop does not recognize this type of file".


These and additional 3D features will be permanently removed from Photoshop in the coming months. Review Adobe Substance products for their state-of-the-art 3D solutions to see if they can replace or augment your 3D tooling needs.

Photoshop crashes while clicking on Filter>3D> Generate bump (height) map.

We recommend using Photoshop version 22.2 (from February 2021) if you need more stable performance with Photoshop’s 3D features.

Photoshop may crash after closing a 3D document without saving.

Restore Photoshop's preferences to default and try again.

In Photoshop 22.4 (May 2021), use of 3D features (Text extrusion, Lighting Effects, Normal Map and Bump Map filters) may not update the screen properly or render the correct results.  

We recommend using the Tech Preview option for overriding Photoshop’s native canvas mode to continue to use the 3D features.

Go to Preferences > Technology Previews, and check the item Deactivate Native Canvas, then restart Photoshop. 

In Photoshop 22.4 (May 2021), you may notice irregular color artifacts in your 3D document.

This could happen if you create or edit a document while using the Deactivate Native Canvas override, then switch back to normal mode to view the file. The color artifact is not saved to the file and is only a display aberration. 

Turn off/on visibility of that layer to reset it.

In Photoshop 21.1, 3D shadows are only partly rendered.

  1. Select the mesh group. 
  2. In the Properties panel, click Reset All. 
  3. Select a 3D Camera tool and move the camera.
  4. Render the 3D model again.  

In Photoshop 20.x and higher:

  • OpenGL on canvas  > Model may look different.
  • Material model > Model may render different.

The 3D Material model in Photoshop has changed and it is transitioning to the 3D material model used by Substance and Dimension

  • OpenGL on canvas  > Model may look different.
  • Material model > Model may render different.

The Ray Tracer has not changed, however, the material model has changed and Photoshop tries to match previous versions as close as possible. However, there will be files that will no longer look the same because how Photoshop handles certain materials differently.

For example > Photoshop went from Specular-Glossiness to Metal -Roughness

Photoshop is moving to Physically Based Rendering (PBR) > this is a method of shading and rendering that provides a more accurate representation of how light interacts with surfaces.

To make a Reflection in previous versions you just had to move the Reflection slider to 100%.

For current Photoshop in 2019 and above you need to move the Metallic slider to 100% and move the Roughness slider to 0% for full 100% Reflectivity.

Illumination is gone but Glow is now included. 

These visual changes are expected with the changes to the Material Model.

3D volume feature producing incorrect results for text layers.

The issue is intermittent and related to GPU resources. Try restarting your computer.


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