You can play content in the following ways:
In Internet browsers that are equipped with Flash Player
As a stand-alone application called a projector
With the Flash ActiveX control in Microsoft Office and other ActiveX hosts
With Flash Xtra in Director® and Authorware® from Adobe®
By default, the Publish command creates a Flash Pro SWF file and an HTML document that inserts your Flash Pro content in a browser window. The Publish command also creates and copies detection files for Macromedia Flash 4 from Adobe and later. If you change publish settings, Flash Pro saves the changes with the document. After you create a publish profile, export it to use in other documents or for others working on the same project to use.
When you use the Publish, Test Movie, or Debug Movie commands, Flash creates a SWF file from your FLA file. You can view the sizes of all the SWF files created from the current FLA file in the Document Property inspector.
Flash® Player 6 and later support Unicode text encoding. With Unicode support, users can view multilanguage text, regardless of the language that the operating system running the player uses.
You can publish the FLA file in alternative file formats—GIF, JPEG, and PNG —with the HTML needed to display them in the browser window. Alternative formats allow a browser to show your SWF file animation and interactivity for users who don’t have the targeted Adobe Flash Player installed. When you publish a Flash Pro document (FLA file) in alternative file formats, the settings for each file format are stored with the FLA file.
You can export the FLA file in several formats, similar to publishing FLA files in alternative file formats, except that the settings for each file format are not stored with the FLA file.
Alternatively, create a custom HTML document with any HTML editor and include the tags required to display a SWF file.
To test how the SWF file works before you publish your SWF file, use Test Movie (Control > Test Movie > Test) and Test Scene (Control > Test Scene).
In Flash Professional CS5, when you set the Flash Player target to Flash Player 10 in the Publish Settings, the target is actually Flash Player 10.1.
The following video tutorials describe the Flash Pro publishing and deployment process. Some videos show Flash Pro CS3 or CS4, but still apply to Flash Pro CS5.
Publishing FLA files with Flash Player version detection (4:55) (CS3) (This video mentions the Active Content issue that arose with Microsoft Internet Explorer 6. This issue was resolved in Internet Explorer 7.)
You need an HTML document to play a SWF file in a web browser and specify browser settings. To display a SWF file in a web browser, an HTML document must use the object and embed tags with the proper parameters.
You can generate an HTML document using the correct object and embed tags using the Publish Settings dialog box, and selecting the HTML option. For more information, see Specify publish settings for HTML documents .
Detecting whether Flash Player is present
In order for your published Flash Pro content to be seen by Web users, Flash Player must be installed in their Web browser.
The following resources and articles provide up-to-date information about how to add code to your web pages to determine if Flash Player is installed and provide alternative content in the page if it is not.
Flash Player Detection Kit (Adobe.com)
Adobe Flash Player version checking protocol (Adobe.com)
Future-Proofing Flash Player Detection Scripts (Adobe.com)
Experiencing Flash Player Express Install (Adobe.com)
Publishing for mobile devices
Adobe® AIR® for Android® and iOS® lets Flash Pro users create engaging content for mobile devices using the ActionScript® scripting language, drawing tools, and templates. For detailed information on authoring for mobile devices, see the AIR Developer Reference and the Content Development Kits in the Mobile and Devices Development Center.
Depending on the mobile device for which you are developing, certain restrictions can apply as to which ActionScript commands and sound formats are supported. For more details, see Mobile Articles on the Mobile and Devices Development Center.
Flash Pro also includes a Mobile Content Simulator, a way to test content created with Adobe AIR in an emulated Android or iOS environment. With the Mobile Content Simulator, you can use the Control > Test Movie command to test your Flash file in the AIR Debug Launcher for Mobile, which in turn launches the simulator.
Once the simulator window is opened, you can send input to the Flash file as if it were running on a mobile device. The inputs available include:
- Accelerometer, X, Y, and Z axes
- Orientation threshold angle
- Touch and gestures, including pressure sensitivity
- Geolocation, direction, and velocity
- Hardware keys (found on Android devices)
Publishing secure Flash documents
Flash Player 8 and later contain the following features that help you ensure the security of your Flash Pro documents:
Enabled automatically, this feature prevents the intentional misuse of external files in a Flash Pro document to overwrite a user’s memory or insert destructive code such as a virus. This prevents a document from reading or writing data outside the document’s designated memory space on a user’s system.
Flash Player 7 and later enforce a stricter security model than earlier versions. The security model changed in two primary ways between Flash Player 6 and Flash Player 7:
Exact domain matching
Flash Player 6 lets SWF files from similar domains (for example, www.adobe.com and store.adobe.com) communicate freely with each other and with other documents. In Flash Player 7, the domain of the data to be accessed must match the data provider’s domain exactly for the domains to communicate.
A SWF file that loads by using nonsecure (non-HTTPS) protocols cannot access content loaded by using a secure (HTTPS) protocol, even when both protocols are in exactly the same domain.
For more information about ensuring that content performs as expected with the new security model, see Understanding security in Learning ActionScript 2.0 in Adobe Flash.
Flash Player 8 and later include a security model that lets you determine the local and network playback security for SWF files that you publish. By default, SWF files are granted read access to local files and networks. However, a SWF file with local access cannot communicate with the network, and the SWF file cannot send files or information to any networks.
Allow SWF files to access network resources, letting the SWF file send and receive data. If you grant the SWF file access to network resources, local access is disabled, protecting information on the local computer from potentially being uploaded to the network.
To select the local or network playback security model for your published SWF files, use the Publish Settings dialog box.
Flash Player plays Flash Pro content in the same way as it appears in a web browser or an ActiveX host application. Flash Pro Player is installed with the Flash Pro application. When you double-click Flash Pro content, the operating system starts Flash Player, which then plays the SWF file. Use the player to make Flash Pro content viewable for users who aren’t using a web browser or an ActiveX host application.
To control Flash Pro content in Flash Player, use menu commands and the fscommand() function. For more information, see Sending messages to and from Flash Player in Learning ActionScript 2.0 in Adobe Flash.
Use the Flash Player context menu to print Flash Pro content frames.
Update or Reinstall Flash Player
If you are having trouble with your Flash Player installation, you can update or reinstall it. You can go to the Flash Player download page directly from Flash Pro by choosing Help > Get Latest Flash Player.
If you prefer to uninstall Flash Player first, follow these steps:
To begin the installation, visit http://www.adobe.com/go/getflashplayer.
Follow the on-screen instructions to install the player.
You can also run one of the following installers in your Players folder. However, the installer on the Adobe website is usually more up to date than those in the Players folder.
- For the ActiveX control for Windows® (Internet Explorer or AOL), run the Install Flash Player 9 AX.exe file.
- For the plug‑in for Windows (Firefox, Mozilla, Netscape, Safari, or Opera), run the Install Flash Player 9.exe file.
- For the plug‑in for Macintosh® (AOL, Firefox, Internet Explorer for Macintosh, Netscape, Opera, or Safari), run Install Flash Player 10 (Mac OS 9.x) or Install Flash Player 10 OS X (Mac OS X.x).
To verify the installation visit http://www.adobe.com/shockwave/welcome/ from within your web browser.
Configure a server for Flash Player
For users to view your Flash Pro content on the web, the web server must be properly configured to recognize SWF files.
Your server may already be configured properly. To test server configuration, see TechNote 4151 on the Adobe Flash Support Center at www.adobe.com/go/tn_4151.
Configuring a server establishes the appropriate Multipart Internet Mail Extension (MIME) types so that the server can identify files with the .swf extension as Flash Pro files.
A browser that receives the correct MIME type can load the appropriate plug‑in, control, or helper application to process and properly display the incoming data. If the MIME type is missing or not properly delivered by the server, the browser might display an error message or a blank window with a puzzle-piece icon.
If your site is established through an Internet service provider (ISP), ask the ISP to add this MIME type to the server: application/x-shockwave-flash with the .swf extension.
If you are administering your own server, see your web server documentation for instructions on adding or configuring MIME types.
Corporate and enterprise system administrators can configure Flash Pro to restrict Flash Player access to resources in the local file system. Create a security configuration file that limits Flash Player functionality on the local system.
The security configuration file is a text file placed in the same folder as the Flash Player installer. The Flash Player installer reads the configuration file during installation and follows its security directives. Flash Player uses the System object to expose the configuration file to ActionScript.
With the configuration file, disable Flash Player access to the camera or microphone, limit the amount of local storage Flash Player can use, control the auto-update feature, and block Flash Player from reading anything from the user’s local hard disk.
For more information about security, see System in ActionScript 2.0 Language Reference.
When a web server accesses files, the server must properly identify the files as Flash Pro content to display them. If the MIME type is missing or not properly delivered by the server, the browser can show error messages or a blank window with a puzzle-piece icon.
If your server is not properly configured, you (or your server’s administrator) must add the SWF file MIME types to the server’s configuration files and associate the following MIME types with the SWF file extensions:
MIME type application/x-shockwave-flash has the .swf file extension.
MIME type application/futuresplash has the .spl file extension.
If you are administering a server, consult your server software documentation for instructions on adding or configuring MIME types. If you are not administering a server, contact your Internet service provider, web master, or server administrator to add the MIME type information.
If your site is on a Mac OS server, you must also set the following parameters: Action: Binary; Type: SWFL; and Creator: SWF2.
Search engine optimization for Flash content
In mid-2008, Adobe announced a significant advance in Flash Player technology that allows the text content inside SWF files to be indexed by search engines such as Google and Yahoo!. There are a variety of strategies you can employ to optimize the visibility of your SWF content to search engines. These practices as a whole are referred to as search engine optimization (SEO).
Adobe has added a SEO Technology Center to the Developer Connection section of Adobe.com. The SEO Technology Center contains the following articles that detail some of the techniques you can use to increase the visibility of your SWF files to internet searches:
About Omniture and Flash
Flash content can be integrated with Omniture SiteCatalyst and Omniture Test&Target. SiteCatalyst helps marketers quickly identify the most profitable paths through their website, determine where visitors are navigating away from their site, and identify critical success metrics for online marketing campaigns. Test&Target gives marketers the capability to continually make their online content more relevant to their customers. Test&Target provides an interface for designing and executing tests, creating audience segments and targeting content.
Omniture customers can use SiteCatalyst and Test&Target with Flash by downloading and installing the Omniture Extension pack.