1. Photoshop User Guide
  2. Introduction to Photoshop
    1. Dream it. Make it.
    2. What's new in Photoshop
    3. Edit your first photo
    4. Create documents
    5. Photoshop | Common Questions
    6. Photoshop system requirements
    7. Migrate presets, actions, and settings
    8. Get to know Photoshop
  3. Photoshop and Adobe services
    1. Photoshop and Adobe Stock
    2. Creative Cloud Libraries
    3. Creative Cloud Libraries in Photoshop
    4. Grid and guides
    5. Creating actions
    6. Undo and history
    7. Default keyboard shortcuts
    8. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    9. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    10. Use the Capture in-app extension in Photoshop
  4. Photoshop on the iPad
    1. Photoshop on the iPad | Common questions
    2. Get to know the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the iPad
    4. Create, open, and export cloud documents
    5. Add photos
    6. Work with layers
    7. Draw and paint with brushes
    8. Make selections and add masks
    9. Retouch your composites
    10. Work with adjustment layers
    11. Adjust the tonality of your composite with Curves
    12. Apply transform operations
    13. Crop and rotate your composites
    14. Rotate, pan, zoom, and reset the canvas
    15. Work with Type layers
    16. Work with Photoshop and Lightroom
    17. Get missing fonts in Photoshop on the iPad
    18. Japanese Text in Photoshop on the iPad
    19. Manage app settings
    20. Touch shortcuts and gestures
    21. Keyboard shortcuts
    22. System requirements 1.x | Photoshop on the iPad
    23. System requirements 2.x | Photoshop on the iPad
    24. Edit your image size
    25. Livestream as you create in Photoshop on the iPad
    26. Correct imperfections with the Healing Brush
    27. Create brushes in Capture and use them in Photoshop
  5. Photoshop on the web
    1. Photoshop on the web | Common questions    
    2. Introduction to the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the web
    4. Keyboard shortcuts | Photoshop on the web
    5. Supported file types | Photoshop on the web
    6. Open and work with cloud documents
    7. Collaborate with stakeholders
    8. Apply limited edits to your cloud documents
  6. Cloud documents
    1. Photoshop cloud documents | Common questions
    2. Photoshop cloud documents | Workflow questions
    3. Manage and work with cloud documents in Photoshop
    4. Upgrade cloud storage for Photoshop
    5. Unable to create or save a cloud document
    6. Solve Photoshop cloud document errors
    7. Collect cloud document sync logs
    8. Share access and edit your cloud documents
  7. Workspace
    1. Workspace basics
    2. Create documents
    3. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    4. Microsoft Dial support in Photoshop
    5. Tool galleries
    6. Performance preferences
    7. Use tools
    8. Touch gestures
    9. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    10. Technology previews
    11. Metadata and notes
    12. Quickly share your creations
    13. Place Photoshop images in other applications
    14. Preferences
    15. Default keyboard shortcuts
    16. Rulers
    17. Show or hide non-printing Extras
    18. Specify columns for an image
    19. Undo and history
    20. Panels and menus
    21. Place files
    22. Position elements with snapping
    23. Position with the Ruler tool
    24. Presets
    25. Customize keyboard shortcuts
    26. Grid and guides
  8. Web, screen, and app design
    1. Photoshop for design
    2. Artboards
    3. Export files in Photoshop
    4. Device Preview
    5. Copy CSS from layers
    6. Slice web pages
    7. HTML options for slices
    8. Modify slice layout
    9. Work with web graphics
    10. Create web photo galleries
  9. Image and color basics
    1. How to resize images
    2. Work with raster and vector images
    3. Image size and resolution
    4. Acquire images from cameras and scanners
    5. Create, open, and import images
    6. View images
    7. Invalid JPEG Marker error | Opening images
    8. Viewing multiple images
    9. Customize color pickers and swatches
    10. High dynamic range images
    11. Match colors in your image
    12. Convert between color modes
    13. Color modes
    14. Erase parts of an image
    15. Blending modes
    16. Choose colors
    17. Customize indexed color tables
    18. Image information
    19. Distort filters are unavailable
    20. About color
    21. Color and monochrome adjustments using channels
    22. Choose colors in the Color and Swatches panels
    23. Sample
    24. Color mode or Image mode
    25. Color cast
    26. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    27. Add swatches from HTML CSS and SVG
    28. Bit depth and preferences
  10. Layers
    1. Layer basics
    2. Nondestructive editing
    3. Create and manage layers and groups
    4. Select, group, and link layers
    5. Place images into frames
    6. Layer opacity and blending
    7. Mask layers
    8. Apply Smart Filters
    9. Layer comps
    10. Move, stack, and lock layers
    11. Mask layers with vector masks
    12. Manage layers and groups
    13. Layer effects and styles
    14. Edit layer masks
    15. Extract assets
    16. Reveal layers with clipping masks
    17. Generate image assets from layers
    18. Work with Smart Objects
    19. Blending modes
    20. Combine multiple images into a group portrait
    21. Combine images with Auto-Blend Layers
    22. Align and distribute layers
    23. Copy CSS from layers
    24. Load selections from a layer or layer mask's boundaries
    25. Knockout to reveal content from other layers
    26. Layer
    27. Flattening
    28. Composite
    29. Background
  11. Selections
    1. Select and Mask workspace
    2. Make quick selections
    3. Get started with selections
    4. Select with the marquee tools
    5. Select with the lasso tools
    6. Select a color range in an image
    7. Adjust pixel selections
    8. Convert between paths and selection borders
    9. Channel basics
    10. Move, copy, and delete selected pixels
    11. Create a temporary quick mask
    12. Save selections and alpha channel masks
    13. Select the image areas in focus
    14. Duplicate, split, and merge channels
    15. Channel calculations
    16. Selection
    17. Bounding box
  12. Image adjustments
    1. Perspective warp
    2. Reduce camera shake blurring
    3. Healing brush examples
    4. Export color lookup tables
    5. Adjust image sharpness and blur
    6. Understand color adjustments
    7. Apply a Brightness/Contrast adjustment
    8. Adjust shadow and highlight detail
    9. Levels adjustment
    10. Adjust hue and saturation
    11. Adjust vibrance
    12. Adjust color saturation in image areas
    13. Make quick tonal adjustments
    14. Apply special color effects to images
    15. Enhance your image with color balance adjustments
    16. High dynamic range images
    17. View histograms and pixel values
    18. Match colors in your image
    19. How to crop and straighten photos
    20. Convert a color image to black and white
    21. Adjustment and fill layers
    22. Curves adjustment
    23. Blending modes
    24. Target images for press
    25. Adjust color and tone with Levels and Curves eyedroppers
    26. Adjust HDR exposure and toning
    27. Filter
    28. Blur
    29. Dodge or burn image areas
    30. Make selective color adjustments
    31. Replace object colors
  13. Adobe Camera Raw
    1. Camera Raw system requirements
    2. What's new in Camera Raw
    3. Introduction to Camera Raw
    4. Create panoramas
    5. Supported lenses
    6. Vignette, grain, and dehaze effects in Camera Raw
    7. Default keyboard shortcuts
    8. Automatic perspective correction in Camera Raw
    9. How to make non-destructive edits in Camera Raw
    10. Radial Filter in Camera Raw
    11. Manage Camera Raw settings
    12. Open, process, and save images in Camera Raw
    13. Repair images with the Enhanced Spot Removal tool in Camera Raw
    14. Rotate, crop, and adjust images
    15. Adjust color rendering in Camera Raw
    16. Feature summary | Adobe Camera Raw | 2018 releases
    17. New features summary
    18. Process versions in Camera Raw
    19. Make local adjustments in Camera Raw
  14. Image repair and restoration
    1. Remove objects from your photos with Content-Aware Fill
    2. Content-Aware Patch and Move
    3. Retouch and repair photos
    4. Correct image distortion and noise
    5. Basic troubleshooting steps to fix most issues
  15. Image transformations
    1. Transform objects
    2. Adjust crop, rotation, and canvas size
    3. How to crop and straighten photos
    4. Create and edit panoramic images
    5. Warp images, shapes, and paths
    6. Vanishing Point
    7. Use the Liquify filter
    8. Content-aware scaling
    9. Transform images, shapes, and paths
    10. Warp
    11. Transform
    12. Panorama
  16. Drawing and painting
    1. Paint symmetrical patterns
    2. Draw rectangles and modify stroke options
    3. About drawing
    4. Draw and edit shapes
    5. Painting tools
    6. Create and modify brushes
    7. Blending modes
    8. Add color to paths
    9. Edit paths
    10. Paint with the Mixer Brush
    11. Brush presets
    12. Gradients
    13. Fill and stroke selections, layers, and paths
    14. Draw with the Pen tools
    15. Create patterns
    16. Generate a pattern using the Pattern Maker
    17. Manage paths
    18. Manage pattern libraries and presets
    19. Draw or paint with a graphics tablet
    20. Create textured brushes
    21. Add dynamic elements to brushes
    22. Gradient
    23. Paint stylized strokes with the Art History Brush
    24. Paint with a pattern
    25. Sync presets on multiple devices
  17. Text
    1. Work with OpenType SVG fonts
    2. Format characters
    3. Format paragraphs
    4. How to create type effects
    5. Edit text
    6. Line and character spacing
    7. Arabic and Hebrew type
    8. Fonts
    9. Troubleshoot fonts
    10. Asian type
    11. Create type
    12. Text Engine error using Type tool in Photoshop | Windows 8
    13. World-Ready composer for Asian Scripts
    14. How to add and edit text in Photoshop
  18. Video and animation
    1. Video editing in Photoshop
    2. Edit video and animation layers
    3. Video and animation overview
    4. Preview video and animations
    5. Paint frames in video layers
    6. Import video files and image sequences
    7. Create frame animations
    8. Creative Cloud 3D Animation (Preview)
    9. Create timeline animations
    10. Create images for video
  19. Filters and effects
    1. Use the Liquify filter
    2. Use the Blur Gallery
    3. Filter basics
    4. Filter effects reference
    5. Add Lighting Effects
    6. Use the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
    7. Use the Oil Paint filter
    8. Layer effects and styles
    9. Apply specific filters
    10. Smudge image areas
  20. Saving and exporting
    1. Save files in graphics formats
    2. Save your files in Photoshop
    3. File formats
    4. Save and export video and animations
    5. Save PDF files
    6. Digimarc copyright protection
  21. Printing
    1. Print 3D objects
    2. Print from Photoshop
    3. Print with color management
    4. Contact Sheets and PDF Presentations
    5. Print photos in a picture package layout
    6. Print spot colors
    7. Duotones
    8. Print images to a commercial printing press
    9. Improve color prints from Photoshop
    10. Troubleshoot printing problems | Photoshop
  22. Automation
    1. Creating actions
    2. Create data-driven graphics
    3. Scripting
    4. Process a batch of files
    5. Play and manage actions
    6. Add conditional actions
    7. About actions and the Actions panel
    8. Record tools in actions
    9. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    10. Photoshop UI toolkit for plug-ins and scripts
  23. 3D and technical imaging
    1. Creative Cloud 3D Animation (Preview)
    2. Print 3D objects
    3. 3D painting
    4. 3D panel enhancements | Photoshop
    5. Essential 3D concepts and tools
    6. 3D rendering and saving
    7. Create 3D objects and animations
    8. Image stacks
    9. 3D workflow
    10. Measurement
    11. DICOM files
    12. Photoshop and MATLAB
    13. Count objects in an image
    14. Combine and convert 3D objects
    15. 3D texture editing
    16. Adjust HDR exposure and toning
    17. 3D panel settings
  24. Color Management
    1. Understanding color management
    2. Keeping colors consistent
    3. Color settings
    4. Work with color profiles
    5. Color-managing documents for online viewing
    6. Color-managing documents when printing
    7. Color-managing imported images
    8. Proofing colors
Photoshop Artboards
Artboards for different devices on the same canvas

If you are a web or UX designer, you increasingly find yourself designing websites or apps for multiple devices. Artboards help streamline your design process by giving you an infinite canvas on which you can lay out designs for different devices and screens. While creating artboards, you can choose from a wide variety of preset sizes or define your own custom artboard size.

Artboards are useful even if you normally design for just one screen size. For example, while designing a website, you can use artboards to view designs for different pages side-by-side and in context. 


Artboards are optimized for the RGB color mode and advanced GPU drawing mode.

So, what's an artboard?

You can think of an artboard as a special type of layer group. An artboard clips the contents of any contained elements to its boundaries. The hierarchy of elements in an artboard is displayed in the Layers panel, together with layers and layer groups. Artboards can contain layers and layer groups, but not other artboards.

Visually, artboards serve as individual canvases within a document. Any layers in the document not contained within an artboard are grouped at the top of the Layers panel and remain unclipped by any artboards.

Artboard preferences

To customize the look of your artboards select Preferences > Interface > Appearance > Artboards. You have the option to select the artboard matte color and to show or hide artboard borders. 

Photoshop  Artboard preferences

Create an artboard document

  1. In Photoshop, select File > New.
  2. In the New dialog box, specify a name for the document. For example, iPhone website.
  3. From the Document Type pop-up menu, select Artboard.
  4. Select one of the 35+ Artboard Size presets.
Photoshop artboard sizes
Wide choice of artboard size presets

  1. Begin adding your design elements to the artboard. You can add smart objects, layers, layer groups, etc. to the artboard.

Convert an existing document into an artboard document

If you have a standard Photoshop document, you can quickly convert it into an artboard document.

  1. Select one or more layer groups or layers in the document.
  2. Right-click the selection and then choose Artboard From Layers or Artboard From Group.

Add artboards to the current document

  1. In the Tools panel, click the  icon to select the Artboard tool.
  1. Draw the artboard on the canvas.
  2. Resize the artboard if necessary. From the tool options bar, select a preset size from the Size pop-up menu. Alternatively, you can leave the artboard custom-sized.
Photoshop Resize the artboard
Resize the artboard

  1. Rename the artboard to your desired name. Do the following:
    1. With the artboard selected, select Layer > Rename Artboard
    2. Type a new name for the artboard and press Return.
  2. Begin adding your design elements to the artboard. You can add smart objects, layers, layer groups, etc. to the artboard.

Quickly add new artboards to a document

You can add artboards to your document by clicking the + icons that appear alongside artboards currently in the document. These + icons appear wherever the canvas can accommodate additional artboards. To duplicate an artboard along with its contents, Option/Alt-click a plus (+) icon.  

  1. Select an artboard. 
  2. Click a + icon alongside the artboard. Photoshop adds an artboard to the document in the direction of the + icon.
Photoshop Add artboards with plus icons
Add artboards with plus icons


Option/Alt-click a plus (+) icon to duplicate the currently-selected artboard along with its contents. The new artboard is added in the direction of the + icon you clicked.

Work with artboards

Set artboard background

In the Properties panel (Window > Properties) for the artboard, set the desired value for Artboard Background Color field. You can also set the artboard background to transparent.

Set artboard background

Move elements between artboards

Simply drag the elements from one artboard to another on the canvas. When you move an element between artboards, Photoshop tries to position it in the same location relative to the ruler origins located in the upper-left corners of the artboards.

When you add/move an element to an artboard, the new element moves to the top of the Layers panel Z-order for that artboard.

You can also group layers/elements not included in any artboard with existing artboards. Simply drag the element on the canvas to the target artboard. Alternatively, move it into the target artboard in the Layers panel.

Duplicate layers or layer groups

When you duplicate a layer or layer group in a document containing artboards, you can choose the artboard in which you want to place the copied layer.

Duplicate Layers: Choose the artboard in which you want to place the copied layer


With the Artboard or Move tool selected, click the label of an artboard to select it. Now, move it to its desired location on the canvas.


With the Artboard or Move tool selected, click the label of an artboard to select it. Now, select a new preset Size for the artboard from the tool options bar.

If you want to resize the artboard to a custom size, simply resize its boundaries using the handles.


Select an artboard and select View > Show > Grid to view grids in an artboard.


With an artboard selected, drag guides from the ruler to the canvas. These guides now move with the artboard. You can also duplicate an artboard with the assigned guides to assign identical guides to the duplicated artboard. Alternatively, you can select View > New Guide Layout to target the desired artboards. To set the guide visibility options, select View > Show.

Photoshop New Guide Layout
(Left) New Guide Layout | (Right) Guide visibility options

Inspect artboard properties

Select an artboard and select Window > Properties to quickly inspect its key properties. You can also resize the artboard from within the Properties panel.

Artboard properties are also displayed in the tool options bar when an artboard is selected. 

Photoshop Artboard Properties panel
The artboard Properties panel

Show artboard names

To show/hide artboard names select View > Show > Artboard Names. Artboard names are automatically truncated to the width of the artboard.

Filter layers by artboard

In the Layers panel, from the Search pop-up menu, select Artboard. Select an artboard or any layer within an artboard. The Layers panel view is now restricted to just the selected artboard. To return to the full Layers panel view, either deselect all layers or select something outside the artboard.

Prevent auto-nesting into or out of Artboards

Assign the lock in the illustration to an artboard to disallow auto-nesting into and out of the artboard, or to specific layers within an artboard to disallow auto-nesting of those particular layers. To revert to the normal auto-nesting behavior, remove any auto-nesting locks from artboards or layers.

Photoshop Prevent auto-nesting into or out of artboards

Artboard positional lock

Select an artboard and assign the positional lock. The artboard now remains fixed in its position on the canvas, but elements can still be added, moved within, or removed as usual. 

Photoshop Lock position


Double-click the artboard name in the Layers panel and enter a new name. Alternatively, use the Layer > Rename Artboard command.

Dissolve artboards

You can quickly dissolve artboards into their constituent elements. With the artboards selected, select Layer > Ungroup Artboards. The artboards are dissolved and their constituent elements all move a level higher in the Layers panel. If the last remaining artboard in the document is dissolved or ungrouped, the document becomes a non-artboard document.

Export artboards

Export artboards as image assets

You can export artboards as JPEG, GIF, or PNG image assets directly from the Layers panel.

For more information, see Export artboards and layers.

Export artboards as PDF

You can export artboards as PDF documents. Follow these steps:

  1. In Photoshop, select File > Export > Artboards To PDF.
  2. In the Artboards To PDF dialog, do the following:
    • Choose the destination/location where you want to save the generated PDF documents.
    • Specify a file name prefix for the generated PDF documents. For example, Campaign_insurance.
    • Specify whether you want to export only content on the artboards or also the content in areas overlapping the artboards.
    • Specify whether you want to export all artboards or only the ones currently selected.
    • Specify whether you also want to export artboard backgrounds along with the artboards.
    • Specify whether you want to generate a single PDF for all the artboards in the current document, or generate one PDF document per artboard. If you choose to generate multiple PDF documents, all of those documents take the file name prefix you specified earlier.
    • Specify an encoding for the exported PDF documents: ZIP or JPEG. If you chose JPEG, also specify a Quality setting (0-12).
    • Specify whether you want to include the International Color Consortium (ICC) Profile in the exported PDF documents. An ICC profile comprises data that characterizes a color input or output device.
    • Specify whether you want to also export the artboard names along with the exported artboards. You can specify a custom font, font size, font color, and canvas extension color while selecting this setting.
  3. Click Run. Photoshop generates the PDF document.

Export artboards as files

You can export artboards as separate files. Follow these steps:

  1. In Photoshop, select File > Export > Artboards To Files.
  2. In the Artboards To Files dialog, do the following:
    • Choose the destination where you want to save the generated files.
    • Specify a file name prefix.
    • Specify whether you want to export artboard content only or want to include overlapping areas as well.
    • Specify whether you want to export all artboards or only the ones currently selected.
    • Specify whether you also want to export artboard backgrounds along with the artboards.
    • Choose the file type to whcih you want to export. You have the option to export as BMP, JPEG, PDF, PSD, Targa, TIFF, PNG-8, or PNG-24.
    • Specify the export options for the file type you have selected.
      • Specify whether you want to also export the artboard names along with the exported artboards. You can specify a custom font, font size, font color, and canvas extension color while selecting this setting.
  3. Click Run. Photoshop exports the artboards as files in the selected format.


No. Artboard nesting is currently not supported.

You can think of artboards as a special type of layer groups. Artboards are listed in the Photoshop Layers panel, just like layers and layer groups.

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