Choose Edit > Preferences > Type (Windows) or Illustrator > Preferences > Type (macOS).
Learn how to format text in East Asian languages.
Illustrator provides a variety of options for formatting East Asian characters. For example, you can set Asian Open Type font attributes, use Tate-chu-yoko, Aki, Warichu, Mojisoroe, Mojikumi, Kinsoku, Burasagari, and Kurikaeshi Moji Shori. In addition, you can combine Asian and Roman fonts and create composite fonts.
By default, Illustrator hides East Asian type options in the Character panel, Paragraph panel, OpenType panel, and Type menu.
Choose Edit > Preferences > Type (Windows) or Illustrator > Preferences > Type (macOS).
Select Show East Asian Options, and click OK.
You can also control how font names are displayed (in English or in the native language) by selecting or deselecting Show Font Names in English.
Your operating system must support the languages in which you wish to work. Contact your system software manufacturer for more information.
Asian OpenType fonts may include a number of features that aren’t available in current PostScript and TrueType fonts. In addition, Asian OpenType fonts provide alternate glyphs for many characters.
Select an Asian OpenType font from Type > Font. OpenType fonts display the icon.
Navigate to Window > Type > OpenType, and set any of the following options:
Navigate to Type > Glyphs and choose an option from the Glyphs menu. If you don’t see the following options, select Show East Asian Options in the Type preferences. If an option is disabled, the glyph form is not available for the current font:
To revert an alternate glyph to its default form, select it and choose Revert To Default Forms from the Glyphs panel menu. You cannot use this method to revert alternate glyphs that were applied using a character style.
Navigate to Window > Type> Paragraph, and choose a leading option from the Paragraph panel menu.
The leading option you choose does not affect the amount of leading between lines, only how the leading is measured.
The direction of half-width characters, such as Roman text or numbers, changes in vertical text. By default, half-width characters are rotated individually. If you don’t want half-width characters to rotate, select Standard Vertical Roman Alignment from the Character panel menu (Window > Type > Character).
Tate-chu-yoko (also called Kumimoji and Renmoji) is a block of horizontal type laid out within vertical type lines. Using Tate-chu-yoko makes it easier to read half-width characters such as numbers, dates, and short foreign words in vertical text.
Select characters and choose Tate-chu-yoko from the Character panel menu (Window > Type > Character). If the Tate-chu-yoko option isn’t showing, you need to select Show East Asian Options in the Type preferences.
Select any of the following Tate-chu-yoko settings from the Character panel menu:
Select Show Options from the Character panel menu and then select Tsume, or Set the tracking for the selected characters in the Character panel to adjust the character spacing for Tate-chu-yoko.
Aki is the white space before or after a character. Usually, fixed spacing is applied between the characters based on the Mojikumi setting for a paragraph. You can change the Mojikumi setting for special characters using the Insert Aki option in the Character panel. For example, to add a space before an opening parenthesis, use the Insert Aki (Left) option.
Select the characters that you want to adjust with the Type tool, and navigate to the Character panel (Window > Type > Character).
To add Aki before or after a character, choose the amount of Aki you want to add from the Insert Aki (Left) or Insert Aki (Right) drop-down in the Character panel. For example, if you specify 2-bu, half of a full-width space is added, and if you specify 4-bu, a quarter of a full-width space is added.
To compress the Aki between characters, specify a percentage for Tsume . The higher the percentage, the narrower the Aki between characters.
If you don’t see the Insert Aki or Tsume options, select Show East Asian Options in the Type preferences.
The Warichu option in the Character panel menu decreases the typeface size of selected text to a percentage of the original and stacks the type—horizontally or vertically, according to the orientation—on multiple lines.
Select text and choose Warichu from the Character panel menu.
Select Warichu Settings from the Character panel menu, and set the following:
Mojisoroe is the alignment of characters in Asian type. When a line of text contains different sizes of characters, you can specify how to align text to the largest characters in the line: to the top, center, or bottom of the em box (right, center, and left for vertical frames), to the Roman baseline, or to the top or bottom of the ICF box (right or left for vertical frames). ICF (Ideographic Character Space) is the average height and width used by the font designer to design the ideographic characters that comprise a font.
A. Small characters aligned to the bottom B. Small characters aligned to the center C. Small characters aligned to the top
In the Character panel menu, choose an option from the Character Alignment submenu:
Mojikumi specifies Japanese text composition for spacing of Japanese characters, Roman characters, punctuation, special characters, line start, line end, and numbers. You can also specify paragraph indents.
The existing character spacing rules in Illustrator follow the Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) specification, JISx4051‑1995. You can select from the predefined Mojikumi sets provided by Illustrator.
Furthermore, you can create specific Mojikumi sets. In a new Mojikumi set, you can edit the settings for spacing that you use a lot, such as the spacing between a period and subsequent opening parenthesis. For example, you might create an interview format in which you want to have an em dash before a question, and answers enclosed in parentheses.
In the Character panel, set Set the kerning between characters to zero.
In the Paragraph panel, choose one of the following options in the Mojikumi Set drop-down:
Choose Type > Mojikumi Settings.
Choose Mojikumi Settings from the Mojikumi Set drop-down in the Paragraph panel.
Select New in the Mojikumi Settings dialog.
Enter a name for the new Mojikumi set, and specify the existing set on which the new set will be based.
Choose % or bu in the Units drop-down in the Mojikumi Settings dialog.
Specify Minimum, Desired, and Maximum values for each line setting.
The Minimum value is used to compress lines for Kinsoku (specify a value less than the Desired value). The Maximum value is used to spread lines for fully justified text (specify a value greater than the Desired value).
Depending on the character type, you can specify the same values for Minimum, Desired, and Maximum if you don’t want to change the spacing.
When you compose Japanese text with a lot of half-width spaces or Roman parentheses, problems relating to text composition increase. It is recommended that you avoid using Roman parentheses, and use full-width parentheses for Japanese composition. Use Roman parentheses only when using relatively long English sentences in Japanese text, or when a more serious problem results if you don’t use Roman parentheses.
In Mojikumi Settings , do any of the following:
To export a set, select Export. Illustrator saves the file in MJK format.
To import a set, select Import, and select an MJK file.
To delete a set, select it from the Name drop-down and then select Delete. All the text to which the deleted Mojikumi set was applied will return to the default settings.
You cannot delete predefined Mojikumi sets.
Kinsoku Shori specifies line break rules for Japanese text. Characters that cannot be placed at the beginning or end of a line are known as Kinsoku characters. Illustrator has hard Kinsoku sets and soft Kinsoku sets. Soft or weak kinsoku sets omit long vowel symbols and small Hiragana characters. You can use the existing sets, or add or delete Kinsoku characters to create new sets.
You can also define hanging characters for hanging Japanese punctuation and define characters that cannot be split when a line is exceeded.
You can specify whether to push in or push out text so that Kinsoku characters are not placed inappropriately.
In the Paragraph panel, choose an option from the Kinsoku Set drop-down:
Choose Type > Kinsoku Shori Settings.
Choose Kinsoku Settings from the Kinsoku Set drop-down in the Paragraph panel.
In the Kinsoku Shori Settings dialog, select New Set.
Enter a name for the Kinsoku set, and specify the existing set on which the new set will be based.
Enter a character in the Input box, select Direct Entry, and select Add.
Specify the code system (Shift JIS, JIS, Kuten, or Unicode), enter the code, and select Add.
To delete a character from a field, select the character and select Delete.
To check the code for the character currently added to the Input box, select Shift JIS, JIS, Kuten, or Unicode.
In the Kinsoku Shori Settings dialog, do any of the following:
To export a Kinsoku set, select Export. Illustrator saves the file in KSK format.
To import a Kinsoku set, select Import, and select a KSK file
To delete a Kinsoku set, choose the Kinsoku set you want to delete from the Kinsoku Set drop-down, and then select Delete Set.
You cannot delete predefined Kinsoku settings.
Kinsoku Shori or Mojikumi must be selected to use the following line-breaking options.
From the Paragraph panel menu, choose Kinsoku Shori Type and then choose one of the following methods:
When you select Bunri-Kinshi, the characters specified in the Bunri-Kinshi section of the Kinsoku Shori Settings dialog will not be split.
In the Paragraph panel, choose Bunri-Kinshi from the panel menu.
This option is only available when Kinsoku Shori is on.
Burasagari lets single‑byte periods, double‑byte periods, single‑byte commas, and double‑byte commas fall outside the paragraph bounding box.
In the Paragraph panel, choose Burasagari from the panel menu.
Burasagari options are not available when Kinsoku Set is set to None.
You can control how repeated characters in Japanese text are handled using the Kurikaeshi Moji Shori option in the Paragraph panel. By default, a repeat character mark substitutes the second character when two identical characters follow one after the other. When you select Kurikaeshi Moji Shori , both characters are displayed if they are separated by a line break.
Using the Type tool, select a paragraph of text to which you want to apply repeated character processing.
In the Paragraph panel, select Kurikaeshi Moji Shori from the panel menu.