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InDesign / Common Questions

  1. InDesign User Guide
  2. Get to know InDesign
    1. Introduction to InDesign
      1. What's New in InDesign
      2. System requirements
      3. Common questions
      4. Use Creative Cloud libraries
    2. Workspace
      1. Workspace basics
      2. Customize your workspace in InDesign
      3. Toolbox
      4. Set preferences
      5. Properties panel
      6. Touch workspace
      7. Default keyboard shortcuts
      8. Undo edits and manage History panel
      9. Document recovery and undo
    3. Generative AI
      1. Text to Image
      2. Generative Expand
      3. Generative AI FAQ
  3. Create and layout documents
    1. Documents and pages
      1. Create documents
      2. Work with parent pages
      3. Work with document pages
      4. Set page size, margins, and bleed
      5. Work with files and templates
      6. Convert PDFs to InDesign files in InDesign (Beta)
      7. Create book files
      8. Add basic page numbering
      9. Number pages, chapters, and sections
      10. Convert QuarkXPress and PageMaker documents
      11. Share content
      12. Understand a basic managed-file workflow
      13. Save documents
    2. Grids
      1. Grids
      2. Format grids
    3. Layout aids
      1. Rulers
      2. Align and distribute objects using rulers
      3. Measure objects using the Measure tool
  4. Add content
    1. Text
      1. Add text to frames
      2. Threading text
      3. South-East Asian Scripts
      4. Arabic and Hebrew features in InDesign
      5. Create type on a path
      6. Bullets and numbering
      7. Glyphs and special characters
      8. Text composition
      9. Text variables
      10. Generate QR codes
      11. Edit text
      12. Align text
      13. Wrap text around objects
      14. Anchored objects
      15. Linked content
      16. Format paragraphs
      17. Format characters
    2. Typography
      1. Using fonts in InDesign
      2. Kerning and tracking
      3. Scale and skew type
      4. Apply color effects to type
    3. Format text
      1. Format text
      2. Auto Style text
      3. Work with Style Packs
      4. Tabs and indents
    4. Review text
      1. Track and review changes
      2. Add editorial notes in InDesign
      3. Import PDF comments
    5. Spell check and language dictionaries
      1. Check spelling, autocorrect, and dynamic spelling
      2. Create, add, and manage dictionaries and words
      3. Change dictionary preferences
      4. Duden dictionary
    6. Add references
      1. Create a table of contents
      2. Footnotes
      3. Create an index
      4. Endnotes
      5. Captions
    7. Styles
      1. Paragraph and character styles
      2. Map, export, and manage styles
      3. Object styles
      4. Drop caps and nested styles
      5. Work with styles
      6. Leading
    8. Tables
      1. Format tables
      2. Create tables
      3. Table and Cell styles
      4. Select and edit tables
      5. Table strokes and fills
    9. Interactivity
      1. Hyperlinks
      2. Dynamic PDF documents
      4. Buttons
      5. Forms
      6. Animation
      7. Cross-references
      8. Structure PDFs
      9. Page transitions
      10. Movies and sounds
    10. Graphics
      1. Understand paths and shapes
      2. Draw with the Pencil tool
      3. Draw with the Pen tool
      4. Apply line (stroke) settings 
      5. Compound paths and shapes
      6. Edit paths
      7. Clipping paths
      8. Change corner appearance
      9. Frames and objects
      10. Align and distribute objects
      11. Linked and embedded graphics
      12. Integrate AEM assets
    11. Color and transparency
      1. Apply color
      2. Use colors from imported graphics
      3. Work with swatches
      4. Mix inks
      5. Tints
      6. Understand spot and process colors
      7. Blend colors
      8. Gradients
      9. Flatten transparent artwork
      10. Add transparency effects
  5. Find and replace
    1. Find and replace text
    2. Find and replace fonts
    3. Find and replace glyphs
    4. Find and replace using GREP expressions and queries
    5. Find and replace objects
    6. Find and replace colors
    7. Search options to find and replace
  6. Share
    1. Save and access cloud documents
    2. Organize, manage, and share cloud documents
    3. View and manage versions in cloud documents
    4. Common questions about InDesign cloud documents
    5. Share and collaborate        
    6. Share for Review
    7. Review a shared InDesign document
    8. Manage feedback 
  7. Publish
    1. Place, export, and publish
      1. Publish online
      2. Publish online dashboard
      3. Copy, insert graphics
      4. Export content for EPUB
      5. Adobe PDF options
      6. Export content to HTML
      7. Export to Adobe PDF
      8. Export to JPEG format
      9. Export HTML
      10. DPS and AEM Mobile overview
      11. Supported File Formats
      12. Export and import User Settings
    2. Printing
      1. Print booklets
      2. Printer's marks and bleeds
      3. Print documents
      4. Inks, separation, and screen frequency
      5. Overprinting
      6. Create PostScript and EPS files
      7. Preflight files before handoff
      8. Print thumbnails and oversized documents
      9. Prepare PDFs for service providers
      10. Prepare to print separations
  8. Extend InDesign
    1. Automation
      1. Data merge
      2. Plug-ins
      3. Capture extension in InDesign
      4. Scripting
  9. Troubleshooting
    1. Fixed issues
    2. Known issues
    3. Crash on launch
    4. Preference folder read-only issue
    5. Troubleshoot file issues
    6. Unable to export InDesign file to PDF
    7. InDesign document recovery


A professional page layout application for print and digital publishing, Adobe InDesign lets you design, preflight, and publish a broad range of content for print, web, and tablet apps. It offers precise control over typography, built-in creative tools, an intuitive design environment, and tight integration with Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Acrobat, and Adobe Animate.

InDesign is built for designers, prepress and production professionals, and print service providers who work for magazines, design firms, advertising agencies, newspapers, book publishers, and retail/catalog companies, as well as in corporate design, commercial printing, and other leading-edge publishing environments. Learn more about InDesign.

And because InDesign is part of Adobe Creative Cloud, you get access to all the latest updates and future releases the moment they’re available. With a Creative Cloud All Apps plan, you can also access Adobe Digital Publishing Suite, Single Edition* from within InDesign to design and package unlimited single-edition iPad apps for submission to the Apple App Store. Learn more about Creative Cloud.

See the What's New page for details.

InDesign tightly integrates with Photoshop, Illustrator, Acrobat Pro, InCopy, and Flash Professional. InDesign shares a common user interface, commands, panels, and tools with Photoshop, Illustrator, Flash Professional, and InCopy, so it’s easy to apply what you know about one program when you’re learning another, and to move efficiently from program to program. Because you can import native Photoshop and Illustrator files, it’s easier to lay out, enhance, and update graphics. Native support for PDF files gives you reliable, consistent output whether you publish to print, the web, or devices. Strong integration between InDesign and Flash Professional means you can hand off your page layouts with great fidelity and maintain animation, sound, and video files placed in your documents. In addition, InDesign and InCopy work together to provide robust editorial workflow management for small creative teams.

InDesign leads an integrated publishing family that also includes InCopy and InDesign Server. InCopy is a professional writing and editing program that integrates with InDesign to provide collaborative editorial workflows among designers, writers, and editors, and it is also included in a Creative Cloud All Apps plan. InDesign Server brings high-end composition and layout to a server platform, introducing new levels of automation to editorial workflows, collateral creation, data-driven personalized publishing, and template-based web-to-print solutions.

Yes. If you require a custom solution built on core InDesign technology, systems integrators worldwide can provide publishing systems compatible with InCopy and InDesign. Learn more about custom editorial publishing solutions.

Yes. Publishers from small design firms to major publishing organizations worldwide have adopted InDesign. Supported by a vibrant partner ecosystem, backed by an industry leader, and user inspired, InDesign is the right choice for fast-paced publishing environments.

All versions of InDesign share a common file format, so you can open and modify Indic, Japanese, Middle Eastern, Chinese, and Korean layouts in Roman and Indic versions of InDesign, and Roman and Indic files in Japanese, Middle Eastern, Chinese, or Korean versions. However, the Roman versions of InDesign do not have the typographical, layout grid, and frame grid tools for editing Middle Eastern and Asian text that are available in the Japanese, Middle Eastern, Chinese, and Korean versions.

InDesign Server is a robust, highly flexible, and scalable layout and composition engine that offers the ability to automate the design, layout, and typographical capabilities of InDesign. Based on the same code base as InDesign, it can power many types of automated publishing solutions, including web-to-print, VDP, and editorial workflow solutions, while delivering the same output quality you would expect from InDesign. Most solutions powered by InDesign Server use templates created by designers using the desktop version of InDesign.

Although InDesign Server shares its code base with the desktop version of InDesign, there are a number of important differences:

  • InDesign Server is an engine used to power larger automated publishing solutions.
  • InDesign Server is a headless application with no built-in user interface. A customer or solution partner would design a user interface tailored to the automated publishing solution that InDesign Server powers.
  • Like InDesign, InDesign Server can be driven through scripting or C++ plug-ins. However, it can also be driven through a SOAP interface or Java APIs. Additionally, the Flex framework and Adobe Flash Builder (available separately) can be used to build compelling rich Internet applications (RIAs) running within web browsers or as stand-alone clients using the Adobe AIR runtime, with InDesign Server as the scalable and robust back-end server component.
  • Automated publishing solutions powered by InDesign Server can scale as requirements change, with support for multiple instances running on multiple processors.
  • InDesign Server has been rigorously tested to help ensure that it delivers long periods of continuous uptime.
  • InDesign Server has been designed and tested to work on the server versions of Windows and Mac OS, including Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2.
  • InDesign Server is not included in Creative Cloud and must be purchased separately.

For help evaluating whether InDesign Server is the right technology for you, call Adobe Sales at 888-649-2990, or download a trial version by clicking the Try link on the InDesign Server product pages.

Technical questions

See the system requirements for information.

Yes. Developers can fully extend and automate InDesign using standard programming technologies, including ActionScript, C++, JavaScript, AppleScript, UXPScript, and VBScript. Developers can also sell and distribute their extensions to the entire Creative Cloud install base using Adobe Exchange, which is integrated with InDesign.

The InDesign software development kit (SDK) provides documentation, tools, and sample code to help customize and build InDesign plug-ins. For more information, visit the InDesign Developer Center. Learn more about automating publishing tasks in InDesign with scripting resources.

The darker UI in InDesign is set to match other Adobe professional products such as Photoshop, Illustrator, and Adobe Premiere Pro. You can easily change the brightness in the Preferences dialog box: Choose Edit > Preferences > User Interface (Windows) or InDesign > Preferences > User Interface (macOS).

Free trials

With a free Creative Cloud membership, you can download a trial version of InDesign — and other applications in Creative Cloud. When you upgrade to an All Apps plan, you’ll be able to download the full version of every Creative Cloud application.

If you were prompted to enter your payment details before downloading InDesign, the trial automatically converts to a paid plan after the trial period ends. Otherwise, you can purchase a plan directly from the Creative Cloud website.

Purchasing options

You can purchase the InDesign Single App plan or the Creative Cloud All Apps plan. Learn more about purchasing options on the Creative Cloud plans page.

Learning InDesign

Check out InDesign Learn & Support for all you need to get started, with video and step-by-step tutorials and comprehensive product support from Adobe and our knowledgeable community.

You can find the InDesign manual web version on the User guide page.

You can follow InDesign on InstagramFacebook, YouTube, and Twitter and find informative tutorials on the InDesign tutorials page.


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Adobe MAX 2024

Adobe MAX
The Creativity Conference

Oct 14–16 Miami Beach and online

Adobe MAX

The Creativity Conference

Oct 14–16 Miami Beach and online