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Learn about content credentials

  1. Photoshop User Guide
  2. Introduction to Photoshop
    1. Dream it. Make it.
    2. What's new in Photoshop
    3. Edit your first photo
    4. Create documents
    5. Photoshop | Common Questions
    6. Photoshop system requirements
    7. Migrate presets, actions, and settings
    8. Get to know Photoshop
  3. Photoshop and other Adobe products and services
    1. Work with Illustrator artwork in Photoshop
    2. Work with Photoshop files in InDesign
    3. Substance 3D Materials for Photoshop
    4. Photoshop and Adobe Stock
    5. Use the Capture in-app extension in Photoshop
    6. Creative Cloud Libraries
    7. Creative Cloud Libraries in Photoshop
    8. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    9. Grid and guides
    10. Creating actions
    11. Undo and history
  4. Photoshop on the iPad
    1. Photoshop on the iPad | Common questions
    2. Get to know the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the iPad
    4. Create, open, and export documents
    5. Add photos
    6. Work with layers
    7. Draw and paint with brushes
    8. Make selections and add masks
    9. Retouch your composites
    10. Work with adjustment layers
    11. Adjust the tonality of your composite with Curves
    12. Apply transform operations
    13. Crop and rotate your composites
    14. Rotate, pan, zoom, and reset the canvas
    15. Work with Type layers
    16. Work with Photoshop and Lightroom
    17. Get missing fonts in Photoshop on the iPad
    18. Japanese Text in Photoshop on the iPad
    19. Manage app settings
    20. Touch shortcuts and gestures
    21. Keyboard shortcuts
    22. Edit your image size
    23. Livestream as you create in Photoshop on the iPad
    24. Correct imperfections with the Healing Brush
    25. Create brushes in Capture and use them in Photoshop
    26. Work with Camera Raw files
    27. Create and work with Smart Objects
    28. Adjust exposure in your images with Dodge and Burn
  5. Photoshop on the web beta
    1. Common questions | Photoshop on the web beta 
    2. Introduction to the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the web beta
    4. Keyboard shortcuts | Photoshop on the web beta
    5. Supported file types | Photoshop on the web beta
    6. Open and work with cloud documents
    7. Apply limited edits to your cloud documents
    8. Collaborate with stakeholders
  6. Cloud documents
    1. Photoshop cloud documents | Common questions
    2. Photoshop cloud documents | Workflow questions
    3. Manage and work with cloud documents in Photoshop
    4. Upgrade cloud storage for Photoshop
    5. Unable to create or save a cloud document
    6. Solve Photoshop cloud document errors
    7. Collect cloud document sync logs
    8. Share access and edit your cloud documents
    9. Share files and comment in-app
  7. Workspace
    1. Workspace basics
    2. Preferences
    3. Learn faster with the Photoshop Discover Panel
    4. Create documents
    5. Place files
    6. Default keyboard shortcuts
    7. Customize keyboard shortcuts
    8. Tool galleries
    9. Performance preferences
    10. Use tools
    11. Presets
    12. Grid and guides
    13. Touch gestures
    14. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    15. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    16. Technology previews
    17. Metadata and notes
    18. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    19. Place Photoshop images in other applications
    20. Rulers
    21. Show or hide non-printing Extras
    22. Specify columns for an image
    23. Undo and history
    24. Panels and menus
    25. Position elements with snapping
    26. Position with the Ruler tool
  8. Web, screen, and app design
    1. Photoshop for design
    2. Artboards
    3. Device Preview
    4. Copy CSS from layers
    5. Slice web pages
    6. HTML options for slices
    7. Modify slice layout
    8. Work with web graphics
    9. Create web photo galleries
  9. Image and color basics
    1. How to resize images
    2. Work with raster and vector images
    3. Image size and resolution
    4. Acquire images from cameras and scanners
    5. Create, open, and import images
    6. View images
    7. Invalid JPEG Marker error | Opening images
    8. Viewing multiple images
    9. Customize color pickers and swatches
    10. High dynamic range images
    11. Match colors in your image
    12. Convert between color modes
    13. Color modes
    14. Erase parts of an image
    15. Blending modes
    16. Choose colors
    17. Customize indexed color tables
    18. Image information
    19. Distort filters are unavailable
    20. About color
    21. Color and monochrome adjustments using channels
    22. Choose colors in the Color and Swatches panels
    23. Sample
    24. Color mode or Image mode
    25. Color cast
    26. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    27. Add swatches from HTML CSS and SVG
    28. Bit depth and preferences
  10. Layers
    1. Layer basics
    2. Nondestructive editing
    3. Create and manage layers and groups
    4. Select, group, and link layers
    5. Place images into frames
    6. Layer opacity and blending
    7. Mask layers
    8. Apply Smart Filters
    9. Layer comps
    10. Move, stack, and lock layers
    11. Mask layers with vector masks
    12. Manage layers and groups
    13. Layer effects and styles
    14. Edit layer masks
    15. Extract assets
    16. Reveal layers with clipping masks
    17. Generate image assets from layers
    18. Work with Smart Objects
    19. Blending modes
    20. Combine multiple images into a group portrait
    21. Combine images with Auto-Blend Layers
    22. Align and distribute layers
    23. Copy CSS from layers
    24. Load selections from a layer or layer mask's boundaries
    25. Knockout to reveal content from other layers
  11. Selections
    1. Get started with selections
    2. Make selections in your composite
    3. Select and Mask workspace
    4. Select with the marquee tools
    5. Select with the lasso tools
    6. Adjust pixel selections
    7. Move, copy, and delete selected pixels
    8. Create a temporary quick mask
    9. Select a color range in an image
    10. Convert between paths and selection borders
    11. Channel basics
    12. Save selections and alpha channel masks
    13. Select the image areas in focus
    14. Duplicate, split, and merge channels
    15. Channel calculations
  12. Image adjustments
    1. Replace object colors
    2. Perspective warp
    3. Reduce camera shake blurring
    4. Healing brush examples
    5. Export color lookup tables
    6. Adjust image sharpness and blur
    7. Understand color adjustments
    8. Apply a Brightness/Contrast adjustment
    9. Adjust shadow and highlight detail
    10. Levels adjustment
    11. Adjust hue and saturation
    12. Adjust vibrance
    13. Adjust color saturation in image areas
    14. Make quick tonal adjustments
    15. Apply special color effects to images
    16. Enhance your image with color balance adjustments
    17. High dynamic range images
    18. View histograms and pixel values
    19. Match colors in your image
    20. Crop and straighten photos
    21. Convert a color image to black and white
    22. Adjustment and fill layers
    23. Curves adjustment
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    25. Target images for press
    26. Adjust color and tone with Levels and Curves eyedroppers
    27. Adjust HDR exposure and toning
    28. Dodge or burn image areas
    29. Make selective color adjustments
  13. Adobe Camera Raw
    1. Camera Raw system requirements
    2. What's new in Camera Raw
    3. Introduction to Camera Raw
    4. Create panoramas
    5. Supported lenses
    6. Vignette, grain, and dehaze effects in Camera Raw
    7. Default keyboard shortcuts
    8. Automatic perspective correction in Camera Raw
    9. Radial Filter in Camera Raw
    10. Manage Camera Raw settings
    11. Open, process, and save images in Camera Raw
    12. Repair images with the Enhanced Spot Removal tool in Camera Raw
    13. Rotate, crop, and adjust images
    14. Adjust color rendering in Camera Raw
    15. Process versions in Camera Raw
    16. Make local adjustments in Camera Raw
  14. Image repair and restoration
    1. Remove objects from your photos with Content-Aware Fill
    2. Content-Aware Patch and Move
    3. Retouch and repair photos
    4. Correct image distortion and noise
    5. Basic troubleshooting steps to fix most issues
  15. Image enhancement and transformation
    1. Replace sky in your images
    2. Transform objects
    3. Adjust crop, rotation, and canvas size
    4. How to crop and straighten photos
    5. Create and edit panoramic images
    6. Warp images, shapes, and paths
    7. Vanishing Point
    8. Content-aware scaling
    9. Transform images, shapes, and paths
  16. Drawing and painting
    1. Paint symmetrical patterns
    2. Draw rectangles and modify stroke options
    3. About drawing
    4. Draw and edit shapes
    5. Painting tools
    6. Create and modify brushes
    7. Blending modes
    8. Add color to paths
    9. Edit paths
    10. Paint with the Mixer Brush
    11. Brush presets
    12. Gradients
    13. Gradient interpolation
    14. Fill and stroke selections, layers, and paths
    15. Draw with the Pen tools
    16. Create patterns
    17. Generate a pattern using the Pattern Maker
    18. Manage paths
    19. Manage pattern libraries and presets
    20. Draw or paint with a graphics tablet
    21. Create textured brushes
    22. Add dynamic elements to brushes
    23. Gradient
    24. Paint stylized strokes with the Art History Brush
    25. Paint with a pattern
    26. Sync presets on multiple devices
  17. Text
    1. Add and edit the text
    2. Unified Text Engine
    3. Work with OpenType SVG fonts
    4. Format characters
    5. Format paragraphs
    6. How to create type effects
    7. Edit text
    8. Line and character spacing
    9. Arabic and Hebrew type
    10. Fonts
    11. Troubleshoot fonts
    12. Asian type
    13. Create type
  18. Filters and effects
    1. Use the Liquify filter
    2. Use the Blur Gallery
    3. Filter basics
    4. Filter effects reference
    5. Add Lighting Effects
    6. Use the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
    7. Use the Oil Paint filter
    8. Use the Liquify filter
    9. Layer effects and styles
    10. Apply specific filters
    11. Smudge image areas
  19. Saving and exporting
    1. Save your files in Photoshop
    2. Export your files in Photoshop
    3. Supported file formats
    4. Save files in graphics formats
    5. Move designs between Photoshop and Illustrator
    6. Save and export video and animations
    7. Save PDF files
    8. Digimarc copyright protection
  20. Color Management
    1. Understanding color management
    2. Keeping colors consistent
    3. Color settings
    4. Duotones
    5. Work with color profiles
    6. Color-managing documents for online viewing
    7. Color-managing documents when printing
    8. Color-managing imported images
    9. Proofing colors
  21. Web, screen, and app design
    1. Photoshop for design
    2. Artboards
    3. Device Preview
    4. Copy CSS from layers
    5. Slice web pages
    6. HTML options for slices
    7. Modify slice layout
    8. Work with web graphics
    9. Create web photo galleries
  22. Video and animation
    1. Video editing in Photoshop
    2. Edit video and animation layers
    3. Video and animation overview
    4. Preview video and animations
    5. Paint frames in video layers
    6. Import video files and image sequences
    7. Create frame animations
    8. Creative Cloud 3D Animation (Preview)
    9. Create timeline animations
    10. Create images for video
  23. Printing
    1. Print 3D objects
    2. Print from Photoshop
    3. Print with color management
    4. Contact Sheets and PDF Presentations
    5. Print photos in a picture package layout
    6. Print spot colors
    7. Print images to a commercial printing press
    8. Improve color prints from Photoshop
    9. Troubleshoot printing problems | Photoshop
  24. Automation
    1. Creating actions
    2. Create data-driven graphics
    3. Scripting
    4. Process a batch of files
    5. Play and manage actions
    6. Add conditional actions
    7. About actions and the Actions panel
    8. Record tools in actions
    9. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    10. Photoshop UI toolkit for plug-ins and scripts
  25. Content authenticity
    1. Learn about content credentials
    2. Identity and provenance for NFTs
    3. Connect accounts for creative attribution
  26. Photoshop 3D
    1. Photoshop 3D | Common questions around discontinued 3D features

  Try beta features available in Photoshop desktop!
Some beta features are now available for development, testing, and feedback in the public Photoshop desktop app. 

For more help, please visit the Adobe Photoshop beta community.

What is Content Credentials (Beta)?
Updated in the October 2022 release

Content Credentials (Beta) is a developing feature in Adobe Photoshop for creators to add their attribution details to their exported images. When enabled, Content Credentials gathers details such as edits, activity, and producer name then binds the information to the image as tamper-evident attribution and history data (called Content Credentials) when creators export their final content.

This feature aligns with the C2PA standard to provide digital provenance across the internet (beyond just Adobe products). It creates an open format for sharing information about the producer’s identity and the ingredients and tools used to make the content. These ultimately provide useful attribution information for audiences once the producer shares or publishes the image.

Content Credentials (Beta) is part of a growing ecosystem of technologies available through the Content Authenticity Initiative (CAI). Adobe and our 800+ CAI members are dedicated to restoring trust online by creating a standard way to share visual content without losing key contextual details such as who made it, when, and how. Alongside the CAI, Adobe also co-founded a standards development organization, the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA), to develop an open, global standard for sharing this information across platforms and sites.


Content Credentials (Beta) is currently available in English, German, French, and Japanese.

Why use Content Credentials (Beta)?

The Content Credentials (Beta) feature in Photoshop is part of a broader project called the Content Authenticity Initiative (CAI). CAI is an Adobe-led community of creators, technologists, journalists, activists, and educators - focused on addressing digital misinformation through an open, extensible approach for capturing, editing, and publishing content with provenance and attribution.

When to use Content Credentials (Beta)

The Content Credentials (Beta) feature is most useful for creators when they want to track attribution and provide a layer of transparency for their audience. The feature can be used by casual and professional artists alike to provide a layer of trust for some of the following purposes:

  • Creator attribution - Creators can use Content Credentials (Beta) to capture their editing process and add edits and attribution to their work to share with their viewers. This feature also ensures that they receive credit for their content as it is published and shared.
  • Photojournalism - Photographers can capture editing details, image history, and attribution to share with their audiences. Check out our case study that demonstrates the end-to-end system of Content Credentials (Beta)
  • NFTs - Buyers and sellers of non-fungible token (NFT) artwork can use Content Credentials (Beta) to see the history and attribution of a piece of artwork before it enters the blockchain. 

You can learn more about asset vs. token provenance for NFTs and how to add your cryptocurrency address to Content Credentials (Beta)

How to use Content Credentials (Beta) on Photoshop

Enable and Opt-in to Content Credentials (Beta)

  1. To enable Content Credentials for your document, go to Window > Content Credentials (Beta) and click the Enable Content Credentials. Once enabled, the panel should refresh to display attribution settings. Likewise, you can right-click on any open document tab and select Enable Content Credentials.

  2. You can also enable the feature for all new documents or for documents with existing Content Credentials by going to Preferences > History & Content Credentials > Content Credentials (Beta) Document Settings. We recommend selecting Enable for new and saved documents with Content Credentials to ensure all your edits and activities are captured to provide the most accurate history of how your image came to be.


    Content Credentials (Beta) attaches content credentials to an image only if a user explicitly enables the feature and chooses to attach them upon export.

  3. To adjust your Content Credentials (Beta) settings, go to Window > Content Credentials (Beta). You should be able to view this icon on your panels bar. This panel allows you to select what information about your content you would like to be attached to your content. 

Preview your work's Content Credentials (Beta)

Either use the Content Credentials (Beta) icon in the panels bar or go to Window > Content Credentials (Beta) and select Preview. You will see the following options: 

  • Produced by: the chosen name of the person or entity who exported the content.
  • Produced with: the editing application used to produce this work.
  • Edits and activity: the actions taken on the content by the producer.
  • Signed by: the organization that claims the content credentials.
  • Signed on: the date the content is signed by the signer.

Export work with attached Content Credentials (Beta)

When your document is enabled with Content Credentials, go to Export As to see your export settings. In the Content Credentials (Beta) section, you can select Publish to Content Credentials cloud or Attach to file (JPG & PNG) to include Content Credentials with your images. Choosing None will not include Content Credentials with your exported image. 

You can also select Preview to view how the Content Credentials will appear to others. When you’re ready, export your content as a JPEG or PNG. Your final image is good to go, with content credentials added.

To update the export default settings, go to Preferences > History & Content Credentials > Content Credentials (Beta) Export As Options. We recommend selecting Publish to Content Credentials cloud to ensure your data is always protected, even if it gets separated from your image.

What is Content Credentials cloud?

Adobe’s Content Credentials cloud is a public, persistent storage for your attribution and history data. Publishing to this cloud will help keep your files smaller and make your Content Credentials more resilient. If the Content Credentials ever get stripped from your image, those stored in the cloud can be recovered through a search.

Users who prefer to store their Content Credentials within the file can set that in Preferences or in the Export dialog.

View your Content Credentials on Verify

Choose your image to inspect your Content Credentials on the online Verify viewer. This viewer can be used to check any image for its Content Credentials, see the overview of ingredients that made the image, and compare versions to understand the changes made to the image over time.

Try Verify

Behance supports Content Credentials

Behance, the leading online platform to showcase and discover creative work, supports Content Credentials (Beta) in the single image viewer, where creators can display the content credentials with their work.

Check out Behance

Supported File Types

Content Credentials (Beta) only supports exporting JPG and PNG files during this beta.

Content Credentials known issues 

Content Credentials (Beta) is still in development, so the following features in Photoshop aren’t fully supported yet: 



3rd Party Plugins and Scripts 

No current workaround available. You will receive a disclaimer on your Content Credentials noting that unsupported actions were used.

Multi-device and multi-user flow for non-PSD & PSDCs.

Convert your file to a PSD or PSDC or complete Content Credentials work on the same device with the same user account.

Images created with pre 1.0 C2PA compliant versions of Content Credentials

Use images created with Content Credentials from April 2022 (or more recently). Older images with Content Credentials are supported on a legacy Verify site.

Offline exports are not supported

No current workaround available. Users should connect to the internet before exporting

Exporting layers and artboards 

Export as a document rather than layers or artboards 

Co-editing and collaboration 

Only one name is currently supported in Content Credentials (Beta). Ensure the user who exports the image is the one whose name and other attribution information is intended to be sealed in the Content Credentials

Extremely large files 

If facing issues with PNGs, try to use them as JPEGs. If you receive the following message, it is likely that the file is too large to attach a Content Credential. Additional performance improvements for working with large files are underway.

Extremely large files

Mac users unable to open use Content Credentials for use after loading  

There will be a pop-up upon the first load of Photoshop that asks if "cai-helper" can access the documents folder.


If you did not select OK, then you will have to navigate to System Preferences > Security & Privacy > Privacy > Files and Folders > cai-helper and allow access to the folder by checking the items listed below cai-helper.

Allow access to cai-helper

Language support beyond English, German, French and Japanese 

No current workaround. Content Credentials will default to English if Photoshop is set to an unsupported language.

Education plan users can’t access

While in Beta, Education plan users are unable to access the feature. We are planning for Education plan users to have Content Credentials access when the feature generally becomes available.

Enterprise plan users can’t access

Enterprises currently must be added to an access list to use Content Credentials. For Enterprise users who don’t have access, ask your admin to request.

Are your content credentials missing from published content?

Many digital applications and tools erase image metadata when the image is loaded or published, including information related to Content Credentials (Beta). If you find your image’s content credentials are missing after publishing online, it’s likely because that application doesn’t yet support Content Credentials (Beta).

If you used Content Credentials cloud when exporting your image, you can re-connect the content credentials on Verify

Minimum and recommended system requirements for Content Credentials (Beta)

  • Internet connection  
  • Creative Cloud or Photoshop subscription
  • Processors  
    • Mac Intel/ARM; Windows Intel  
  • Operating Systems   
    • Mac 10.15.7, 11 or later  
    • Windows 10 (64-bit) version 1809 or later 
  • Browsers supported 
    • Two most recent versions of these browsers for Mac & PC: Chrome, Firefox 
    • These versions depend on your device’s operating system
      • Mac only: Safari
      • PC only: Microsoft Edge  
  • System Administrators: System must be able to access these endpoints: and

To know more, visit Photoshop system requirements and known issues.  

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