In Premiere Pro, you specify the settings for each sequence, trim your clips, and assemble clips in sequences.
Every Premiere Pro project can contain one or more sequences, and each sequence in a project can have settings different from the settings for the others. For example, one project can contain one sequence optimized for 30-fps widescreen DV assets, another for standard 24-fps DV assets, and still another for HDV footage.
You assemble and rearrange sequences in one or more Timeline panels, where their clips, transitions, and effects are represented graphically. You can open a particular sequence on a tab in a Timeline panel among other sequences, or keep it by itself in its own dedicated Timeline panel.
A sequence can consist of multiple video and audio tracks running parallel in a Timeline panel. Multiple tracks are used to superimpose or mix clips. A sequence must contain at least one video track and one audio track.
Sequences with audio tracks must also contain a master audio track, where the output of regular audio tracks is directed for mixing. Multiple audio tracks are used to mix audio. You can specify the type of audio channels supported by each audio track and decide how they are sent to a Master audio track. To achieve even greater control over the mixing process, you can create submix tracks.
A single Timeline panel appears in a frame in the lower central portion of the screen when you first launch Premiere Pro, open any of its default workspaces, or create a project. You can remove all sequences from a Timeline panel, or add multiple sequences to it, each appearing as a tab within that Timeline panel. You can also open multiple Timeline panels, each within its own frame, with each containing any number of sequences.
You can show or hide items by selecting, or deselecting them in the Timeline panel menu. These items include: time ruler numbers, and the work area bar.
Open more than one sequence. For more information about opening sequences see Open a sequence.
Measures sequence time horizontally. Tick marks and numbers indicating the sequence time are displayed along the ruler and change according to the level of detail at which you view the sequence. By default these tick marks and numbers are based on the timecode display style specified in the Display Format field of the New Sequence dialog box (although you may toggle to a counting method based on audio samples). Time ruler numbers are off by default. Enable timecode numbers by selecting Time Ruler Numbers in the Timeline panel menu. The time ruler also displays icons for markers and the sequence In and Out points.
(Formerly called the Current-Time Indicator or CTI) Indicates the current frame displayed in the Program Monitor. The current frame displays in the Program Monitor. The playhead is an orange triangle in the ruler. A vertical line extends from the playhead to the bottom of the time ruler. You can change the current time by dragging the playhead.
Current time display
Shows the timecode for the current frame in a Timeline panel. To move to a different time, click in the time display and enter a new time, or place the pointer over the display and drag left or right. You can change the display between timecode and the simple frame count by Ctrl-clicking (Windows) or command-clicking (Mac OS) the current time in either a monitor or a Timeline panel.
Zoom scroll bar
Located at the bottom of the Timeline panel, this bar corresponds with the visible area of the time ruler in the Timeline. The Source Monitor and Program Monitor also have zoom scroll bars. You can drag the handles to change the width of the bar and change the scale of the time ruler.
- Expanding the bar to its maximum width reveals the entire duration of the time ruler. Contracting the bar zooms in for a more detailed view of the ruler. Expanding and contracting the bar is centered on the playhead.
- By positioning the mouse over the bar, you can scroll the mouse wheel to expand and contract the bar. You can also scroll the mouse wheel in the areas outside of the bars for the same expanding and contracting behavior.
- By dragging the center of the bar, you can scroll the visible part of a time ruler without changing its scale. When you drag bar, you are not moving the playhead, however, you can move the bar and then click in the time ruler to move the playhead to the same area as the bar.
- Gestures for Mac OS are supported for the zoom scroll bar.
Work area bar
Specifies the area of the sequence that you want to render previews, or to define a region you plan to export. The work area bar is located in the lower portion of the time ruler. You can drag the edges of the work area bar, or use keyboard shortcuts to set the work area in a sequence. For details, see Define the work area for rendering.
The work area bar is not visible by default. To return the work area bar to the Timeline, enable it from the panel menu by selecting Work Area Bar. When the work area bar is enabled, commands for Render Effects in Work Area, and Render Entire Work Area are available in the Sequence menu. You can now use In and Out points for most things the Work Area does, so you can keep it hidden and use In and Out points for rendering an area of the Timeline, or for marking an area to export for encoding.
Change the scale of the time ruler to increase or decrease the number of frames visible within the current viewing area. The zoom controls are located at the bottom left of a Timeline panel.
Source track indicator
Represents a video or audio track of the clip in the Source Monitor. Place into the head of the Timeline track where you want to insert or overwrite the source clip track.
In the time ruler, drag the playheador click where you want to position the playhead.
Drag in the current time display.
Click in the current time display, type a valid time, and press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS).
Use any playback control in the Program Monitor.
Press the Left Arrow or Right Arrow key to move the playhead in the direction you want. Press Shift while pressing the arrow keys to move in increments of five frames.
Click the timecode value, type a new time, and press Enter (Windows) or Return (Mac OS). Do not use the number pad on Mac OS. You can use any of the following shortcuts when entering timecode:
Omit semicolons (NTSC) or colons (PAL)
For example, 1213 becomes 00;00;12;13 for NTSC projects, and 00:00:12:13 for PAL projects.
Enter values that exceed the normal values
For example, with 30 fps timecode, if the playhead is at 00;00;12;23, and you want to move 10 frames ahead, you can change the frame number to 00;00;12;33. The playhead moves to 00;00;13;03.
Include a plus sign (+) or minus sign (–)
A plus sign or minus sign before a number moves the playhead ahead or back a specified number of frames. For example, +55 moves the playhead ahead 55 frames.
You can also position the Selection tool over the timecode value and drag to the left or right. The farther you drag, the more quickly the timecode changes.
With the Timeline panel active, to zoom in, press +. To zoom out, press -.
To zoom in, select the Zoom tool , and then click or drag a marquee selection around the part of the sequence you want to see in more detail. To zoom out, select the Zoom tool , and then Alt-click (Windows) or Option-click (Mac OS) an area in a Timeline panel.
Use the zoom scroll bar. To zoom in, drag the ends of the viewing area bar closer together. To zoom out, drag them farther apart.
Press the Alt key (Windows) or Option key (Mac OS) and turn the mouse scroll wheel to zoom and out at the mouse pointer’s position.
You can pinch to zoom the Multi-Touch trackpad to zoom in and out of the sequence.
(Roman and Russian keyboards only) To zoom out so that the entire sequence appears in a Timeline panel, press the backslash (\) key. To zoom in to the view you had before pressing the backslash key, press the backslash key again.
When you have a long sequence of clips, many of them are out of view. If you need to work on a clip that is out of view, you need to scroll horizontally in your sequence in the Timeline panel. For each of these commands, the Timeline panel need not be selected, however, your mouse should hover over the Timeline panel.
Scroll the mouse wheel.
Use the Page Up key to move left and the Page Down key to move right.
Press the Alt key (Windows), or Command key (Mac OS), and then turn the mouse wheel.
Drag the zoom scroll bar at the bottom of the Timeline panel left or right.
On Apple MacBook Pro computers, move two fingers horizontally on the Multi-Touch trackpad to navigate the sequence horizontally.
When video or audio clips are stacked up in tracks on the timeline, they can sometimes be hidden from view. If you need to work on a clip that is out of view, you need to scroll vertically in your sequence in the Timeline. Do one of the following to scroll vertically in a sequence in the Timeline. For each of these commands, the Timeline panel need not be selected, however, your mouse should hover over the Timeline panel.
In the right of the Timeline panel drag up or down in the scroll bar.
Place the mouse pointer anywhere in the Timeline panel and turn the mouse wheel.
On Apple MacBook Pro computers, move two fingers vertically on the Multi-Touch trackpad to navigate the sequence vertically.
The video and audio tracks in a Timeline panel are where you arrange clips, edit them, and add special effects. You can add or remove tracks as needed, rename them, and determine which to affect by a procedure.
New video tracks appear above existing video tracks, and new audio tracks appear below existing audio tracks. Deleting a track removes all clips in the track but does not affect source clips listed in the Project panel.
You can add any number of tracks, limited only by your system’s resources.
To add tracks, type, or drag the hot text to, the number of tracks you want to add in the Add field for video, audio, and audio submix tracks.
To specify the placement of added tracks, choose an option from the Placement menu for each type of track added.
To specify the type of audio or submix track you want to add, choose an option from the Track Type menu for audio and audio submix tracks. (For more about audio channel types, see Audio tracks in a sequence.)
An audio track can accept only audio clips that use the matching channel type—mono, stereo, or 5.1. If you’re not sure what kind of audio your clips use, select the clip in the Project panel and read its information in the preview area.
You can add a track as you add a clip to the sequence. See Add a track while adding a clip.
Andrew Devis shows how to add and remove tracks in this video tutorial on the Creative Cow web site.
You can determine which tracks will be affected when your perform an insert, ripple delete, or ripple trim operation by enabling Sync Lock on those tracks. Tracks which have a clip that is part of the operation will always shift regardless of their sync-lock state, but the other tracks will shift their clip content only if their sync lock is enabled. With an insert edit, for example, if you want all the clips to the right of the edit on Video 1 and Audio 1 to shift to the right while leaving all the clips on Audio 2 in place, enable Sync Lock on Video 1 and Audio 1.
To disable Sync Lock on one or more tracks, click, or Shift-click for all tracks of a type, the Toggle Sync Lock box again so that it contains no Sync Lock icon.
Locking an entire track is useful for preventing changes to any clips on that track while you work on other parts of the sequence. In a Timeline panel, a pattern of slashes appears over a locked track. Although clips in a locked track cannot be modified in any way, they are included when you preview or export the sequence. If you want to lock both a video track and a track with corresponding audio, lock each track separately. When you lock a target track, it is no longer the target; source clips cannot be added to the track until you unlock it and target it again.
You can lock a track to prevent it from shifting when you perform insert edits.
You can exclude video or audio clips in any track from previews and export. Clips in excluded video tracks appear as black video in the Program Monitor and in output files. Clips in excluded audio tracks are not output to the Audio Mixer, to the speakers, or to output files.
Excluding a track with the Eye icon does not exclude it from outputs. If excluded tracks hold clips that run before or after clips on non-excluded tracks, black video will appear before or after the last clips in the non-excluded tracks. To trim this ending black video from the output files, set the In point and Out point as desired in the Export Settings dialog box.
Click to hide the Eye icon (for video) or the Speaker icon (for audio) at the left edge of the track. (Each icon is a toggle switch. Click its box again to display the icon and include the track.)
To exclude all video or all audio tracks, Shift-click to hide the Eye icon (for video) or the Speaker icon (for audio). This excludes all tracks of the same type. (Each icon is a toggle switch. Shift-click its box again to display all the icons and include the tracks.)
You can customize the tracks in a Timeline panel in several ways. You can expand or collapse tracks to display or hide track controls. Choosing from several display options, you can control how video and audio clips appear on a track. In addition, you can change the size of the header area or move the boundary between the video and audio tracks to display more tracks of either type.
You can expand a track to display track controls. Increase the height of a track to better see icons and keyframes or to display larger views of video track thumbnails and audio track waveforms.
To resize the track, position the pointer in the track header area between two tracks so that the height adjustment icon appears, and then drag up or down to resize the track below (for video) or the track above (for audio).
You can expand an audio track to use the audio fade line for either individual clips in that track or for the entire audio track.
Click the Set Display Style button at the left corner below the track name, and choose an option from the menu:
Displays thumbnail images along the entire duration of the clips in the expanded track. The number of thumbnail frames corresponds to the time units displayed in the time ruler.
You can determine whether new video tracks show all keyframes, hide all keyframes, or show opacity handles, by default when they are created.
You can determine whether new audio tracks hide all keyframes, or show Clip Keyframes, Clip Volume, Track Keyframes, or Track Volume, by default when they are created.
For information about viewing and adjusting keyframes in video and audio tracks, see View keyframes and graphs.
In many cases, you want to create a sequence that matches the characteristics of the primary assets (clips) that you’ll be editing. You can create a sequence that matches the characteristics of an asset by dragging the asset to the New Item button at the bottom of the Project panel.
You can also create a sequence by using a sequence preset. The sequence presets included with Premiere Pro include the correct settings for common types of assets. For example, if you have footage mostly in DV format, use a DV sequence preset.
If you plan to specify lower quality settings for output (such as streaming web video), don’t change your sequence settings. Instead, change your export settings later.
When all the parameters of your assets do not match all the settings of any preset, in the Sequence Presets tab of the New Sequence dialog box, do one of the following.
Select a preset with most settings matching the parameters of the assets you want to edit, then select the Settings tab, and customize the preset so that its settings match the asset parameters exactly.
Without selecting a preset, select the Settings tab of the New Preset dialog box. Select Custom from the Editing Mode menu, and customize the settings until they match the parameters of your assets.
If your computer has a capture card compatible with Premiere Pro, the Available Presets list shows presets optimized for the card, in some cases.
The sequence settings must be correct when you create the sequence. Once a sequence is created, some sequence settings, such as the timebase settings, are locked. This locking prevents unwanted inconsistencies that could result from changing sequence settings later.
When a merged clip is used to create a new Sequence from Clip, there may be empty stereo audio tracks, depending on the media format. You may delete these empty stereo audio tracks, if you wish.
If the attributes do not match, a Clip Mismatch Warning dialog box launches with the message, “The clips does not match the sequence settings. Change sequence to match the clip’s settings?” Do one of the following:
Choose Change Sequence Settings if you want to create a new sequence with attributes that match the clip. This technique is the one to do if you are creating a new sequence from scratch. If there are existing clips in the sequence, they will be conformed with the new sequence settings.
Choose Keep Sequence Settings if you want the clip to be conformed to play back in the existing sequence.
All sequence settings apply to the whole sequence, and most cannot be changed after a sequence is created.
When creating a sequence, you can select from among the standard sequence presets. Alternatively, you can customize a group of settings, and save the group in a custom sequence settings preset. If you want full control over almost all the sequence parameters, start a new sequence and customize its settings.
After you begin working in a sequence, you can review sequence settings, but you can change only a few of them. Choose Sequence > Sequence Settings to view the settings you can change.
Creating a sequence opens the New Sequence dialog box. The New Sequence dialog box contains three tabs, each with a number of settings: Sequence Presets, General, and Tracks.
Available Presets are groups of sequence settings.Premiere Pro comes with several categories of sequence settings presets installed, like the following:
- Digital SLR
- DV-NTSC (North American standard)
- DV-PAL (European standard)
- Mobile & Devices
- XDCAM EX
- XDCAM HD422
- XDCAM HD.
These sequence settings presets contain the correct settings for the most typical sequence types. For example, use the AVC-Intra, DVCPRO50, and DVCPROHD sequence settings presets to edit AVC-Intra or DVCPRO material shot on Panasonic P2 video cameras. For DV25 material recorded in Panasonic P2 format, use a preset for DV-NTSC or DV-PAL, depending on the television standard of the footage.
The settings tab in the New Sequence dialog box control the fundamental characteristics of the sequence.
Choose settings that conform to the specifications for the type of output intended for your project. For example, if your target output is DV NTSC, use the DV NTSC editing mode. Changing these settings arbitrarily often results in a loss of quality.
Determines the following:
The video format used for preview files and playback
The timebases available
The compression methods which appear in the Video Settings panel
The display formats available.
Choose an Editing Mode option that best matches the specifications of your target format, preview display, or capture card.
The editing mode does not determine the format of your final movie. You specify output settings when you export.
The Custom editing mode allows you to customize all of the other sequence settings.
DV video and audio use standardized settings that are specified automatically when you select either DV editing mode. When you use a DV editing mode, avoid changing the Timebase, Frame Size, Pixel Aspect Ratio, Fields, and Sample Rate settings.
(Windows only) To access the Uncompressed UYVY 422 8-Bit codec or the V210 10-bit YUV codec, select Desktop for the Editing Mode.
Specifies the time divisions Premiere Pro uses to calculate the time position of each edit. In general, choose 24 for editing motion-picture film, 25 for editing PAL (European standard) and SECAM video, and 29.97 for editing NTSC (North American standard) video. The frame rate of the video you play back or export from sequences is not the same as its timebase. However, timebase and frame rate are often set to the same value. The options listed for Timebase vary according to the editing mode you select.
For information about Playback Settings, see Preview on a television monitor via camcorder or deck.
Specifies the dimensions, in pixels, for frames when you play back sequences. In most cases, match the frame size for your project to the frame size of your source files. Do not change the frame size to compensate for slow playback. Instead, choose a different quality setting from the Project panel menu. Alternatively, you can adjust the frame size of final output by changing export settings.
The maximum frame size for a sequence is 10,240x8,192. See more information on maximum image sizes.
Pixel Aspect Ratio
Sets the aspect ratio for individual pixels. Choose Square Pixels for analog video, scanned images, and computer-generated graphics, or choose the format used by your source. If you use a pixel aspect ratio different from the pixel aspect ratio of your video, the video often gets rendered with distortion.
Specifies the field order, or which field of each frame is drawn first. If you work with progressive-scan video, select No Fields (Progressive Scan). Many capture cards capture fields regardless of whether the source footage was shot with progressive scan. (See Interlaced video, noninterlaced video, and progressive scanning)
Display Format (Video)
Premiere Pro can display any of several formats of timecode. You can display the project timecode in a film format, for example, if you are editing footage captured from film. You can display timecode in simple frame numbers if your assets came from an animation program. Changing the Display Format option does not alter the frame rate of clips or sequences—it changes only how their timecodes are displayed. The time display options correspond to standards for editing video and motion-picture film. For Frames and Feet + Frames timecodes, you can change the starting frame number to match the time-counting method of another editing system you use.
The options made visible in the Display Format field depend on the Editing Mode selected. You can choose from the following Display Format options, depending on which editing mode is selected:
When working with NTSC video assets, use 30-fps drop-frame timecode. This format conforms with the timecode base inherent in NTSC video footage and displays its duration most accurately.
30-fps Drop-Frame Timecode
Reports time in hours, minutes, seconds, and frames, separating units with semicolons. Drop-frame timecode assumes a rate of 30 frames per second (fps), but skips some numbers by design. To accommodate the NTSC actual frame rate of 29.97 fps, drop-frame timecode skips, or drops, two frame numbers each minute except every tenth minute. Using drop-frame timecode drops timecode numbers, not the actual frames of video. Use drop-frame timecode for output to NTSC videotape.
Sample Rate (Audio)
In general, higher rates provide better audio quality when you play back audio in sequences, but they require more disk space and processing. Resampling, or setting a different rate from the original audio, also requires additional processing time and affects the quality. Try to record audio at a high-quality sample rate, and capture audio at the rate at which it was recorded.
Display Format (Audio)
Specifies whether audio time display is measured using audio samples or milliseconds. Display Format applies when Show Audio Time Units is selected in the Source Monitor or Program Monitor menu. (By default, time is displayed in frames, but it can be displayed in audio units for sample-level precision when you are editing audio.)
Video Previews settings
Video Previews settings determine the file format, compressor, and color depth Premiere Pro uses for preview files and playback of clips and sequences.
Among the various options, you can reduce the frame size of previews. This reduction permits faster and easier playback of formats with large frame sizes, such as HD and RED.
Specifies the codec used for creating preview files for the sequence.
(Windows only) The Uncompressed UYVY 422 8-bit codec and the V210 10-bit YUV codec match the specifications for SD-SDI and HD-SDI video respectively. Select one of these codecs if you intend to monitor or output to one of these formats. To access either of these formats, first choose the Desktop Editing Mode.
If you use a clip without applying effects or changing frame or time characteristics, Premiere Pro uses the original codec of the clip for playback. If you make changes that require recalculation of each frame, Premiere Pro applies the codec that you choose here.
Maximum Bit Depth
Maximizes the color bit depth, up to 32 bpc, to include in video played back in sequences. This setting is often not available if the selected compressor provides only one option for bit depth. You can also specify an 8-bit (256-color) palette when preparing a sequence for 8-bpc color playback, such as when using the Desktop editing mode for the web or for some presentation software. If your project contains high-bit-depth assets generated by programs such as Adobe Photoshop, or by high-definition camcorders, select Maximum Bit Depth. Premiere Pro then uses of all the color information in those assets when processing effects or generating preview files.
Maximum Render Quality
Maintains sharp detail when scaling from large formats to smaller formats, or from high-definition to standard-definition formats. Maximum Render Quality maximizes the quality of motion in rendered clips and sequences. Selecting this option often renders moving assets more sharply.
At maximum quality, rendering takes more time, and uses more RAM than at the default normal quality. Select this option only on systems with sufficient RAM. The Maximum Render Quality option is not recommended for systems with the minimum required RAM.
Maximum Render Quality often makes highly compressed image formats, or those containing compression artifacts, look worse because of sharpening.
For best results with Maximum Render Quality, select Memory from the Optimize Rendering For menu in preferences. For more information, see Optimize rendering for available memory.
Opens the Save Settings dialog box, where you can name, describe, and save your sequence settings.
Save and name your sequence settings even if you plan to use them in only one project. Saving settings creates a backup copy of the settings to which you can revert in case someone accidentally alters the current sequence settings.
Controls the number of video tracks and the number and type of audio tracks for new sequences you create.
Sets the default channel type for the Master track in new sequences to Mono, Stereo, 5.1 surround, or 16 Channel.
If you must change sequence settings that are unavailable, you can create a sequence with the settings you want. Then move the contents of the current sequence into it.
To ensure that a sequence is created to match the characteristics of an asset, drag the asset in the Project panel to the New Item button at the bottom of the Project panel. This prevents many mistakes that are made when entering sequence settings incorrectly or choosing the wrong sequence preset.
A sequence can contain different types of assets, in different formats, and with various different parameters. However, Premiere Pro performs best when the settings for a sequence match the parameters of most of the assets used in that sequence. To optimize performance and reduce rendering times, find out the asset parameters for the primary assets you want to edit before creating a sequence. After learning the asset parameters, you can create a sequence with settings to match. Before capturing assets from a tape-based device, learn these parameters also, so that you can select the correct capture settings. Asset parameters include the following:
Recording format (for example, DV, or DVCPRO HD)
File format (for example, AVI, MOV, or VOB
Frame aspect ratio (for example, 16:9, or 4:3)
Pixel aspect ratio (for example, 1.0, or 0.9091)
Frame rate (for example, 29.97 fps, or 23.976 fps)
Time base (for example, 29.97 fps, or 23.976 fps)
Fields (for example, progressive or interlaced)
Audio sample rate (for example, 32 Hz, or 48 Hz)
You can use the Properties panel to discover many of these parameters for your assets. See Viewing clip properties. Alternatively, you can use a third-party application, such as the freeware MediaInfo or GSpot Codec Information Appliance. To find the codecs used to generate a file, you can also choose Window > Show Movie Inspector in Apple QuickTime Player.
Assets can use codecs not supported natively by Premiere Pro. Often, you can edit these assets after installing the relevant codecs. However, beware of installing untested codecs that may themselves introduce severe problems with your computer system.
To customize most sequence settings, you must start a new sequence, select an existing preset, and change its settings.
Every editing mode does not support every possible frame rate. To create a custom preset with, for example, a 23.976 fps frame rate, select “Custom” as the Editing Mode. Then, select 23.976 frames/second from the Timebase menu.
In the Sequence Presets tab of the New Sequence dialog box, select the preset that most closely matches your video footage or the requirements of your capture card.
If you plan to create a custom sequence with Custom settings (accessed in the Editing Mode drop-down list), there is no need to select a preset before clicking the Settings tab.
You can change some of the settings for an existing sequence. Note that, depending on the Editing Mode selected, some of the settings will be fixed.
You can choose the video preview format and resolution in the Sequence Settings dialog box. Choose a resolution lower than the sequence frame size to play back previews in real time that the computer cannot play back at full frame size. During editing, Premiere Pro renders all previews at the specified preview size and scales them to the frame size of the sequence.
Select the sequence for which you want to change preview settings. Then, select Sequence > Sequence Settings.
In the Video Previews pane of the Sequence Settings dialog box, adjust the frame width and height values.
(Optional) To restore the frame size back to the original frame size for that sequence preset, click Reset.
Some sequence presets have only one file format and codec choice.
You can edit widescreen footage shot in DV, HDV, or HD formats. To display and play back widescreen assets correctly, you must set your sequence settings to accommodate widescreen assets.
For DV footage, select one of the DV-NTSC or DV-PAL presets with Widescreen in its name. These use horizontal pixels (with pixel aspect ratios of 1.2 for NTSC and 1.422 for PAL).
For an HDV project, select an HDV preset using HD Anamorphic 1080 (pixel aspect ratio 1.333) or Square pixels (pixel aspect ratio 1.0).
For an HD project, select one of the presets provided with your HD capture card.
You can edit HDV footage or HD footage in 720p, 1080p, or 1080i. When creating a new sequence for these formats, select or create the preset that best matches the specifications of your source footage.
The DVCPROHD presets included with are for editing material recorded to MXF files with a Panasonic P2 camcorder. Premiere Pro has presets also for AVCHD, XDCAM HD, and XDCAM EX. Additional HD sequence presets are usually installed into Premiere Pro when an HD capture card that supports Premiere Pro is installed.
For HDV footage, create and save a custom preset with settings to match the settings of your footage. For more information about creating custom sequence presets, see Create a custom sequence preset.
For best playback performance, it is sometimes helpful to render HD footage when you first place it into a sequence.
To edit DVCPROHD 720p footage shot at 25fps (e.g. 25pN native mode footage from PAL versions of the Panasonic HVX200 camera), choose the DVCPROHD 720p 50p preset. Then, select the General tab. Then, from the Timebase drop-down menu, select 25.00frames/second.
(Optional) To set the number of channels in the Master audio track, select the Tracks tab. In the Master menu in the Audio pane, select one of the following:
In Windows, you can create a custom project preset for previewing uncompressed 10-bit or uncompressed 8-bit footage. For more information, see Create a sequence with uncompressed video playback in Premiere Pro Help.
For the highest quality previews of sequences on an SDI card or device connected to an external monitor, you should use one of the uncompressed formats for preview files. Uncompressed 8-bit (4:2:2 YUV) is particularly suitable for projects meant for SD output, while Uncompressed 10-bit (4:2:2 YUV) is best for projects meant for HD. Additionally, with Uncompressed 10-bit (4:2:2 YUV) and high bit-depth color rendering Premiere Pro will make use of the color information in 10-bit assets and will upsample other assets in a sequence to generate 10-bit preview files. Premiere Pro delivers the best preview performance when using these preview file formats on a system with a supported SD-SDI or HD-SDI card installed.
Both these uncompressed formats do subsample video files at 4:2:2 YUV, but unlike the other file formats available for preview files, they do not then run the video data through a compressor. They are called uncompressed because they do not add this second layer of compression, and thereby retain much higher color depth in the previews than the compressed formats. As a consequence, uncompressed preview files can be quite a bit larger than compressed preview files.
In the Video Previews section, choose one of these sets of preview file formats and codecs, depending on your system:
For Windows, choose Preview File Format: Microsoft AVI and Codec: None (alternatively choose Uncompressed UYVY 422 8 bit).
For Mac OS, choose Preview File Format: QuickTime and Codec: None (alternatively choose Uncompressed YUV 10 bit 4:2:2 or Uncompressed YUV 8 bit 4:2:2).
Footage acquired from a camcorder or by film transfer, at roughly 24 non-interlaced (progressive) fps is called 24p footage. This footage emulates film in its picture quality and depiction of movement because the 24p frame rate is very close to that of motion-picture film, and each frame is built from progressive lines (not from interlaced half-frame fields). 24p formats have become popular among low-budget digital filmmakers because they lend a film look to its subjects.
To create a DV 24p sequence in Premiere Pro, you select the DV-24p sequence preset that matches the format and frame aspect ratio of your footage. You can import files and capture footage as usual.
Premiere Pro includes two alternate 24p pulldown schemes for DV 24p: Repeat Frame and Interlaced Frame. Both options convert 24p footage so that it plays back at 29.97 fps, but there are subtle visual and performance differences between them. You can select one of these options in the New Sequence settings when starting a new DV-24p sequence, or change it in an existing sequence.
If you edit DV-24p footage in a sequence based on one of the standard Premiere Pro DV-NTSC presets, Premiere Pro uses a 24p DV pulldown scheme to convert the footage to 29.97 fps interlaced video for playback to standard NTSC devices. You would use this method, for example, to export your DV 24p movie to a standard NTSC format for mastering to tape or broadcasting.
If you edit 24p footage in a sequence based on one of the DV-24p presets, Premiere Pro, by default, manages the 24p pulldown scheme, so that the video can be exported for playback on 24p NTSC devices. This allows you to export the movie to a file in a 24p format. You would use this method, for example, to export your movie to a DVD for playback on DVD players and TV monitors that support 24p formats.
Premiere Pro accepts 24p and 24pA footage only from cameras using these schemes.
Not all 24p source media has a pulldown, nor does it necessarily require it. Many new formats are 24 progressive-native, (24pn).” No pulldown scheme is applied to make them compatible with 30 fps video. Some P2 formats, all XDCAM and XDCAM-EX formats, and most AVCHD 24p formats are progressive native.
When you transfer 24-fps film to 29.97-fps video, you use a process called 3:2 pulldown, in which the film frames are distributed across video fields in a repeating 3:2 pattern. The first frame of film is copied to fields 1 and 2 of the first frame of video, and also to field 1 of the second video frame. The second frame of film is then spread across the next two fields of video—field 2 of the second video frame and field 1 of the third frame of video. This 3:2 pattern is repeated until four frames of film are spread over five frames of video, and then the pattern is repeated.
The 3:2 pulldown process results in whole frames (represented by a W) and split-field frames (represented by an S). The three whole video frames contain two fields from the same film frame. The remaining two split-field frames contain a video frame from two different film frames. The two split-field frames are always adjacent to each other.
The phase of 3:2 pulldown refers to the point at which the two split-field frames fall within the first five frames of the footage. Phase occurs as a result of two conversions that happen during 3:2 pulldown: 24-fps film is redistributed through 30-fps video, so each of four frames of 24-fps film is spread out over five frames of 30 (29.97)-fps video. First, the film is slowed down 0.1% to match the speed difference between 29.97 fps and 30 fps. Next, each film frame is repeated in a special pattern and mated to fields of video.
It’s important to remove 3:2 pulldown from video footage that was originally film, so that effects you add synchronize perfectly with the original frame rate of film. Removing 3:2 pulldown reduces the frame rate by 1/5: from 30 to 24 fps or from 29.97 to 23.976 fps. Reducing the frame rate also reduces the number of frames you have to change.
Premiere Pro also supports Panasonic DVX100 24p DV camera pulldown, called 24p Advance (24pA). This format is used by some cameras to capture 23.976 progressive-scan imagery using standard DV tapes.
If you capture 24p footage, Premiere Pro recognizes the footage as 24p and treats it accordingly, regardless of your sequence settings.
By default, Premiere Pro uses a 24p pulldown scheme to play back 24p DV footage at 29.97 fps in a project based on one of the NTSC presets. You can disable the pulldown scheme to give your movie the look of a film transferred to video or broadcast, without frame interpolation.
Additionally, you can apply any of a number of third-party film-look plug-in effects to the master sequence. These plug-ins can often perform telecine-style conversion, or add grain or color correction to simulate various film stocks. Pay close attention to lighting and, during shooting, use tripods and do slow pans to create the appearance of using a heavy film camera. Attention to these details gives your project more of a film look.
When you import 24p footage, Premiere Pro treats it as 23.976 fps progressive footage. Because of this, when you work with 24p footage in a 24p project, the timecode is displayed as 24 fps. However, the camera records and logs 24p footage in 30 fps non-drop-frame timecode. When you log 24p footage for capture, you log clips according to the camera’s timecode count of 30 fps non-drop-frame timecode.
For example, a clip that you log for capture may have an In point of 00:01:00:28. However, as an offline clip in a 24p project, the In point is shown as 00:01:00:23. In addition, mixing non-drop-frame footage with drop-frame footage can cause larger differences in timecode display between the project and the clip, with minutes, seconds, and entire durations seemingly out of sync. Be aware of these discrepancies as you edit.
If you use 30 fps non-drop-frame timecode for projects containing 24p footage, Premiere Pro drops every fifth frame from the 24p footage timecode count. When you view the properties of your 24p clip, the frame rate is shown as 23.976, but the timebase as 29.97. If you’d prefer to read a clip’s original timecode, do the following:
You can edit video for delivery to mobile phones, portable media players, and other portable devices. Selecting a project preset that matches the requirements of the target device is the easiest way to get started. When you are done editing your movie, use Adobe Media Encoder to encode it with the audio and video characteristics correct for the target devices.
To edit a movie aimed exclusively at devices supporting 3GPP video at frame sizes of 176x144 or 88x72, select the CIF, QCIF, QQCIF preset.
To edit a movie for distribution on the web or on mobile devices that can display 4:3 video at frame sizes of 320x240 or 128x96, select the iPod, QVGA, Sub-QCIF preset.
A single project can contain multiple sequences. Different sequences within the same project can have different settings. You select settings for each sequence when you create it, but you can change some of these settings after a sequence is created.
To switch sequences, in the Program Monitor or in the Timeline panel, click the tab of the sequence you want to use. The sequence becomes the front most tab in both panels.
To view a sequence in a separate Timeline panel, drag the Sequence tab away from the panel to an empty area. Ctrl-drag (Windows), or Command-drag (Mac OS) to prevent the panel from docking.
To open a sequence in the Source Monitor, press Ctrl/Command and double-click the sequence in the Project panel. In the Timeline panel, press Ctrl/Command and double-click a nested sequence.
You can nest sequences within sequences—to any depth—to create complex groupings and hierarchies. You can nest a sequence into another having a different timebase, frame size, and pixel aspect ratio settings. A nested sequence appears as a single, linked video/audio clip, even though its source sequence can contain numerous video and audio tracks.
You can select, move, trim, and apply effects to nested sequences as you would to any other clip. Any changes you make to the source sequence are reflected in any nested instances created from it.
The ability to nest sequences enables you to employ a number of time-saving techniques and to create effects that otherwise would be difficult or impossible:
Reuse sequences. When you want to repeat a sequence—particularly a complex one—you can create it once, and then simply nest it in another sequence as many times as you want.
Apply different settings to copies of a sequence. For example, if you want a sequence to play back repeatedly but with a different effect each time, just apply a different effect to each instance of the nested sequence.
Streamline your editing space. Create complex, multilayered sequences separately; then add them to your main sequence as a single clip. This not only saves you from maintaining numerous tracks in the main sequence, but also potentially reduces the chances of inadvertently moving clips during editing (and possibly losing sync).
Create complex groupings and nested effects. For example, although you can apply only one transition to an edit point, you can nest sequences and apply a new transition to each nested clip—creating transitions within transitions. Or you can create picture-in-picture effects, in which each picture is a nested sequence, containing its own series of clips, transitions, and effects.
You cannot nest a sequence within itself.
You cannot nest a sequence containing a 16-channel audio track.
Actions involving a nested sequence may require additional processing time, because nested sequences can contain references to many clips, and Premiere Pro applies the actions to all of its component clips.
A nested sequence always represents the current state of its source. Changing the content of the source sequence is reflected in the content of nested instances. Duration is not directly affected.
A nested sequence clip’s initial duration is determined by its source. This includes empty space at the beginning of the source sequence, but not empty space at the end.
You can set a nested sequence’s In and Out points as you would other clips. Trimming a nested sequence does not affect the length of the source sequence. Also, subsequently changing the source sequence’s duration does not affect the duration of existing nested instances. To lengthen the nested instances and reveal material added to the source sequence, use standard trimming methods. Conversely, a shortened source sequence causes the nested instance to contain black video and silent audio (which you may need to trim off the nested sequence).
Premiere Pro cuts the selected clips from the sequence, sends the selected clips to a new sequence, and nests the new sequence in the original sequence, starting at the location of the first selected clip.
If you want to reveal a clip in a nested sequence (for example, to edit it), you can quickly open the source sequence at the exact frame you want to reveal.
To attach a closed caption data file to a sequence, see Closed Captioning workflow in Premiere Pro.