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Learn about content credentials

  1. Photoshop User Guide
  2. Introduction to Photoshop
    1. Dream it. Make it.
    2. What's new in Photoshop
    3. Edit your first photo
    4. Create documents
    5. Photoshop | Common Questions
    6. Photoshop system requirements
    7. Migrate presets, actions, and settings
    8. Get to know Photoshop
  3. Photoshop and other Adobe products and services
    1. Work with Illustrator artwork in Photoshop
    2. Work with Photoshop files in InDesign
    3. Substance 3D Materials for Photoshop
    4. Photoshop and Adobe Stock
    5. Use the Capture in-app extension in Photoshop
    6. Creative Cloud Libraries
    7. Creative Cloud Libraries in Photoshop
    8. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    9. Grid and guides
    10. Creating actions
    11. Undo and history
  4. Photoshop on the iPad
    1. Photoshop on the iPad | Common questions
    2. Get to know the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the iPad
    4. Create, open, and export documents
    5. Add photos
    6. Work with layers
    7. Draw and paint with brushes
    8. Make selections and add masks
    9. Retouch your composites
    10. Work with adjustment layers
    11. Adjust the tonality of your composite with Curves
    12. Apply transform operations
    13. Crop and rotate your composites
    14. Rotate, pan, zoom, and reset the canvas
    15. Work with Type layers
    16. Work with Photoshop and Lightroom
    17. Get missing fonts in Photoshop on the iPad
    18. Japanese Text in Photoshop on the iPad
    19. Manage app settings
    20. Touch shortcuts and gestures
    21. Keyboard shortcuts
    22. Edit your image size
    23. Livestream as you create in Photoshop on the iPad
    24. Correct imperfections with the Healing Brush
    25. Create brushes in Capture and use them in Photoshop
    26. Work with Camera Raw files
    27. Create and work with Smart Objects
    28. Adjust exposure in your images with Dodge and Burn
  5. Photoshop on the web beta
    1. Common questions | Photoshop on the web beta 
    2. Introduction to the workspace
    3. System requirements | Photoshop on the web beta
    4. Keyboard shortcuts | Photoshop on the web beta
    5. Supported file types | Photoshop on the web beta
    6. Open and work with cloud documents
    7. Collaborate with stakeholders
    8. Apply limited edits to your cloud documents
  6. Cloud documents
    1. Photoshop cloud documents | Common questions
    2. Photoshop cloud documents | Workflow questions
    3. Manage and work with cloud documents in Photoshop
    4. Upgrade cloud storage for Photoshop
    5. Unable to create or save a cloud document
    6. Solve Photoshop cloud document errors
    7. Collect cloud document sync logs
    8. Share access and edit your cloud documents
    9. Share files and comment in-app
  7. Workspace
    1. Workspace basics
    2. Learn faster with the Photoshop Discover Panel
    3. Create documents
    4. Use the Touch Bar with Photoshop
    5. Tool galleries
    6. Performance preferences
    7. Use tools
    8. Touch gestures
    9. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    10. Technology previews
    11. Metadata and notes
    12. Default keyboard shortcuts
    13. Touch capabilities and customizable workspaces
    14. Place Photoshop images in other applications
    15. Preferences
    16. Default keyboard shortcuts
    17. Rulers
    18. Show or hide non-printing Extras
    19. Specify columns for an image
    20. Undo and history
    21. Panels and menus
    22. Place files
    23. Position elements with snapping
    24. Position with the Ruler tool
    25. Presets
    26. Customize keyboard shortcuts
    27. Grid and guides
  8. Web, screen, and app design
    1. Photoshop for design
    2. Artboards
    3. Device Preview
    4. Copy CSS from layers
    5. Slice web pages
    6. HTML options for slices
    7. Modify slice layout
    8. Work with web graphics
    9. Create web photo galleries
  9. Image and color basics
    1. How to resize images
    2. Work with raster and vector images
    3. Image size and resolution
    4. Acquire images from cameras and scanners
    5. Create, open, and import images
    6. View images
    7. Invalid JPEG Marker error | Opening images
    8. Viewing multiple images
    9. Customize color pickers and swatches
    10. High dynamic range images
    11. Match colors in your image
    12. Convert between color modes
    13. Color modes
    14. Erase parts of an image
    15. Blending modes
    16. Choose colors
    17. Customize indexed color tables
    18. Image information
    19. Distort filters are unavailable
    20. About color
    21. Color and monochrome adjustments using channels
    22. Choose colors in the Color and Swatches panels
    23. Sample
    24. Color mode or Image mode
    25. Color cast
    26. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    27. Add swatches from HTML CSS and SVG
    28. Bit depth and preferences
  10. Layers
    1. Layer basics
    2. Nondestructive editing
    3. Create and manage layers and groups
    4. Select, group, and link layers
    5. Place images into frames
    6. Layer opacity and blending
    7. Mask layers
    8. Apply Smart Filters
    9. Layer comps
    10. Move, stack, and lock layers
    11. Mask layers with vector masks
    12. Manage layers and groups
    13. Layer effects and styles
    14. Edit layer masks
    15. Extract assets
    16. Reveal layers with clipping masks
    17. Generate image assets from layers
    18. Work with Smart Objects
    19. Blending modes
    20. Combine multiple images into a group portrait
    21. Combine images with Auto-Blend Layers
    22. Align and distribute layers
    23. Copy CSS from layers
    24. Load selections from a layer or layer mask's boundaries
    25. Knockout to reveal content from other layers
    26. Layer
    27. Flattening
    28. Composite
    29. Background
  11. Selections
    1. Select and Mask workspace
    2. Make quick selections
    3. Get started with selections
    4. Select with the marquee tools
    5. Select with the lasso tools
    6. Select a color range in an image
    7. Adjust pixel selections
    8. Convert between paths and selection borders
    9. Channel basics
    10. Move, copy, and delete selected pixels
    11. Create a temporary quick mask
    12. Save selections and alpha channel masks
    13. Select the image areas in focus
    14. Duplicate, split, and merge channels
    15. Channel calculations
    16. Selection
    17. Bounding box
  12. Image adjustments
    1. Perspective warp
    2. Reduce camera shake blurring
    3. Healing brush examples
    4. Export color lookup tables
    5. Adjust image sharpness and blur
    6. Understand color adjustments
    7. Apply a Brightness/Contrast adjustment
    8. Adjust shadow and highlight detail
    9. Levels adjustment
    10. Adjust hue and saturation
    11. Adjust vibrance
    12. Adjust color saturation in image areas
    13. Make quick tonal adjustments
    14. Apply special color effects to images
    15. Enhance your image with color balance adjustments
    16. High dynamic range images
    17. View histograms and pixel values
    18. Match colors in your image
    19. How to crop and straighten photos
    20. Convert a color image to black and white
    21. Adjustment and fill layers
    22. Curves adjustment
    23. Blending modes
    24. Target images for press
    25. Adjust color and tone with Levels and Curves eyedroppers
    26. Adjust HDR exposure and toning
    27. Filter
    28. Blur
    29. Dodge or burn image areas
    30. Make selective color adjustments
    31. Replace object colors
  13. Adobe Camera Raw
    1. Camera Raw system requirements
    2. What's new in Camera Raw
    3. Introduction to Camera Raw
    4. Create panoramas
    5. Supported lenses
    6. Vignette, grain, and dehaze effects in Camera Raw
    7. Default keyboard shortcuts
    8. Automatic perspective correction in Camera Raw
    9. How to make non-destructive edits in Camera Raw
    10. Radial Filter in Camera Raw
    11. Manage Camera Raw settings
    12. Open, process, and save images in Camera Raw
    13. Repair images with the Enhanced Spot Removal tool in Camera Raw
    14. Rotate, crop, and adjust images
    15. Adjust color rendering in Camera Raw
    16. Feature summary | Adobe Camera Raw | 2018 releases
    17. New features summary
    18. Process versions in Camera Raw
    19. Make local adjustments in Camera Raw
  14. Image repair and restoration
    1. Remove objects from your photos with Content-Aware Fill
    2. Content-Aware Patch and Move
    3. Retouch and repair photos
    4. Correct image distortion and noise
    5. Basic troubleshooting steps to fix most issues
  15. Image transformations
    1. Transform objects
    2. Adjust crop, rotation, and canvas size
    3. How to crop and straighten photos
    4. Create and edit panoramic images
    5. Warp images, shapes, and paths
    6. Vanishing Point
    7. Use the Liquify filter
    8. Content-aware scaling
    9. Transform images, shapes, and paths
    10. Warp
    11. Transform
    12. Panorama
  16. Drawing and painting
    1. Paint symmetrical patterns
    2. Draw rectangles and modify stroke options
    3. About drawing
    4. Draw and edit shapes
    5. Painting tools
    6. Create and modify brushes
    7. Blending modes
    8. Add color to paths
    9. Edit paths
    10. Paint with the Mixer Brush
    11. Brush presets
    12. Gradients
    13. Gradient interpolation
    14. Fill and stroke selections, layers, and paths
    15. Draw with the Pen tools
    16. Create patterns
    17. Generate a pattern using the Pattern Maker
    18. Manage paths
    19. Manage pattern libraries and presets
    20. Draw or paint with a graphics tablet
    21. Create textured brushes
    22. Add dynamic elements to brushes
    23. Gradient
    24. Paint stylized strokes with the Art History Brush
    25. Paint with a pattern
    26. Sync presets on multiple devices
  17. Text
    1. Add and edit the text
    2. Unified Text Engine
    3. Work with OpenType SVG fonts
    4. Format characters
    5. Format paragraphs
    6. How to create type effects
    7. Edit text
    8. Line and character spacing
    9. Arabic and Hebrew type
    10. Fonts
    11. Troubleshoot fonts
    12. Asian type
    13. Create type
    14. Text Engine error using Type tool in Photoshop | Windows 8
  18. Video and animation
    1. Video editing in Photoshop
    2. Edit video and animation layers
    3. Video and animation overview
    4. Preview video and animations
    5. Paint frames in video layers
    6. Import video files and image sequences
    7. Create frame animations
    8. Creative Cloud 3D Animation (Preview)
    9. Create timeline animations
    10. Create images for video
  19. Filters and effects
    1. Use the Liquify filter
    2. Use the Blur Gallery
    3. Filter basics
    4. Filter effects reference
    5. Add Lighting Effects
    6. Use the Adaptive Wide Angle filter
    7. Use the Oil Paint filter
    8. Layer effects and styles
    9. Apply specific filters
    10. Smudge image areas
  20. Saving and exporting
    1. Save your files in Photoshop
    2. Export your files in Photoshop
    3. Supported file formats
    4. Save files in graphics formats
    5. Move designs between Photoshop and Illustrator
    6. Save and export video and animations
    7. Save PDF files
    8. Digimarc copyright protection
  21. Printing
    1. Print 3D objects
    2. Print from Photoshop
    3. Print with color management
    4. Contact Sheets and PDF Presentations
    5. Print photos in a picture package layout
    6. Print spot colors
    7. Duotones
    8. Print images to a commercial printing press
    9. Improve color prints from Photoshop
    10. Troubleshoot printing problems | Photoshop
  22. Automation
    1. Creating actions
    2. Create data-driven graphics
    3. Scripting
    4. Process a batch of files
    5. Play and manage actions
    6. Add conditional actions
    7. About actions and the Actions panel
    8. Record tools in actions
    9. Add a conditional mode change to an action
    10. Photoshop UI toolkit for plug-ins and scripts
  23. Color Management
    1. Understanding color management
    2. Keeping colors consistent
    3. Color settings
    4. Work with color profiles
    5. Color-managing documents for online viewing
    6. Color-managing documents when printing
    7. Color-managing imported images
    8. Proofing colors
  24. Content authenticity
    1. Learn about content credentials
    2. Identity and provenance for NFTs
    3. Connect accounts for creative attribution
  25. 3D and technical imaging
    1. Photoshop 3D | Common questions around discontinued 3D features
    2. Creative Cloud 3D Animation (Preview)
    3. Print 3D objects
    4. 3D painting
    5. 3D panel enhancements | Photoshop
    6. Essential 3D concepts and tools
    7. 3D rendering and saving
    8. Create 3D objects and animations
    9. Image stacks
    10. 3D workflow
    11. Measurement
    12. DICOM files
    13. Photoshop and MATLAB
    14. Count objects in an image
    15. Combine and convert 3D objects
    16. 3D texture editing
    17. Adjust HDR exposure and toning
    18. 3D panel settings

  Try Photoshop's beta features today!
Beta features are now available for development, testing, and feedback. For help, please visit the Adobe Photoshop beta community.

What is Content Credentials (Beta)?
Updated in the April 2022 release

Content Credentials (Beta) is a developing feature in Adobe Photoshop that (when enabled) gathers the edits, activity, and attribution information associated with the in-progress content. When exported, these details are captured as tamper-evident attribution and history data (called content credentials) that creators attach to the final content.

This feature aligns with the upcoming C2PA standard to provide digital provenance across the internet. It creates an open format for sharing information about the producer’s identity and the ingredients and tools used to make the content. These ultimately provide useful attribution information for audiences once the producer shares or publishes the image.

Content Credentials (Beta) is part of a growing ecosystem of technologies available through the Content Authenticity Initiative (CAI). Adobe and our 700+ CAI members are dedicated to restoring trust online by creating a standard way to share visual content without losing key contextual details such as who made it, when, and how. Alongside the CAI, Adobe also co-founded a standards development organization, the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA), to develop an open, global standard for sharing this information across platforms and sites.

The April update of Photoshop will be the first major implementation of the newly released 1.0 specification of the C2PA standard. Content Credentials (Beta) will interoperate with other adopters’ products, including software, hardware devices, publishing systems, and media platforms.

This update impacts existing images using Content Credentials (Beta) in Photoshop:

  • Content Credentials (Beta) made before the update will not be fully C2PA 1.0 compliant.
  • If the image has already been exported and attached to an image, we will support a legacy Verify site to inspect and compare images as normal.
  • If the image hasn’t been exported and signed yet, any in-process Content Credentials (Beta) information will be lost in the update. Users who continue with these documents after the update and attach a Content Credential will see a disclaimer in their exported images.
  • Content Credentials (Beta) made after the update will be C2PA 1.0 compliant and can be used as normal.

To learn more about the Content Authenticity Initiative, check out


Content Credentials (Beta) is currently available in English, German, French, and Japanese.

Why use Content Credentials (Beta)?

The Content Credentials (Beta) feature in Photoshop is part of a broader project called the Content Authenticity Initiative (CAI). CAI is an Adobe-led community of creators, technologists, journalists, activists, and educators - focused on addressing digital misinformation through an open, extensible approach for capturing, editing, and publishing content with provenance and attribution.

When to use Content Credentials (Beta)

The Content Credentials (Beta) feature is most useful for creators when they want to track attribution and provide a layer of transparency for their audience. The feature can be used by casual and professional artists alike to provide a layer of trust for some of the following purposes:

  • Creator attribution - Creators can use Content Credentials (Beta) to capture their editing process and add edits and attribution to their work to share with their viewers. This feature also ensures that they receive credit for their content as it is published and shared.

Behance supports Content Credentials (Beta) in the single image viewer, where creators can display the content credentials with their work. Viewers can also check the digital attribution history of creative work and explore that information in Verify

  • Photojournalism - Photographers can capture editing details, image history, and attribution to share with their audiences. Check out our case study that demonstrates the end-to-end system of Content Credentials (Beta)
  • NFTs - Buyers and sellers of non-fungible token (NFT) artwork can use Content Credentials (Beta) to see the history and attribution of a piece of artwork before it enters the blockchain. 

You can learn more about asset vs. token provenance for NFTs and how to add your cryptocurrency address to Content Credentials (Beta)

How to use Content Credentials (Beta) on Photoshop

Enable and Opt-in to Content Credentials (Beta)

  1. Go to Preferences > History & Content Credentials and select Content Credentials (Beta) to enable the feature.


    Content Credentials (Beta) attaches content credentials to an image only if a user explicitly enables the feature and chooses to attach them upon export.

  2. To adjust your Content Credentials (Beta) settings, go to Window > Content Credentials (Beta). You should be able to view this icon on your panels bar. This panel allows you to select what information about your content you would like to be attached to your content. 

Preview your work's Content Credentials (Beta)

Either use the Content Credentials (Beta) icon in the panels bar or go to Window > Content Credentials (Beta) and select Preview. You will see the following options: 

  • Produced by: the chosen name of the person or entity who exported the content.
  • Produced with: the editing application used to produce this work.
  • Edits and activity: the actions taken on the content by the producer.
  • Signed by: the organization that claims the content credentials.
  • Signed on: the date the content is signed by the signer.

Export work with attached Content Credentials (Beta)

Go to File > Export > Export As and select Attach to image to attach the Content Credentials (Beta) of your final PNG or JPG.

Drop and view on Verify and Behance


Choose a file on Verify to read an image’s content credentials, which includes its edits and activity, producer details, and signer. 

Try Verify


Behance is the leading online platform to showcase and discover creative work. Casual and professional artists can include content credentials along with their creative works on this platform.

Check out Behance

Supported File Types

Content Credentials (Beta) only supports exporting JPG and PNG files during this beta.

Content Credentials known issues 

Content Credentials (Beta) is still in development, so the following features in Photoshop aren’t fully supported yet: 



3rd Party Plugins and Scripts 

Receive a disclaimer on your Content Credentials noting that unsupported actions were used or complete any Content Credentials work without the use of 3rd Party Scripts. 

Multi-device and multi-user flows 

Complete any Content Credentials work on the same device and with the same user account. 

Images created with pre 1.0 C2PA compliant versions of Content Credentials 

Use images created with Content Credentials from May 2022 or more recently to continue the use of Content Credentials.

Older images with Content Credentials will still work for viewing on a parallel version of Verify.

Offline exports 

Connect to the internet before exporting 

Exporting layers and artboards 

Export as a document rather than layers or artboards 

Co-editing and collaboration 

Ensure the user who exports the image is the one whose name and other attribution information is intended to be sealed in the Content Credentials 

Extremely large files 

Additional performance improvements for working with large files are underway. If facing issues with PNGs, try to use them as JPEGs.

If you receive the following message, it is likely that the file is too large.

Extremely large files

Mac users unable to open use Content Credentials for use after loading  

There will be a pop-up upon the first load of Photoshop that asks if cai-helper can access the documents folder.  


If this was not allowed by you, then you will have to go through System Preferences > Security & Privacy > Privacy > Files and Folders > cai-helper and allow access to the folder by checking the items. 

Allow access to cai-helper

Language support beyond English, German, French and Japanese 

Default to the English version if possible, and additional languages are coming soon!

Education plan users not having access 

While in Beta, Education plan users are unable to access the feature. We are planning support as and when Content Credentials become available in general. 

Are your content credentials missing from published content?

Many digital applications and tools erase image metadata when the image is loaded or published, including information related to Content Credentials (Beta). If you find your image’s content credentials are missing after publishing online, it’s likely because that application doesn’t yet support Content Credentials (Beta).

Minimum and recommended system requirements for Content Credentials (Beta)

  • Internet connection  
  • Creative Cloud or Photoshop subscription
  • Processors  
    • Mac Intel/ARM; Windows Intel  
  • Operating Systems   
    • Mac 10.15.7, 11 or later  
    • Windows 10 (64-bit) version 1809 or later 
  • Browsers supported 
    • Two most recent versions of these browsers for Mac & PC: Chrome, Firefox 
    • These versions depend on your device’s operating system
      • Mac only: Safari
      • PC only: Microsoft Edge  
  • System Administrators: System must be able to access these endpoints: and

To know more, visit Photoshop system requirements and known issues.  

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