About fonts

A font is a complete set of characters—letters, numbers, and symbols—that share a common weight, width, and style, such as 10‑pt Adobe Garamond Bold.

Typefaces (often called type families or font families) are collections of fonts that share an overall appearance, and are designed to be used together, such as Adobe Garamond.

A type style is a variant version of an individual font in a font family. Typically, the Roman or Plain (the actual name varies from family to family) member of a font family is the base font, which may include type styles such as regular, bold, semibold, italic, and bold italic.

For CJK-language fonts, the font style name is often determined by the variation in thickness (also called weight). For example, the Japanese font Kozuka-Mincho Std includes six weights: Extra Light, Light, Regular, Medium, Bold and Heavy. The font style name which is displayed depends on the font manufacturer. Each font style is a stand-alone file. If the font style file has not been installed, that font style cannot be selected from Font Style.

Organize and filter fonts

Quickly find the fonts that you use often by starring individual font families as favorites or selecting from recently used fonts that appear on top of the font list. Recently used and starred fonts are preserved across InCopy sessions.

Organize fonts
A. Recently used fonts B. Star fonts as favorites 

While searching for fonts, you can narrow down the results by filtering fonts by classification, such as Serif, Sans Serif, and Handwritten. Further, you can choose to search among fonts installed on your computer or synchronized fonts from Typekit.

You can also search for fonts based on visual similarity (). Fonts closest in visual appearance to the font you're searching for appear on top of the search results. A status strip in the font menu displays the information about the applied filters.

Show font similarity
Searching for fonts similar to Minion Pro Regular

Tools for searching fonts

search fonts
A. Show Fonts By Selected Classification B. Show Typekit Fonts C. Show Favorite Fonts D. Show Similar Fonts  

Show Fonts By Selected Classification

Filter the font list by classification, such as Serif, Script, and Handwritten.

Show Typekit Fonts

Display only synchronized fonts from Typekit in the font list.

Show Favorite Fonts

Show only starred fonts marked earlier as favorites.

Show Similar Fonts

Show fonts, including fonts from Typekit, that are visually similar to the selected font.

Note:

You can use Show Fonts By Selected Classification, Show Typekit Fonts, and Show Favorite Fonts in a combination to search for fonts. However, you cannot use Show Similar Fonts with any other filter.

Installing fonts

For information on installing and activating fonts to be used in all applications, see your system documentation or your font manager documentation.

You can make fonts available in InCopy by copying the font files into the Fonts folder inside the InDesign application folder on your hard drive. However, fonts in this Fonts folder are available only to InCopy .

If two or more fonts are active in InCopy and use the same family name but have different Adobe PostScript names, the fonts are available in InCopy . Duplicate fonts are listed in the menus with their font technologies abbreviated in parentheses. For example, a Helvetica TrueType font appears as “Helvetica (TT),” a Helvetica PostScript Type 1 font appears as “Helvetica (T1),” and a Helvetica OpenType font appears as “Helvetica (OTF).” If two fonts have the same PostScript name and one includes .dfont in its name, the other font is used.

Apply a font to text

When you specify a font, you can select the font family and its type style independently. When you change from one font family to another, InCopy attempts to match the current style with the style available in the new font family. For example, Arial Bold would change to Times Bold when you change from Arial to Times.

When you apply a bold or italic style to type, InCopy applies the typeface style specified by the font. In most cases, the specific version of bold or italic is applied as expected. However, some fonts may apply a bold or italic variation that isn’t exactly labeled bold or italic, respectively. For example, some font designers specify that when you apply bold to a font, the semibold variation is applied.

When applying a Roman font to text containing both CJK and Roman characters, a message is displayed to indicate that this operation will only apply to and override Roman text. By selecting text containing both CJK and Roman characters, and pressing Ctrl+Alt (Windows) or Command+Option (Mac OS) while selecting and overriding the Roman font you will apply Roman font to CJK characters, and garbled characters will be displayed.

Furthermore, when you apply a CJK font to text that includes Japanese and Roman characters, the CJK font is applied to the entire text, including the Roman text (CJK fonts without Roman characters will not be applied).

In the Font List displayed in the Character panel and by selecting Type > Font, CJK fonts are displayed before Roman fonts. In addition, when composite fonts have been created and specified, they are displayed above the CJK fonts.

  1. Select the text you want to change.
  2. Do any of the following:
    • In the Character panel or Control panel, select a font in the Font Family menu or a style in the Type Style menu. (In Mac OS, you can select type styles in the Font Family submenus.)

    • In the Character panel or Control panel, click in front of the font family name or type style name (or double-click its first word) and type in the first few characters of the name you want. As you type, InCopy displays font family or type style names that match the characters you’ve typed.

    • Choose a font in the Type > Font menu. Note that you choose both a font family and a type style when you use this menu.

Specify a typeface size

By default, typeface size is measured in points (a point equals 1/72 of an inch). You can specify any typeface size from 0.1 to 1296 points, in 0.001‑point increments.

Note:

In Fireworks, the typeface size is measured in pixels by default.

  1. Select the characters or type objects you want to change. If you don’t select any text, the typeface size applies to new text you create.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • In the Character panel or Control bar set the Font Size option.

    • Choose a size from the Type > Size menu. Choosing Other lets you type a new size in the Character panel.

    Note:

    You can change the unit of measurement for type in the Preferences dialog box. This option is not available in Fireworks.

Previewing fonts

You can view samples of a font in the font family and font style menus in the Character panel and other areas in the application from where you can choose fonts. The following icons are used to indicate different kinds of fonts:

  • OpenType

  • Type 1

  • TrueType

  • Multiple Master

  • Composite

    You can turn off the preview feature or change the point size of the font names or font samples in Type preferences.

OpenType fonts

OpenType fonts use a single font file for both Windows® and Macintosh® computers, so you can move files from one platform to another without worrying about font substitution and other problems that cause text to reflow. They may include a number of features, such as swashes and discretionary ligatures, that aren’t available in current PostScript and TrueType fonts.

Note:

OpenType fonts display the  icon.

When working with an OpenType font, you can automatically substitute alternate glyphs, such as ligatures, small capitals, fractions, and old style proportional figures, in your text.

stx_opentype
Regular (left) and OpenType (right) fonts

A. Ordinals B. Discretionary ligatures C. Swashes 

OpenType fonts may include an expanded character set and layout features to provide richer linguistic support and advanced typographic control. OpenType fonts from Adobe that include support for central European (CE) languages include the word “Pro,” as part of the font name in application font menus. OpenType fonts that don’t contain central European language support are labeled “Standard,” and have an “Std” suffix. All OpenType fonts can also be installed and used alongside PostScript Type 1 and TrueType fonts.

For more information on OpenType fonts, see www.adobe.com/go/opentype.

Installing OpenType fonts

InCopy includes fonts from various OpenType families, including Adobe Garamond Pro, Adobe Caslon Pro, Trajan Pro, Caflisch Script Pro, Myriad Pro, Lithos, and Adobe Jenson Pro.

In addition to Roman Open Type fonts such as Adobe Garamond Pro, Adobe Caslon Pro, Trajan Pro, Caflisch Script Pro, Myriad Pro, Lithos, and Adobe Jenson Pro, InCopy comes with Japanese Open Type fonts including Kozuka Mincho Pro and Kozuka Gothic Pro.

OpenType fonts are installed automatically when you install InCopy or Adobe Creative Suite 4. Additional OpenType fonts are located in the Adobe Fonts folder in the Goodies folder on the application DVD. For information on installing and using OpenType fonts, browse the application DVD or see the Adobe website.

Apply OpenType font attributes

Use the Character panel or Control panel to apply OpenType font attributes, such as fractions and swashes to text.

For more information on OpenType fonts, see www.adobe.com/go/opentype.

Apply OpenType font attributes using Character panel or Control panel

  1. Select text.
  2. In the Character panel or Control panel, make sure that an OpenType font is selected.
  3. Choose OpenType from the Character panel menu, and then select an OpenType attribute, such as Discretionary Ligatures or Fractions.

Features not supported in the current font appear in square brackets, such as [Swash].

Note:

You can also select OpenType font attributes when defining a paragraph or character style. Use the OpenType Features section of the Style Options dialog box.

Apply OpenType font attributes using in-context menu

Use the on-context menu to apply the OpenType font attributes applicable to the selected text.

  1. Select text.

  2. Select an OpenType attribute, such as Ordinals or Fractions, from the pop-up window.

Note:

If you see a badge after selecting the text or text frame, click the badge to see the list of OpenType attributes.

OpenType font attributes

When you use an OpenType font, you can select specific OpenType features from the Control panel or Character panel menu when formatting text or when defining styles.

Note:

OpenType fonts vary greatly in the number of type styles and kinds of features they offer. If an OpenType feature is unavailable, it’s surrounded in square brackets (such as [Swash]) in the Control panel menu.

Discretionary Ligatures

Font designers may include optional ligatures that shouldn’t be turned on in all circumstances. Selecting this option allows these additional optional ligatures to be used, if they are present. For more information on ligatures, see Apply ligatures to letter pairs.

Many compound character glyphs for Japanese katakana words, such as “me-toru” and for Kanji compounds, such as “yuugenkaisha,” can be accessed using the discretionary ligature feature.

Fractions

Numbers separated by a slash (such as 1/2) are converted to a fraction character, when fractions are available.

Ordinal

Ordinal numbers such as 1st and 2nd are formatted with superscript letters (1st and 2nd) when ordinals are available. Letters such as the superscript a and o in the Spanish words segunda (2a) and segundo (2o) are also typeset properly.

Swash

When available, regular and contextual swashes, which may include alternate caps and end-of-word alternatives, are provided.

Titling Alternatives

When available, characters used for uppercase titles are activated. In some fonts, selecting this option for text formatted in both uppercase and lowercase letters can yield undesired effects.

Contextual Alternatives

When available, contextual ligatures and connecting alternates are activated. Alternate characters are included in some script typefaces to provide better joining behavior. For example, the letter pair “bl” in the word “bloom” can be joined so that it looks more like handwriting. This option is selected by default.

All Small Caps

For fonts that include real small caps, selecting this option turns characters into small caps. For more information, see Change the case of type.

Slashed Zero

Selecting this options displays the number 0 with a diagonal slash through it. In some fonts (especially condensed fonts), it can be difficult to distinguish between the number 0 and the capital letter O.

Stylistic Sets

Some OpenType fonts include alternate glyph sets designed for esthetic effect. A stylistic set is a group of glyph alternates that can be applied one character at a time or to a range of text. If you select a different stylistic set, the glyphs defined in the set are used instead of the font’s default glyphs. If a glyph character in a stylistic set is used in conjunction with another OpenType setting, the glyph from the individual setting overrides the character set glyph. You can see the glyphs for each set using the Glyphs panel.

Positional Forms

In some cursive scripts and in languages such as Arabic, what a character looks like can depend on its position inside a word. The character may change form when it appears at the start (initial position), middle (medial position), or end (final position) of a word, and it may change form as well when it appears alone (isolated position). Select a character and choose a Positional Forms option to format it correctly. The General Form option inserts the common character; the Automatic Form option inserts a form of the character according to where the character is located in the word and whether the character appears in isolation.

Superscript/Superior & Subscript/Inferior

Some OpenType fonts include raised or lowered glyphs that are sized correctly relative to the surrounding characters. If an OpenType font doesn’t include these glyphs for non-standard fractions, consider using the Numerator and Denominator attributes.

Numerator & Denominator

Some OpenType fonts convert only basic fractions (such as 1/2 or 1/4) to fraction glyphs, not non-standard fractions (such as 4/13 or 99/100). Apply Numerator and Denominator attributes to these non-standard fractions in such cases.

Tabular Lining

Same widths are provided for full-height figures. This option is appropriate in situations where numbers need to line up from one line to the next, as in tables.

Proportional Oldstyle

Varying-height figures with varying widths are provided. This option is recommended for a classic, sophisticated look in text that doesn’t use all caps.

Proportional Lining

Full-height figures with varying widths are provided. This option is recommended for text that uses all caps.

Tabular Oldstyle

Varying-height figures with fixed, equal widths are provided. This option is recommended when you want the classic appearance of old-style figures, but you need them to align in columns, as in an annual report.

Default Figure Style

Figure glyphs use the default figure style of the current font.

Use Proportional Metrics

Characters are composed using the proportional metrics of the font.

Use H or V Kana

For fonts that include Kana for vertical or horizontal writing, Kana glyphs most appropriate for horizontal or vertical settings are provided.

Roman Italics

If the font contains italic glyphs, the proportional Roman glyph switches to italic type.

Apply OpenType glyph forms

The Glyphs panel includes a number of options, such as Expert Forms or JIS 90 Forms, that you can apply to selected text.

  1. Choose Type > Glyphs to open the Glyphs panel.
  2. Select the character or characters to which you’d like to apply glyph forms.
  3. Choose an option such as Expert Forms or JIS 90 from the Glyphs panel menu.

For more information on OpenType fonts, see www.adobe.com/go/opentype.

Composite fonts

In InDesign, you can mix parts of different fonts and use them as a composite font in InDesign or Adobe InCopy®. Normally this technique is used to mix parts of a roman font and a CJK font. Composite fonts that you’ve created in InDesign are displayed at the beginning of the font list in InCopy. You can apply these fonts to text, but you cannot create or edit composite fonts in InCopy. For details, see InDesign Help.

Use composite fonts

You can mix parts of different fonts and use them as a composite font. Normally this technique is used to mix parts of a Roman font and a CJK font. You can also add characters to a font. Composite fonts are displayed at the beginning of the font list.

op_30Ja
Composite fonts

A. Character categories B. Input menu for each category change C. Scale at the center of the character 

Create composite fonts

  1. Choose Type > Composite Font.
  2. Click New, enter the name, specify the composite font on which the new composite font will be based, and then click OK.
  3. Select a category (roman or other), and specify the font attributes under the list box.

    You can specify font attributes by clicking Show Sample to display the sample edit window, and clicking the button on the right to choose Show or Hide for the colored lines that indicate the ICF box, embox, baseline and so on. Furthermore, from the Horizontal Text and Vertical Text options, you can switch the text direction of the sample text and display it horizontally or vertically.

  4. Click Save to save the settings for the composite font created, and then click OK.

Composite font categories

Fonts are classified in the following categories:

Kanji (or Hangul)

Kanji characters are used in Japanese and Chinese. Hangul characters are used in Korean. You cannot edit the size, baseline, vertical scale, or horizontal scale for kanji or hangul.

Kana

Specifies fonts used for hiragana and katakana. When you are making composite fonts using a language other than Japanese, use the same font for Kana as you use in your base font.

Punctuation

Specifies the font used for punctuation. You cannot edit the size, vertical scale, or horizontal scale for punctuation.

Full Width Symbols

Specifies the font used for symbols. You cannot edit the size, vertical scale, or horizontal scale for symbols.

Roman

Specifies the font used for half-width roman characters. This is normally a roman font.

Numbers

Specifies the font used for half-width numbers. This is normally a roman font.

The font attributes that can be set for composite fonts are as follows:

Units

Select the units for font attribute settings.

Size

Set the size in relation to the font size used for input. The size may differ for different fonts, even when the same font size is used. You can adjust the size, depending on the fonts used in the composite font.

Baseline

Set a baseline for each font.

Vertical scale and horizontal scale

Scale the font vertically and horizontally. You can only use these settings for kana, half-width roman characters, and numbers.

Enlarge/Shrink from Center of Character

Set whether to scale from the center of the character or the roman baseline, when editing vertical and horizontal scales for kana. If you select this option, the characters will be scaled from the center.

Make custom font settings in a composite font

You can set the font in character units by setting Custom for composite fonts.

  1. Click Custom in the Composite Font Editor dialog box.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • If there is an existing character set, select it.

    • Click the New button, enter a name for the character set, choose Custom Set From Based On, and click OK. The following base sets are provided: Hiragana, Katakana, Punctuation, Symbols, Double Byte Numbers, Single Byte Numbers, Single-Byte Gaiji 0‑11. Using these, you can easily create character sets to meet your requirements. If Based On is not needed, choose None and click OK.

    If you have selected a base set, the characters stored in the selected set will be shown in the Custom Set Edit dialog box. If None is selected, no characters will be displayed.

  3. Use Font to specify the font to use with the Custom Set. If Single Byte Gaiji is specified as the base set, choose the single byte Gaiji you would like to use.
  4. To add a glyph directly, choose Direct Entry from the pop‑up menu, enter the characters in the text box, and click Add. You can also copy and paste characters directly into the dialog box from the IME panel.
  5. To enter a code, specify the encoding type (such as Shift-JIS for Japanese) from the pop‑up menu, enter the code or hyphenated code range (such as 8169‑8174 for Japanese), and click Add.
  6. Select characters you want to delete. The Add button becomes a Delete button; the selected characters will be deleted when you click Delete.
  7. If multiple custom sets have been created, choose the edited character set from the Custom Set pop‑up menu. You can delete sets that are no longer needed by clicking Delete on the right side of the dialog box.
  8. When you have completed editing, click Save to save the character and then click OK.
  9. The custom set that was set in the Composite Font Edit dialog box will be displayed, allowing you to set the composite font.

Note:

When there are several custom characters in 1 composite font, the bottom set takes precedence over all the above sets. MM (multiple master) fonts are not displayed in the Composite Font Edit dialog box.

Import composite fonts

  1. Click Import in the Composite Font Editor dialog box.
  2. Double-click the InDesign document containing the composite fonts you want to import.

Delete a composite font

  1. Select the composite font you want to delete in the Composite Font Editor dialog box.
  2. Click Delete Font, and then click Yes.

Use missing glyph protection

By default, InCopy protects you from typing characters that the current font does not support or from applying a font to a selection of text when that font does not contain one or more of the glyphs selected. However, you can turn off preference settings to remove this protection.

  1. Choose Edit > Preferences > Advanced Type (Windows) or InCopy  > Preferences > Advanced Type (Mac OS).

  2. Do any of the following and then click OK.

    Protect While Typing

    Select this option so that you cannot type glyphs that the current font does not support.

    Protect When Applying Fonts

    Select this option to avoid introducing unsupported glyphs when a different font, such as a Roman font, is applied to Asian-language text.

Work with missing fonts

When you open or place documents that include fonts not installed on your system, an alert message appears, indicating which fonts are missing. If you select text that uses a missing font, the Character panel or Control panel indicates that this font is missing by displaying it in brackets in the font style pop‑up menu.

InCopy substitutes missing fonts with an available font. When this happens, you can select the text and apply any other available font. Missing fonts for which others have been substituted will appear at the top of the Type > Font menu in a section marked “Missing Fonts.” By default, text formatted with missing fonts appears in pink highlighting.

If a TrueType font is installed and the document contains a Type 1 (T1) version of the same font, the font is displayed as missing.

You can choose Type > Find Font to find and change missing fonts. If a missing font is part of a style, you can update the font in that style by changing its style definition.

Make missing fonts available

  • Do any of the following:
    • Install the missing fonts on your system.

    • Place the missing fonts in the Fonts folder, which is located in the InCopy application folder. Fonts in this folder are available only to InCopy . See Installing fonts.

    • Activate the missing fonts using a font-management application.

Note:

If you don’t have access to the missing fonts, use the Find Font command to search for and replace missing fonts.

Highlight substituted fonts in your document

If the Select Substituted Fonts preferences option is selected, text formatted with missing fonts appears in pink highlighting so that you can easily identify text formatted with a missing font.

  1. Choose Edit > Preferences > Composition (Windows®) or InCopy  > Preferences > Composition (Mac OS®).
  2. Select Substituted Fonts, and then click OK.

Document installed fonts

Fonts in a Document Fonts folder that is in the same location as an InCopy document are temporarily installed when the document is opened. The Package command can generate a Document Fonts folder when you want to share your document or move it to a different computer.

Fonts in the Document Fonts folder are not the same as fonts available from the standard operating system font locations. They are installed when the document is opened and supersede any font of the same PostScript name. However, they supersede only fonts within the document. Fonts installed by one document are not available to other documents. When you close the document, the fonts that were installed for the document are uninstalled. Document installed fonts are listed in a submenu of the Font menu.

Some Type1 fonts are not available in the document. In addition, Mac OS fonts are not available when running InDesign in Windows.

For a video on using document installed fonts, see http://tv.adobe.com/go/4955/.

Multiple master fonts

Multiple master fonts are customizable Type 1 fonts whose typeface characteristics are described in terms of variable design axes, such as weight, width, style, and optical size.

Some multiple master fonts include an optical size axis, which lets you use a font specifically designed for optimal readability at a particular size. Generally, the optical size for a smaller font, such as 10 point, is designed with heavier serifs and stems, wider characters, less contrast between thick and thin lines, taller x height, and looser spacing between letters than the optical size for a larger font, such as 72 point.

  1. Choose Edit > Preferences > Type (Windows) or InCopy  > Preferences > Type (Mac OS).
  2. Select Automatically Use Correct Optical Size, and click OK.

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