Drag the scrubber on the breakpoint bar, and place it at the point where you want to add the breakpoint.
Read this article to know more about breakpoints. Learn how to pin and resize objects for responsive layout, and to format text in breakpoints.
In a responsive design, a single layout of objects and text may not suit all screen sizes. Images, text, widgets, and forms may get repositioned at different breakpoints. The frames may go out of the page width, objects may bump over one another, or the clarity of text may be reduced. Images, text, widgets, and forms need to be repositioned at different breakpoints. Therefore, thoughtfully laying out objects and formatting text, so that they appear well laid out in different screen sizes, becomes imperative.
After you design your page, you can use the scrubber to preview your layout in different screen sizes. If you see the need to lay out your objects differently at specific browser widths, you can add breakpoints.
Read on to know more about breakpoints and how to design your layout effectively, in Adobe Muse responsive layout.
Breakpoints in a responsive layout represent the different browser widths in pixels. Breakpoints allow you to visualize your design in different browser widths, and test how the objects in a page respond to the change in browser widths.
By default, a new site in Adobe Muse contains a breakpoint for desktops (960 pixels width). You can start designing your layout for this width. When you complete the design, you can preview the layout at various widths using the scrubber. When you do so, you can see and record the width at which the design breaks. For example, a line of text gets split into two, or images that were in a row get stacked up vertically. These are the widths that need additional breakpoints. After adding the required breakpoints, you can tweak the design so that the objects are laid out nicely.
At the back end, for every breakpoint, Adobe Muse adds a corresponding media query declaration to your web page. Media queries is a CSS3 module that allows content rendering to adapt to different screen sizes. Most of the modern browsers can interpret the media queries corresponding to these breakpoints. When users view your web page on various devices, the most appropriate media query and the corresponding design layout is picked up by the browsers and displayed to users.
Drag the scrubber on the breakpoint bar, and place it at the point where you want to add the breakpoint.
Click on the breakpoint bar. Notice that a new breakpoint is added on the breakpoint bar. You can also see the browser width of the breakpoint.
Similarly, add breakpoints wherever necessary on the breakpoint bar, to set specific browser widths.
When you click a breakpoint, the active breakpoint is filled with color. The other breakpoints are grayed out.
You can also add breakpoints by placing Library items with breakpoints in your Design view. Open the Library Panel, select the object that you want to place, click the + symbol next to the object, and drag the object into the Design view.
You can add breakpoints to master pages as well as individual pages. When you add breakpoints to an individual page, the breakpoint values are applied only to that particular page.
When you add breakpoints on a master page, you can choose to apply whichever breakpoints you require, on the individual pages. The breakpoints from master pages appear as small triangles on the individual pages. You simply need to click the plus sign (+) to activate those breakpoints on the individual pages.
Consider this scenario. When you lay out your site, you may want to add specific breakpoints for phones. You can add appropriate breakpoints on the master page, so that they are available in the individual pages. When you further design the individual pages, you can get these breakpoints in these pages with a single click.
When you apply a different master page to an individual page, the breakpoints from the old master page are replaced with the breakpoints from the new master page.
On the Breakpoint bar, drag and place the scrubber at the desired breakpoint value. This is your modified breakpoint location.
If you want to view or edit the breakpoint color, right-click the breakpoint and select Breakpoint Properties, or double-click on the breakpoint.
You can also modify the breakpoint color, page width, height, and margin values from this window.
Click OK to save your changes.
You cannot edit the master page breakpoints from the individual pages.
To delete a breakpoint, perform one of the following steps:
When you delete a breakpoint, the corresponding layout changes, and the text settings for the breakpoint are also deleted.
You cannot delete a master page breakpoint from an individual page.
From your current breakpoint, you can shift to the next or the previous breakpoints. To go to the previous or the next breakpoint, do the following:
You can use the following options to ensure that your layout looks good at all the breakpoints:
Consider this scenario: you have inserted a traditional menu for a desktop. But, this menu occupies way too much space on the tablet screens. A sandwich menu or an accordion works better for tablet devices.
Handling such scenarios while designing responsive websites in Adobe Muse is simple. You can choose to show a traditional menu for the desktop view and a sandwich menu for tablet devices, as show in the following images.
To show or hide objects in your Adobe Muse project:
Insert all the objects that you require, including those objects that you want to hide in some breakpoints.
Drag the scrubber to go to a specific breakpoint view.
Right-click the object that you want to hide, and click Hide In Breakpoints.
The object is hidden in the current breakpoint view, but is visible in other breakpoints. If you want to hide the object in all the other breakpoints instead, click Hide In Other Breakpoints. You can later show the object in specific breakpoints using the Layers panel.
Now, lay out the objects that are visible in the breakpoint view.
Go to the breakpoint view in which you want to show the object that you hid previously. You can drag the scrubber to do so.
Click the Layers panel and locate the layer of the object that you want to unhide. You may have to drill down different layers to locate your object layer.
Click the first column corresponding to the object layer. A small, black dot appears to indicate that the object is now visible in the current breakpoint view.
To unhide the object across all the breakpoints, right-click the object and click Show In Other Breakpoints.
You can position objects differently in different breakpoint views. For example, you can position images horizontally in the desktop view while you can position the images vertically in the mobile view.
Adobe Muse remembers the position of objects and displays it accordingly when the screen size changes.
To move your objects across breakpoints, do the following:
Select the breakpoint at which you want to position your object.
Drag and place your object at the desired location.
When you lay out objects, remember to check the distance between the objects and the distance between the object and the edge of the browser. You may need to adjust object positions, or add more breakpoints to address the design problems that occur between breakpoints.
You can move a group of objects together in your responsive layout. When you want to move a group of vertically aligned objects, all you need to do is to select the object on top. You will notice the vertical handle appear in the left margin in Adobe Muse.
When you click the handle and move it up or down, you will notice your selected object and all the objects below it moving as a group.
Place objects with breakpoints
You can add a set of breakpoints by placing a Library item with breakpoints, in your Design view. Open the Library panel (Windows > Library). Select the item that you want to add to the page. Click the plus symbol next to the item and drag the item to the Design view.
Notice a set of breakpoints that are automatically added to your page. If you have already added breakpoints to your page and if you add a Library item with breakpoints, all the breakpoints are activated in your page.
You can use Library items with breakpoints to quickly replicate breakpoints between different pages, and even between different .muse files.
In Adobe Muse, if you want to make certain objects static, you can use pinning. You can pin an object either to a page or to a browser:
Read on to understand how you can pin an object to a page in responsive design.
To determine whether you want to pin an object, use the scrubber and view the page at various browser widths. If you still feel you want to pin an object to your page, perform the following steps:
Select the object that you want to pin.
In the Pin option on top, select one of the boxes to pin your object to the page.
Pin the object to a page in one of the following ways:
For example, if you have a button like Pre-Order Now that needs to appear on the right corner of the page across all the breakpoints, you must select the button and pin the button to right as shown in the image.
When you pin an object to a page, Adobe Muse displays dotted lines from the object to indicate the Pin to Page position. In the following image, see the dotted line that extends to the right edge of the page. This indicates that the object is pinned to the right side of the page.
Use the scrubber to view the layout in different page widths. Check to see if the pinning affects the page layout as the page resizes.
Go to the breakpoint view in which you want to resize the object.
Right-click the object, and select Resize > <Resize option>.
The resize option is different for different objects. For example, you can resize an image by width and height in a responsive layout, while you can resize a text box only by width.
Objects that are not fluid do not have the Resize option.
Drag and resize the object for the current breakpoint.
For example, in the first image, notice that the image is going out of width at a breakpoint of 768 pixels. You can drag and resize the image to fit the page width, as shown in the second image.
Preview this change in a browser. Resize your browser until your browser width reaches your breakpoint value. Notice the change in the object size after your browser width reaches the breakpoint value.
If items within a State Button or any other widget container are set to be fluid, they are repositioned and/or resized when their container is resized.
If you want to copy the size and position of an object across different breakpoints, perform the following steps:
Right-click the object that you want to copy.
Do one of the following:
In responsive design, handling text for various browser widths is important so that it is clear and readable. Text placed in one breakpoint view may wrap abruptly in another breakpoint view. Unwanted line breaks may also appear when you switch the breakpoints.
Adobe Muse lets you format text differently for different breakpoints. For example, you can choose to have font size 20 pt for tablets and 15 pt for mobile devices.
To format text in responsive design, Adobe Muse offers a Text Formatting icon in the panel where you also find the Crop tool and the Selection tool. There are two options in this icon, and you can choose either of the two options to format your text.
You can choose the Format Text Across Breakpoints option to format text across all the breakpoints on a page. When you choose this option, you need to format the text only at one breakpoint view. The text is automatically formatted across the other breakpoints.
On the other hand, if you need to format text for a specific breakpoint, you can choose the Format Text On Current Breakpoint option. For example, you can choose to increase the text size to 24 while laying out text for mobiles.
The text formatting is remembered and displayed accordingly when the website is viewed on different browser widths.
Go to the required breakpoint view.
Select the text box and drag to resize it. Your text reflows as you resize the text box.
The right boundary of the text box defines the extent to which the text will flow in width as you resize the text box.
To format text, select the text that you want to format, and click one of the following:
Both these options are available in the left panel where you select the Text tool or the Crop tool.
A. Format Text Across Breakpoints B. Format Text on Current Breakpoint
The format text option in responsive layout only changes the formatting of the text. You cannot change the words or the content for each breakpoint.
If you want to copy the size and position of text across different breakpoints or browser widths, perform the following steps:
Select the text that you want to copy.
Do one of the following:
Preview your layout at every breakpoint by using the scrubber. Add breakpoints, if necessary, to optimize your layout for different browser widths.
You can add scroll effects in a responsive layout. Scroll effects are only supported with fixed breakpoints. Fixed breakpoints indicate that your layout is fixed at that page width. Add a fixed breakpoint, select the object to which you want to apply scroll effects, and then configure the Scroll Effects settings.
Open your Adobe Muse page where you want to add the scroll effect. For example, you may want to add scroll effects for the navigation and the background image in the header.
When you open the responsive layout, notice the breakpoints on your page. These breakpoints are fluid as indicated by an icon with arrows both ways.
If you now view the Scroll Effects panel, you can see that the option is disabled.
You must add a fixed breakpoint to enable Scroll Effects. To add a fixed breakpoint, click on the Breakpoint bar, and click Add a Breakpoint.
Choose Fixed Width from the drop down and click OK.
Notice that the fixed breakpoint on your page which is indicated by a square. When you view the page at a browser width of 1225 pixels or beyond, the page remains fixed as seen at 1225 pixels. The layout does not become fluid at this breakpoint.
Select the object for which you want to apply the scroll effects, and configure the settings for Scroll Effects.
You can apply Scroll Effects only when you are at the fixed breakpoint and not at the other (fluid) breakpoints.
To know how to add and use scroll effects in Adobe Muse, see Applying Scroll Effects in Adobe Muse.
If you have a specific device for which you want to design your site, you can add the appropriate breakpoint. However, users may view your site from any device, having any screen size. It is therefore recommended to add breakpoints only where your design breaks. This ensures that your site looks well laid-out in any device.
Master page breakpoints appear as white triangles in your individual pages. To enable these breakpoints in individual pages, click the white triangle on the breakpoint bar, and then click the plus (+) sign.
Another way to easily carry over breakpoints from a Master page to a specific page is to copy a Master page element, switch to the page you want to apply the breakpoints, select Edit > Paste with breakpoints, then delete the pasted item from the canvas. Although the item is deleted, the breakpoints from the Master page remain.
Text boxes do not scale, and may overlap with one another if they are not "Fluid". To make the text boxes fluid, right-click each of the text box, and select Resize > Responsive Width.
Whenever you see a gray area in your preview, check for an external object or a hidden object placed outside the page. To select all the objects, click View > Show Frame Edges. You can also zoom out and view the placement of all the objects. Check for a hidden object or an external object, and place the object within your layout to resolve this issue.