Learn to monitor, adjust, and normalize audio in Premiere Pro. Learn to adjust track volume over time using keyframes.

Monitor volume level from Timeline, or Program Monitor

You can monitor audio levels for clips while capturing footage, in the Timeline panel and in the Program Monitor.

Monitor volume level while capturing

You can monitor audio levels while capturing DV or HDV footage.

  1. To open the Audio Meters panel, select Window > Audio Meters.

  2. Capture video from a DV or HDV source.

The Audio Meters panel displays the audio level for the captured footage. For more information, see Capturing and digitizing footage.

Monitor volume level from Timeline or Program Monitor

You can monitor audio levels for clips in the Timeline panel.

  1. To open the Audio Meters Panel, select Window > Audio Meters.

  2. Select the clip in the Program Monitor or the Timeline panel.

  3. Do one of the following to play the clip:

    • Press the spacebar
    • In the Program Monitor, click the Play Stop Toggle button 

The Audio Meters panel displays the audio level for the captured footage.

Remove audio while scrubbing

By default, Premiere Pro plays audio while scrubbing any clip or sequence containing audio in the Source Monitor, Program Monitor, or the Timeline panel. You can remove audio scrubbing by doing the following:

  1. Select Edit > Preferences > Audio (Windows), or Premiere Pro > Preferences > Audio (Mac OS).

    You can assign a keyboard shortcut to the Preferences > Audio command. For more information, see Find keyboard shortcuts.

  2. Deselect Play audio while scrubbing.

    Preferences
    Preferences
  3. Click OK.

Adjust gain and volume

Gain refers to the input level or volume in clips. You use the Audio Gain command to adjust the gain level for one or more selected clips. The Audio Gain command is independent of the output level settings in the Audio Track Mixer and Timeline panels. Its value is combined with the track level for the final mix. You can adjust the gain for an entire sequence with the Normalize Master Track command.

Volume refers to the output level or the volume in sequence clips or tracks. You can adjust the volume for a sequence clip in the Effect Controls or Timeline panels. In the Effect Controls panel, you use the same methods to adjust the volume that you use to set other effect options. It’s often simpler to adjust the Volume effect in the Timeline panel.

You can set gain or volume levels to make levels consistent among tracks, or to change the volume of a track. However, if the level of an audio clip was set too low when it was digitized, increasing the gain or volume amplifies noise. For best results, follow the standard practice of recording or digitizing source audio at the optimum level. This practice allows you to concentrate on adjusting track levels.

Normalize one or more clips

  1. Do one of the following:
    • Select the master clip in the Project panel. You can adjust the gain of a master clip so that all instances of the clip added to the Timeline panel have the same gain level. 
    • Select the clip in the Timeline panel. You can adjust the gain of just one instance of a master clip already in a sequence.
    • In a sequence, Shift-click the clips to select them. To adjust the gain of more than one master clip or clip instance, select the clips in a Project panel or sequence. In a Project panel, Shift-click to select contiguous clips. To select non-contiguous clips, click Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS).
  2. Choose Clip > Audio Options > Audio Gain or keyboard shortcut G. 

    The Audio Gain dialog box opens. Premiere Pro automatically calculates the peak amplitude of the selected clips. This value is displayed in the Peak Amplitude field. Once calculated, this value is stored for the selection. You can use this value as a guide to adjust gain.

    Audio gain
    Audio gain
  3. Select one of the following, set its value: 

    Set Gain to 

    The default value is 0.0 dB. This option allows the user to set gain to a specific value. This value is always updated to the current gain, even when the option is not selected, and the value appears dimmed. 

    Adjust Gain by

    The default value is 0.0 dB. This option allows the user to adjust gain by + or - dB. Entering a value other than zero in this field automatically updates the Set Gain To dB value to reflect the actual gain value applied to the clip.

    Normalize Max Peak to

    The default value is 0.0 dB. Users can set this value to any value below 0.0 dB. It option adjusts the maximum peak amplitude in the selected clips to the user-specified value. 

    Normalize All Peaks to

    The default value is 0.0 dB. Users can set this value to anything below 0.0 dB. This normalization option adjusts the peak amplitude in the selected clips to the user-specified value. 

Normalize the Master track

You can set the peak volume level for the master track of a sequence. Premiere Pro automatically adjusts the fader for the whole master track. The loudest sound in the track achieves the specified value. Premiere Pro scales any keyframes on the master track upward or downward, in proportion to the adjustment made in overall volume.

Piezīme.

Adobe Premiere Pro does not allow a volume adjustment that would raise the peak higher than 0 dB.

  1. Select the sequence you want to normalize.

  2. Select Sequence > Normalize Master Track.

  3. In the Normalize Track dialog box, type an amplitude value in the dB field.

    Normalize track
    Normalize track
  4. Click OK.

Adjust track volume with keyframes

You can add keyframes in the Timeline or the Effect Controls panel at the current time. Keyframes allow you to manipulate the volume of a clip. 

Adjust track volume on the timeline panel

You can adjust the volume level of a track or have the volume change over time using the rubber band in an audio track of a Timeline panel.

  1. Expand the audio track by double clicking on it. 

  2. In the audio track header, click the Show Keyframes button, and choose one of the following from the menu:

    Keyframes on timeline panel
    Keyframes on timeline panel
    • Clip Keyframes: You can animate audio effects for a clip, including Volume Level. These keyframes only apply to the selected clip.
    • Track Keyframes: You can animate audio track effects like Volume and Mute. These keyframes apply to the entire track.
    • Track Panner: You can change a track’s volume level. For more information, see Panning and balancing.
  3. Create keyframes by using Ctrl-click (Windows) or Command-click (Mac OS). You can also create keyframes using the Pen tool.

  4. Use either the Selection tool or the Pen tool to move the Volume level rubber band up (increase volume) or down (decrease volume).

    Piezīme.

    If you want the Volume effect to change over time, place the current-time indicator  at the location for each change, click the Add/Remove Keyframe button  in the audio track header, and drag the keyframe up (louder) or down (quieter).

Apply a volume level to several clips

To apply the same effect to multiple clips, do the following:

  1. In the Timeline panel, adjust the volume of a single clip to the desired level.

  2. Choose Edit > Copy.

  3. Drag a marquee over the other clips you want to change. You can also use Shift-click to select multiple clips.

  4. Choose Edit > Paste Attributes.

  5. Choose the fields and click OK.

    Apply a volume level to several clips
    Apply a volume level to several clips

Piezīme.

This procedure pastes all effects and attributes of the first clip selected, not just its volume settings.

Adjust volume in Effect Controls

To adjust the volume of a single clip in the Effects Controls panel, do the following:

  1. Select an audio clip in a sequence.

  2. In the Effect Controls panel, click the triangle next to Volume to expand the effect.

  3. Do one of the following:

    • Enter a value for the Level. A negative value decreases the volume level and a positive value increases the volume level. A value of 0.0 represents the original clip’s volume level without adjustment.
    • Click the triangle next to Level to expand the effect options. Use the slider to adjust the volume level.

    A keyframe is automatically created at the position of the current-time indicator in the Effect Controls panel.

  4. (Optional) To change the Volume effect over time, move the current-time indicator and adjust the volume level graph in the Effect Controls panel.

    Adjust volume in Effect Controls
    Adjust volume in Effect Controls

    Each time you move the current-time indicator and make an adjustment, a new keyframe is created. You can also adjust the interpolation between keyframes by editing the keyframe graph. Repeat as needed.

Audio Track Mixer

Using the Audio Track Mixer, you can set volume levels of all the audio tracks at the same time. For example, you can raise the volume of a narrator’s voice on one audio track while simultaneously decreasing the volume of the background music on another track. The Audio Track Mixer lets you make adjustments in real time while you listen to playback from desired tracks. For more information, see Audio Track Mixer overview.

By default, the volume adjustments made for each audio track on the Audio Track Mixer are saved in Show Keyframes visible on that track in the Timeline panel. Volume adjustments made for the whole mix are saved in Track Volume keyframes visible in the Master audio track in the Timeline panel.

Audio Track Mixer
Audio Track Mixer

Audio automation

Any adjustments you make during the editing process is remembered by the console. A timecode is required for synchronization in automation. The automation modes drop-down list is located above the fader bars in the Audio Track Mixer panel.

There are five different automation modes available in the Audio Track Mixer:

  • Off – It ignores track settings and existing keyframes during playback. Changes are not recorded in this mode.
  • Read – It is the default automation mode. Track keyframes are used to control playback. If a track does not have keyframes, changes affect the entire track.
  • Write – It records adjustments and created keyframes during playback. Changes are made when playback begins. It does not wait for the settings to be changed.
  • Touch – It is similar to Write. Automation does not occur until you adjust a property. When you stop adjusting the property, it returns to the previous state.
  • Latch – It is also similar to Write. Automation does not start until you adjust a property. The property settings are available from the previous adjustment.

To mix tracks, do the following:

  1. Select a sequence that contains audio in two or more audio tracks.

  2. Select Window > Audio Track Mixer.

    The Audio Track Mixer panel appears. Each audio track in the Timeline panel is assigned to its own bus on the mixer.

  3. Choose Read, Write, Latch, Touch, or Off for the tracks in the Audio Track Mixer you want to modify.

  4. For each audio track in the Timeline panel, click the Show Keyframes button. Choose Clip Keyframes, Track Keyframes, or Track Panner from the pop-up menu. For more information, see Adjust track volume with keyframes.

  5. To play the sequence and monitor its audio, click the Play button at the lower left of the Audio Track Mixer panel.  

  6. As you monitor the sound, move the volume slider up or down to increase or decrease the volume. 

  7. Move the volume slider for the Master track up or down to increase or decrease the volume of the whole mix as you monitor the sound.

Track Volume keyframes appear on each of the tracks for which you made volume adjustments, including the Master track.

Set track volume

To set the track volume in the Audio Track Mixer, adjust the track’s volume setting.

Piezīme.

You can use this procedure when automation isn’t applied to a track. If levels vary over time because track automation keyframes are already applied, you may be able to adjust the track level uniformly by sending it to a sub mix and setting the sub mix level.

Mute a track

To mute a track in the Audio Track Mixer, click the “M” icon.

Piezīme.

Muting doesn’t affect pre-fader items such as effects and sends. Also, the state of the Mute Track button is subject to the automation settings in effect. If you want to silence the track output completely, click the track’s Speaker icon in the Timeline panel.

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