As a European Union (EU) Member State, Sweden is governed by Regulation No. 910/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 July 2014 on electronic identification and trust services for electronic transactions in the internal market (eIDAS). For more information on eIDAS, please read the Electronic Signature Laws & Regulations in the EU.
The use of electronic signatures and certificate-based digital signatures are increasingly common in Sweden, especially in the business sector where electronic signatures are easing contracting processes in a digital environment.
Next to the eIDAS Regulation, the key laws in Sweden that regulate the use of electronic signatures include:
In Sweden, the general rule is that if no specific form is prescribed by law, then a contract may be entered into without observing any specific form requirements. However, if a specific form is prescribed by law and an electronic signature is not mentioned as a permitted form, then an electronic signature should not be used.
EU Member States have the obligation to establish, maintain and publish trusted lists of Qualified Trust Service Providers (QTSPs) and the qualified trust services provided by them. A QTSP certified in any EU Member State will be recognized as a QTSP by all other Member States. Accordingly, no EU Member State may question the qualified status once a QTSP has been added to the trusted list by the supervisory authority of another Member State. The Swedish list of QTSPs is available at: https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/tl-browser/#/tl/SE and includes one TSP, TrustWeaver AB.
Use cases that generally require a traditional signature
The general rule in Sweden is that a contract may be entered into without observing any specific form requirements. However, some contracts in Sweden are subject to a specific form prescribed by law and thus require a traditional handwritten signature. Examples of these include:
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