Using the CFML event gateway for asynchronous CFCs
The ColdFusion CFML event gateway lets CFML code send a message to CFC methods asynchronously. This event gateway lets you initiate processing by a CFC method without waiting for it to complete or return a value. Possible uses for asynchronous CFCs that you access using this event gateway include the following:
- Reindexing a Solr collection with new information without delaying an application, for example, when a user uploads a new file
- Logging information, particularly if significant amount of data must be logged
- Running batch processes that could take a substantial amount of time to complete
Because asynchronous CFCs run independently of a request, they do not provide feedback to the user. Save any results or error information to a file, data source, or other external resource.
By default, ColdFusion delivers the message to a CFC method named onIncomingMessage. You can specify any method name, however, in the SendGatewayMessage method's data parameter.
CFML event gateway data structure
The structure that you use in the CFML SendGatewayMessage function can include two types of fields:
- The structure can include any number of fields with arbitrary contents for use in by the CFC.
- Several optional fields can configure how the gateway delivers the information to the CFC.
The CFML gateway looks for the following optional fields, and, if they exist, uses them to determine how it delivers the message. Do not use these field names for data that you send to your CFC method.
Overrides the CFC path specified in the ColdFusion Administrator. This field lets you use a single gateway configuration in the ColdFusion Administrator multiple CFCs.
Sets the name of the method to invoke in the CFC. The default method is onIncomingMessage. This field lets you use a single gateway configuration in the ColdFusion Administrator for a CFC that has several methods.
Sets the originatorID field of the CFEvent object that ColdFusion delivers to the CFC. The default value is CFMLGateway.
Sets the time-out, in seconds, during which the listener CFC must process the event request and return before ColdFusion gateway services terminates the request. The default value is the Timeout Request value set on the Server Settings page in the ColdFusion Administrator. Set this value if a request could validly take longer to process than the default timeout; for example, if the request involves a long processing time.
Using the CFML gateway
The following procedure describes how to use an asynchronous CFC that has a single, onIncomingMessage method.
Use an asynchronous CFC
- Create a CFC with an onIncomingMessage method. Place the CFC in an appropriate directory for your application. For example, you can place it in the cf_root\WEB-INF\cfusion\gateway\cfc directory on J2EE configurations, in the cf_root\gateway\cfc directory on server configurations, or in a subdirectory of these directories. ColdFusion is installed with mappings to these cfc gateway directories.The onIncomingMessage method must take a CFEvent structure that contains input information in its Data field, and processes the contents of the Data field as needed.
- Use the Gateway Instances page in the ColdFusion Administrator to add an instance of the CFML event gateway type. Specify the following:
- A unique Gateway ID.
- The path to the CFC that you created in step 1.
- The startup mode. Select Automatic startup mode to start the event gateway when ColdFusion starts up.
- Do not specify a configuration file.
- Start the event gateway instance.
- Write CFML code that uses SendGatewayMessage functions to send messages in structures to the event gateway instance ID that you specified in step 2. The SendGatewayMessage function returns true if the gateway successfully queues the message in the ColdFusion Gateway Service; false, otherwise. It does not ensure that the CFC receives or processes the message.
- Run your CFML application.
Example: logging messages
The following asynchronous CFML event gateway CFC uses the cflog tag to log a message to a file in the ColdFusion logs directory. The CFC takes a message with the following fields:
- file:The name of the file in which to place the message. The default value is defaultEventLog.
- type:The cflog type attribute to use. The default value is info.
- message:The message text.
<cffunction name="onIncomingMessage" output="no">
The following minimal CFML page tests the event gateway:
ColdFusion Administrator as Asynch Logger.<br>