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Configure your system

  1. ColdFusion User Guide
  2. Introduction to ColdFusion
    1. About Adobe ColdFusion
    2. Download Adobe ColdFusion
    3. What's new in ColdFusion (2021 release)
    4. ColdFusion (2021 release) Release Notes
    5. Deprecated Features
    6. REST enhancements in ColdFusion (2018 release)
    7. Server Auto-Lockdown
    8. Asynchronous programming
    9. Docker images for ColdFusion
  3. Adobe ColdFusion (2021 release)
    1. Install ColdFusion- Zip Installer
    2. Install ColdFusion- GUI Installer
    3. ColdFusion Licensing and Activation
    4. ColdFusion Package Manager
    5. CFSetup configuration tool
    6. SAML in ColdFusion
    7. ColdFusion and Amazon S3
    8. ColdFusion and DynamoDB
    9. ColdFusion and Amazon SQS
    10. ColdFusion and Amazon SNS
    11. ColdFusion and MongoDB
    12. ColdFusion and Azure Blob
    13. ColdFusion and Azure Service Bus
    14. New and updated language enancements
    15. Multi-cloud storage services
    16. Multi-cloud RDS databases
    17. ColdFusion and Azure Cosmos DB
  4. Install ColdFusion
    1. ColdFusion server profiles
    2. Prepare to install ColdFusion
    3. Install the server configuration
    4. Install the JEE configuration
    5. Install ColdFusion Express
    6. Install integrated technologies
    7. Configure your system
    8. Troubleshoot installation issues
    9. Install ColdFusion silently
    10. Install Adobe ColdFusion (2016 release) hotfix
    11. ColdFusion (2018 release) - Install JEE configuration
  5. Use ColdFusion
    1. Command Line Interface (CLI)
    2. External session storage
    3. Generate Swagger documents
    4. Language enhancements
    5. NTLM support
    6. New and changed functions/tags in Adobe ColdFusion (2016 release)
    7. PDF enhancements
    8. Security enhancements in ColdFusion (2016 release)
  6. Performance Monitoring Toolset
    1. Auto-discovery of ColdFusion nodes and clusters
    2. Code profiler in ColdFusion Performance Monitoring Toolset
    3. Configure ColdFusion Performance Monitoring Toolset settings
    4. Install ColdFusion Performance Monitoring Toolset
    5. Overview of ColdFusion Performance Monitoring Toolset
    6. View cluster and node metrics
    7. View data source metrics
    8. View external services
    9. View incoming services
    10. View list of sites and busy connections
    11. View topology of sites
    12. Datastore Health Monitoring
    13. Performance Monitoring Toolset Update 1
    14. Secure Performance Monitoring Toolset with HTTPS/SSL
    15. Performance Monitoring Toolset deployment guide
  7. Adobe ColdFusion Builder extension for Visual Studio Code
    1. Getting started with Adobe ColdFusion Builder extension for Visual Studio Code
    2. Add a ColdFusion server
    3. Project Manager
    4. Work with ColdFusion code
    5. Profile preferences
    6. Debug applications
    7. Refactoring
    8. Services Browser
    9. RDS support
    10. PMT Code Profiler integration
    11. Security Analyzer report integration
    12. Known issues in this release
  8. Use ColdFusion Builder
    1. About ColdFusion Builder
    2. System requirements | ColdFusion Builder
    3. Install ColdFusion Builder
    4. Edit code in ColdFusion Builder
    5. Manage servers in ColdFusion Builder
    6. Manage projects in ColdFusion Builder
    7. What’s new in Adobe ColdFusion Builder (2018 release)
    8. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) | Adobe ColdFusion Builder (2018 release)
    9. Debug applications in ColdFusion Builder
    10. ColdFusion Builder workbench
    11. ColdFusion Builder extensions
    12. Debugging Perspective in ColdFusion Builder
    13. Build mobile applications using ColdFusion Builder
    14. Bundled ColdFusion Server
    15. Debug mobile applications in ColdFusion Builder
    16. Use extensions in ColdFusion Builder
  9. Coldfusion API Manager
    1. Overview of Adobe ColdFusion API Manager
    2. Features in ColdFusion API Manager
    3. Get started with ColdFusion API Manager
    4. Install ColdFusion API Manager
    5. Authentication types
    6. Create and publish APIs
    7. Administrator
    8. Subscriber
    9. Throttling and rate limiting
    10. Notifications
    11. Connectors
    12. Set up cluster support
    13. Integrate ColdFusion and API Manager
    14. Metrics and Logging in API Manager
    15. Generate Swagger documents
    16. Configure SSL
    17. Known issues in this release
    18. Policies in ColdFusion API Manager
    19. Create a Redis cluster
    20. Multitenancy in API Manager
    21. Docker images for ColdFusion API Manager
  10. Configure and administer ColdFusion
    1. Administer ColdFusion
    2. Use the ColdFusion administrator
    3. Data Source Management for ColdFusion
    4. Connect to web servers
    5. Deploy ColdFusion applications
    6. Administer ColdFusion security
    7. Basic Troubleshooting and FAQs
    8. Work with Server Manager
    9. Use multiple server instances
    10. WebSocket Enhancements (ColdFusion 11)
    11. Security Enhancements (ColdFusion 11)
    12. Work with Server Monitor
    13. ColdFusion Administrator API Reference
  11. CFML Reference
    1. Introduction to CFML Reference
      1. New functions in ColdFusion (2018 release)
      2. New and changed functions/tags in Adobe ColdFusion (2016 release)
      3. Script supported tags and functions
      4. New and changed tags/functions in ColdFusion 11
    2. Reserved words and variables
      1. Reserved words and variables
      2. Reserved words
      3. Scope-specific built-in variables
      4. Custom tag variables
      5. ColdFusion tag-specific variables
      6. CGI environment (CGI Scope) variables
    3. ColdFusion tags
      1. ColdFusion tags
      2. Tags in ColdFusion 10
      3. Tag summary
      4. Tags by function
      5. Tag changes since ColdFusion 5
      6. Tags a-b
      7. Tags c
      8. Tags d-e
      9. Tags f
      10. Tags g-h
      11. Tags i
      12. Tags j-l
      13. Tags m-o
      14. Tags p-q
      15. Tags r-s
      16. Tags t
      17. Tags u-z
    4. ColdFusion functions
      1. ColdFusion functions
      2. New functions in ColdFusion 10
      3. ColdFusion functions by category
      4. Function changes since ColdFusion 5
      5. Functions a-b
      6. Functions c-d
      7. Functions e-g
      8. Functions h-im
      9. Functions in-k
      10. Functions l
      11. Functions m-r
      12. Functions s
      13. Functions t-z
      14. BooleanFormat
    5. Ajax JavaScript functions
      1. Ajax JavaScript functions
      2. Function summary Ajax
      3. ColdFusion.Ajax.submitForm
      4. ColdFusion.Autosuggest.getAutosuggestObject
      5. ColdFusion.Layout.enableSourceBind
      6. ColdFusion.MessageBox.getMessageBoxObject
      7. ColdFusion.ProgressBar.getProgressBarObject
      8. ColdFusion.MessageBox.isMessageBoxDefined
      9. JavaScriptFunctionsinColdFusion9Update1
    6. ColdFusion ActionScript functions
      1. ColdFusion ActionScript functions
      2. CF.http
      3. CF.query
    7. ColdFusion mobile functions
      1. ColdFusion Mobile Functions
      2. Accelerometer Functions
      3. Camera Functions
      4. Connection Functions
      5. Contact Functions
      6. Event Functions
      7. File System Functions
      8. Geolocation Functions
      9. Media and Capture Functions
      10. Notification Functions
      11. Splash Screen Functions
      12. Storage Functions
    8. Application.cfc reference
      1. Application.CFC reference
      2. Application variables
      3. Method summary
      4. onAbort
      5. onApplicationEnd
      6. onApplicationStart
      7. onMissingTemplate
      8. onCFCRequest
      9. onError
      10. onRequestEnd
      11. onRequest
      12. onRequestStart
      13. onServerStart
      14. onSessionEnd
      15. onSessionStart
    9. Script functions implemented as CFCs
      1. Script Functions Implemented as CFCs
      2. Accessing the functions
      3. Function summary
      4. ftp
      5. http
      6. mail
      7. pdf
      8. query
      9. Script functions implemented as CFCs in ColdFusion 9 Update 1
      10. storedproc
    10. ColdFusion Flash Form style reference
      1. Styles valid for all controls
      2. Styles for cfform
      3. Styles for cfformgroup with horizontal or vertical type attributes
      4. Styles for box-style cfformgroup elements
      5. Styles for cfformgroup with accordion type attribute
      6. Styles for cfformgroup with tabnavigator type attribute
      7. Styles for cfformitem with hrule or vrule type attributes
      8. Styles for cfinput with radio, checkbox, button, image, or submit type attributes
      9. Styles for cftextarea tag and cfinput with text, password, or hidden type attributes
      10. Styles for cfselect with size attribute value of 1
      11. Styles for cfselect with size attribute value greater than 1
      12. Styles for cfcalendar tag and cfinput with dateField type attribute
      13. Styles for the cfgrid tag
      14. Styles for the cftree tag
      15. ColdFusion Flash Form Style Reference
    11. ColdFusion event gateway reference
      1. ColdFusion Event Gateway reference
      2. addEvent
      3. CFEvent
      4. CFEventclass
      5. Constructor
      6. Gateway development interfaces and classes
      7. getStatus
      8. setCFCPath
      9. setCFCMethod
      10. getOriginatorID
      11. getLogger
      12. getBuddyList
      13. getBuddyInfo
      14. IM gateway message sending commands
      15. IM Gateway GatewayHelper class methods
      16. onIncomingMessage
      17. onIMServerMessage
      18. onBuddyStatus
      19. onAddBuddyResponse
      20. onAddBuddyRequest
      21. IM Gateway CFC incoming message methods
      22. IM gateway methods and commands
      23. CFML CFEvent structure
      24. warn
      25. info
      26. setOriginatorID
      27. data command
      28. submit Multi command
      29. submit command
      30. setGatewayType
      31. setGatewayID
      32. setData
      33. setCFCListeners
      34. outgoingMessage
      35. getStatusTimeStamp
      36. numberOfMessagesReceived
      37. numberOfMessagesSent
      38. removeBuddy
      39. removeDeny
      40. removePermit
      41. setNickName
      42. setPermitMode
      43. setStatus
      44. SMS Gateway CFEvent structure and commands
      45. SMS Gateway incoming message CFEvent structure
      46. getStatusAsString
      47. getProtocolName
      48. getPermitMode
      49. getPermitList
      50. getNickName
      51. getName
      52. getDenyList
      53. getCustomAwayMessage
      54. getQueueSize
      55. getMaxQueueSize
      56. getHelper
      57. getGatewayType
      58. getGatewayServices
      59. getGatewayID_1
      60. getGatewayID
      61. getData
      62. getCFCTimeout
      63. setCFCTimeout
      64. getCFCPath
      65. getCFCMethod
      66. GatewayServices class
      67. Gateway interface
      68. GatewayHelper interface
      69. addPermit
      70. addDeny
      71. addBuddy
      72. error
      73. debug
      74. Logger class
      75. stop
      76. start
      77. CFML event gateway SendGatewayMessage data parameter
      78. restart
      79. fatal
      80. SMS gateway message sending commands
    12. ColdFusion C++ CFX Reference
      1. C++ class overview
      2. Deprecated class methods
      3. CCFXException class
      4. CCFXQuery class
      5. CCFXRequest class
      6. CCFXStringSet class
      7. ColdFusion C++ CFX Reference
    13. ColdFusion Java CFX reference
      1. ColdFusion Java CFX reference
      2. Class libraries overview
      3. Custom tag interface
      4. Query interface
      5. Request interface
      6. Response interface
      7. Debugging classes reference
    14. WDDX JavaScript Objects
      1. WDDX JavaScript objects
      2. JavaScript object overview
      3. WddxRecordset object
      4. WddxSerializer object
  12. Develop ColdFusion applications
    1. Introducing ColdFusion
      1. Introducing ColdFusion
      2. About ColdFusion
      3. About Internet applications and web application servers
      4. About JEE and the ColdFusion architecture
    2. Changes in ColdFusion
      1. Changes in ColdFusion
      2. Replacement of JRun with Tomcat
      3. Security enhancements
      4. ColdFusion WebSocket
      5. Enhanced Java integration
      6. ColdFusion ORM search for indexing and search
      7. Solr enhancements
      8. Scheduler enhancements
      9. Integration with Microsoft Exchange Server 2010
      10. RESTful Web Services in ColdFusion
      11. Lazy loading across client and server in ColdFusion
      12. Web service enhancements
      13. Displaying geolocation
      14. Client-side charting
      15. Caching enhancements
      16. Server update using ColdFusion Administrator
      17. Secure Profile for ColdFusion Administrator
    3. Introduction to application development
      1. Introduction to application development using ColdFusion
      2. Using the Developing ColdFusion Applications guide
      3. About Adobe ColdFusion documentation for Developers
    4. The CFML programming language
      1. The CFML programming language
      2. Elements of CFML
      3. ColdFusion variables
      4. Expressions and number signs
      5. Arrays and structures
      6. Extend ColdFusion pages with CFML scripting
      7. Regular expressions in functions
      8. ColdFusion language enhancements
      9. Built-in functions as first class citizen
      10. Data types- Developing guide
    5. Building blocks of ColdFusion applications
      1. Building blocks of ColdFusion applications
      2. Create ColdFusion elements
      3. Write and call user-defined functions
      4. Build and use ColdFusion Components
      5. Create and use custom CFML tags
      6. Build custom CFXAPI tags
      7. Use the member functions
      8. Object Oriented Programming in ColdFusion
    6. Develop CFML applications
      1. Develop CFML applications
      2. Design and optimize a ColdFusion application
      3. Handle errors
      4. Use persistent data and locking
      5. Use ColdFusion threads
      6. Secure applications
      7. Client-side CFML (for mobile development)
      8. Use the ColdFusion debugger
      9. Debugging and Troubleshooting Applications
      10. Develop globalized applications
      11. REST enhancements in ColdFusion
      12. Authentication through OAuth
      13. Social enhancements
    7. Develop mobile applications
      1. Mobile application development
      2. Build mobile applications
      3. Debug mobile applications
      4. Inspect mobile applications
      5. Package mobile applications
      6. Troubleshoot mobile applications
      7. Device detection
      8. Client-side CFML
      9. Mobile Templates
      10. Code samples to build a mobile application
    8. Access and use data
      1. Access and use data
      2. Introduction to Databases and SQL
      3. Access and retrieve data
      4. Update database
      5. Use Query of Queries
      6. Manage LDAP directories
      7. Solr search support
    9. ColdFusion ORM
      1. ColdFusion ORM
      2. Introducing ColdFusion ORM
      3. ORM architecture
      4. Configure ORM
      5. Define ORM mapping
      6. Work with objects
      7. ORM session management
      8. Transaction and concurrency
      9. Use HQL queries
      10. Autogenerate database schema
      11. Support for multiple data sources for ORM
      12. ColdFusion ORM search
    10. ColdFusion and HTML5
      1. ColdFusion and HTML 5
      2. Use ColdFusion Web Sockets
      3. Media Player enhancements
      4. Client-side charting
      5. Display geolocation data
    11. Flex and AIR integration in ColdFusion
      1. Flex and AIR integration in ColdFusion
      2. Use the Flash Remoting Service
      3. Use Flash Remoting Update
      4. Offline AIR application support
      5. Proxy ActionScript classes for ColdFusion services
      6. Use LiveCycle Data Services ES assembler
      7. Use server-side ActionScript
    12. Request and present information
      1. Request and present information
      2. Retrieve and format data
      3. Build dynamic forms with cfform tags
      4. Validate data
      5. Create forms in Flash
      6. Create skinnable XML forms
      7. Use Ajax data and development features
      8. Use Ajax User Interface components and features
    13. Office file interoperability
      1. Office file interoperability
      2. Using cfdocument
      3. Using cfpresentation
      4. Using cfspreadsheet
      5. Supported Office conversion formats
      6. SharePoint integration
    14. ColdFusion portlets
      1. ColdFusion portlets
      2. Run a ColdFusion portlet on a JBoss portal server
      3. Run a ColdFusion portlet on a WebSphere portal server
      4. Common methods used in portlet.cfc
      5. ColdFusion portlet components
      6. Support for JSR-286
    15. Work with documents, charts, and reports
      1. Work with documents, charts, and reports
      2. Manipulate PDF forms in ColdFusion
      3. Assemble PDF documents
      4. Create and manipulate ColdFusion images
      5. Create charts and graphs
      6. Create reports and documents for printing
      7. Create reports with Report Builder
      8. Create slide presentations
    16. Use web elements and external objects
      1. Use web elements and external objects
      2. Use XML and WDDX
      3. Use web services
      4. Use ColdFusion web services
      5. Integrate JEE and Java elements in CFML applications
      6. Use Microsoft .NET assemblies
      7. Integrate COM and CORBA objects in CFML applications
    17. Use external resources
      1. Send and receive e-mail
      2. Interact with Microsoft Exchange servers
      3. Interact with remote servers
      4. Manage files on the server
      5. Use event gateways
      6. Create custom event gateways
      7. Use the ColdFusion extensions for Eclipse
      8. Use the data services messaging event gateway
      9. Use the data management event gateway
      10. Use the FMS event gateway
      11. Use the instant messaging event gateways
      12. Use the SMS event gateway

 

Note:

As of ColdFusion (2021 release), CORBA has been removed. You can no longer use CORBA-related features, functions, and tags.

You can manage ColdFusion services and processes, configure web servers manually, and change user accounts and configure databases for ColdFusion.

Note: The term cf_root refers to your installation directory in the server configuration. By default, this directory is C:\ColdFusion2018 in Windows, /opt/coldfusion2018 in UNIX, and /Applications/ColdFusion2018 in OSX.

Overview of configuration tasks

Configuration task

When to do it

Managing ColdFusion services in Windows and Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX

For your changes to take effect when you stop and restart ColdFusion, for example after you enable or disable security in the ColdFusion Administrator or change any of the Java and JVM settings. You can do this at any time after you install ColdFusion.

Configuring web servers

When moving to a production server or when the built-in web server no longer meets your needs.

Enabling CORBA support

If you must make CORBA invocations from ColdFusion. You can do this after you install ColdFusion and before you make a CORBA call from ColdFusion.

Disabling Remote Development Services

For security reasons, disable RDS when you move an application to the production environment.

Disabling JSP functionality (server configuration only)

When running ColdFusion Enterprise Edition in a hosted environment, you might want to disable JSP processing.

Changing the ColdFusion user account in Windows

Iif you discover that the account under which ColdFusion is running has inappropriate access rights; for example, to interact with remote data sources, other application pages, or COM objects. You must also do this to be able to print to a printer using the cfprint tag. You can do this after you install ColdFusion and before you deploy your application.

For information about additional configuration tasks, see the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Managing ColdFusion services in Windows

The ColdFusion installation creates the following services in the configuration indicated:

Service

Purpose

Configuration

ColdFusion 2018Application Server

The main ColdFusion service. ColdFusion pages cannot be processed if this service is not running.

Server

ColdFusion 2018 ODBC Agent

The service used to configure data sources for the ColdFusion 2018 ODBC Server.

All

ColdFusion 2018 ODBC Server

The middle-tier service for ODBC connections that use the DataDirect drivers for Microsoft Access and ODBC Socket.

All

ColdFusion 2018 Jetty Service

Provides support for the ColdFusion 2018 search tags .. You cannot use the ColdFusion 2018 search tags if this process is not running.

All

ColdFusion 2018 .NET Service

Lets you access local .NET assemblies on a Windows system that runs ColdFusion.

All

Note: In the ColdFusion Administrator, if you enable or disable security or change any option in the Java and JVM Settings page, stop and restart ColdFusion 2018 for your changes to take effect.

Start or stop a ColdFusion service

  1. Open the Services dialog box by selecting Start > Settings > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services. If a service is running, its status appears as Started in the Status column. If it is not running, no status appears for the service.
  2. Right-click a service, and select Stop, Start, or Restart. The Services window refreshes.

Set ColdFusion (2018 release) to start automatically or manually

  1. Open the Control Panel > Services dialog box.
  2. Right-click the service to configure, and select Properties.
  3. In the Properties dialog box, on the General tab, select one of the following options in the Startup Type frame or pop-up menu, and click OK:
    • Automatic - Starts the service automatically when you start the computer.
    • Manual - Requires a user or dependent service to manually start the service.

Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX

The ColdFusion installation creates a single process in UNIX called coldfusion2018. To check whether it is running, use the following command:

ps - eaf | grep coldfusion2018

If it is running, your computer returns something similar to the following line:

nobody 4528 1 11 12:44 pts/0 00:00:07 /opt/coldfusion2018/bin/coldfusion2018

In the ColdFusion Administrator, if you enable or disable security or change any option in the Java and JVM Settings page, stop and restart the ColdFusion process for your changes to take effect. This applies to the server configuration only; in the J2EE configurations, you use application-server-specific methods to update Java settings.

 

Manage the ColdFusion process in UNIX

  1. Log in as root, if you have not already done so.
  2. Enter the following command:

    cd cf_root/bin

  3. Enter the appropriate command, as the following table describes:

    Task

    Command

    Start ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion start

    Stop ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion stop

    Restart ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion restart

    View status of ColdFusion server

    ./coldfusion status

Managing the ColdFusion process in Mac OS X

The ColdFusion installation creates a single process in UNIX called  cfusion . To check whether it is running, use the following command:

ps - eaf | grep coldfusion2018

If it is running, your computer returns something similar to the following line:

nobody 4528 1 11 12:44 pts/0 00:00:07 /opt/coldfusion2018/bin/coldfusion2018

Note: This discussion applies to the ColdFusion (2018 release) server configuration only. With the J2EE configuration, you start and stop ColdFusion 2018 by starting the application server.

In the ColdFusion Administrator, if you enable or disable security or change any option in the Java and JVM Settings page, stop and restart the ColdFusion process for your changes to take effect. This applies to the server configuration only; in the J2EE configurations, you use application-server-specific methods to update Java settings.

 

Manage the ColdFusion process in UNIX

  1. Log in as root, if you have not already done so.
  2. Enter the following command:

    cd cf_root/bin

  3. Enter the appropriate command, as the following table describes:

    Task

    Command

    Start ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion start

    Stop ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion stop

    Restart ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion restart

    View performance information for ColdFusion (2018 release)

    ./coldfusion status

Configuring web servers

You configure an external web server connection by using the Web Server Configuration Tool, which you can run through a graphical user interface (GUI) or the command line. The Windows discussions describe GUI mode, and the UNIX instructions describe command-line mode; however, you can use GUI mode in UNIX if you have access to a graphical environment.

 

Note: Adobe ColdFusion (2018 release) provides batch files and shell scripts in the cf_root/ cfusion /bin/connectors directory to help you get started with command-line usage.

For more information on the Web Server Configuration Tool, including information on multihoming and distributed usage, see the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Note: If you cannot verify your configuration, repeat the procedure. If the problem persists, contact Adobe Technical Support for assistance, or manually create the element that you cannot verify in the configuration (for example, manually add an entry to the Apache httpd.conf file, as described here.).

Configuring web servers in Windows

You configure web servers in Windows by doing the following:

  • Configuring IIS in Windows
  • Configuring Apache web server in Windows

Configuring IIS in Windows

You configure IIS using the Web Server Configuration Tool in GUI or command-line mode. This discussion describes how to use GUI mode.

Note: (Server configuration only) To use the command line, open the batch files located in cf_root\cfusion\bin\connectors or by navigating to <ColdFusion_Home>\runtime\bin directory.

For more information, see the Web Server Management chapter in the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Configure IIS for ColdFusion in Windows

Note: If you are configuring IIS 7 or IIS 7.5, before you proceed, ensure that you have the options ISAPI Extensions (Internet Information Service > Web Management Tools > World Wide Web Services > Application Development Features), ASP.NET , and CGI selected in the Windows Features dialog box (Start > Control Panel > Programs and Features > Turn Windows features on or off).

  1. Start the Web Server Configuration Tool by selecting Start > Programs > Adobe > ColdFusion 2018 > Web Server Configuration Tool.
  2. Click Add.
  3. In the Server pop-up menu, enter the host name and the cluster name to configure.

    Note: The server or cluster does not have to reside on the web server computer.

  4. In the Web Server Properties area, select IIS and specify the website. For IIS, you typically specify All.
Verify your IIS configuration
  1. Verify that the following folder was created: cf_root/config/ wsconfig /number.
  2. To set the  connectionpooltimeout  and  reuseconnectioncount  click on Advanced Setting tab. The option to enable buffering and verbose debugging is available on the same page.
    Configuring IIS:
  • Creates a folder 1 in cfroot\config\wsconfig, that contains all connector-related files.
  • Creates a virtual directory Jakarta in cfroot\config\wsconfig (in IIS).
  • Adds an entry, tomcat, under the{{ ISAPI FILTERS}}. This points to cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\isapi_redirect.dll.
  • Adds an entry, tomcat, to cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\isapi_redirect.dll with permission allowed under ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. It is applicable for global sites in IIS manager.
  • Adds the following  isapi  handlers: cfcHandler, cfmHandler, cfmlHandler, cfrHandler, and cfswfHandler.
  • For debugging issues, set the log level to debug, in the isapi_redirect.properties file present in the {{cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\ }}directory.
  • To disable webserver buffer, change the iis_buffer_enable to false in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\isapi_redirect.properties file. Disable webserver buffer if you want  cfflush  to work over an IIS connector. If your application does not use  cfflush , set it to true for increase in the performance.

Configuring Apache web server in Windows

You configure Apache by using the Web Server Configuration Tool in GUI or command-line mode. This discussion describes how to use GUI mode.

Note: To configure Apache connector in UNIX platforms, APXS installation is a prerequisite.

Note: (Server configuration only) To use the command line, open the batch files located in cf_root\cfusion\bin\connectors.

For more information, see the Web Server Management topic in the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Configure Apache for ColdFusion in Windows
  1. Start the Web Server Configuration Tool by selecting Start > Programs > Adobe > ColdFusion 2018 > Web Server Configuration Tool.
  2. Click Add.
  3. In the Server pop-up menu, enter the host name and the cluster name to configure.

    Note: The server or cluster does not have to reside on the web server computer.

  4. In the Web Server Properties area, select Apache and specify the path to the directory that contains the httpd .conf file.
Verify your Apache configuration
  1. Verify that one of the following files was created:
    • cf_root\config\wsconfig_number_
      Configuring Apache:

      Note: To configure Apache connector in UNIX platforms, APXS installation is a prerequisite.

      Note: Configuring Apache is not supported on Mac 10.10.5.

  • Creates a folder 1 in cfroot\config\wsconfig that contains all connector-related files.
  • Creates a file mod_jk.conf in Apache_root_folder\conf. This file has paths to all files in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 directory.
  • Adds an entry in the  httpd .conf file of Apache to include mod_jk.conf.
  • The following files are significant:
    • uriworkermap.properties: Mapped extensions based on which the connector forwards requests to Tomcat.
    • mod_jk.conf: Contains paths to all files in the \config\wsconfig\1 directory. Change the entry JKloglevel info to JKloglevel debugfor debugging purposes.

      Note: For virtual host configuration, add the following entry in each of the virtual blocks: JkMountFile "cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties:".

      *Configure Apache virtual host for each ColdFusion instance:*
      Assume that you have two instances: cfusion and server1.

  1. Configure Apache webserver for cfusion instance using the wsconfig tool. This step creates the connector-related files in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 folder. It also creates the mod_jk.conf in the <Apacheroot>\conf folder. The mod_jk.conf file is included in the httpd.conf.
  2. Configure Apache virtual hosts.
  3. In workers.properties of cfroot\config\wsconfig\1, add server1 to workers.list. For example, worker.list=cfusion,server1.
  4. Add the following block of code:

    worker.server1.host=localhost
    worker.server1.port=8014

    Note: The port is the AJP port for server1 and that can be found in server1.server.xml in the cfroot\server1\runtime\conf\server.xml.

  5. Copy the content of uriworkermap.properties in cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 to uriworkermap1.properties. Replace the cfusion with server1.
  6. Now add the following line in each of the virtual host : For example, VH1 is the ColdFusion instance. It should have: JkMountFile "cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties" VH2 is the server1 instance. It should have JkMountFile "cf_root\config\wsconfig\1".

Configuring web servers in UNIX

You configure web servers in UNIX by doing one of the following:

  • Configuring Apache web server in UNIX

Configuring Apache web server in UNIX

You can configure and verify the Apache web server for ColdFusion in UNIX.

Configure the Apache web server for ColdFusion in UNIX
  1. Enter the following command on a single line:

    ./ wsconfig - ws Apache -dir <apache config directory> -v

    Note: You must enter the wsconfig command and all switches as a single (long) line.

    The following is a sample command:

    /opt/coldfusion2018/cfusion/runtime/bin/ wsconfig - ws Apache -dir /etc/ httpd /conf -v

    Note: For unique configurations (such as the preconfigured Apache web servers from Redhat or Sun), add the -bin and -script parameters, as described in the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Verify your Apache configuration
  1. Verify that one of the following files was created:
    • cf_root/config/ wsconfig /number
  2. To set the  connectionpooltimeout  and  reuseconnectioncount  click on Advanced Setting tab. The option to enable verbose debugging also is available on this page.
    Configuring Apache:

    Note: To configure Apache connector in UNIX platforms, APXS installation is a prerequisite.

    Note: Configuring Apache is not supported on Mac 10.10.5.

  • Creates a folder 1 in cfroot\config\wsconfig that contains all connector-related files.
  • Creates a file mod_jk.conf in Apache_root_folder\conf. This file has paths to all files in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 directory.
  • Adds an entry in the  httpd .conf file of Apache to include mod_jk.conf.
  • The following files are significant:
    • uriworkermap.properties: Mapped extensions based on which the connector forwards requests to Tomcat.
    • mod_jk.conf: Contains paths to all files in the \config\wsconfig\1 directory. Change the entry JKloglevel info to JKloglevel debugfor debugging purposes.

      Note: For virtual host configuration, add the following entry in each of the virtual blocks: JkMountFile "cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties:".

Configuring Virtual Hosts to enable REST

To enable REST services in ColdFusion, add a line to each virtual host for which you want to enable REST. Add the following line, depending on the OS, to the file that defines the hosts.

On MAC OS X

JkMountFile "/Applications/<ColdFusion Installation Directory>/config/wsconfig/1/uriworkermap.properties"

On Windows

JkMountFile "C:\<ColdFusion Installation Directory>\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties"

Save the include file and restart Apache server to enable REST on all hosts.

Enabling CORBA support

ColdFusion supports third-party Object Request Brokers (ORBs) through its integration with Borland Visibroker. However, you must acquire the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) software separately from Borland.

System requirements

You must have all of the following components installed on your computer before you can make CORBA invocations from ColdFusion:

  • Borland Visibroker 4.5.1 for Java
  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.4 for the Visibroker Interface Repository
  • JRE 1.6 or later for ColdFusion (2018 release)

Installing Visibroker for CORBA connections

  1. Install Visibroker on the CORBA server side. For more information, see the Borland Visibroker documentation.
  2. Add the vbjorb.jar file to the ColdFusion classpath, as follows:
    1. In the ColdFusion Administrator, select Server Settings > Java and JVM. When using the J2EE configuration, you add the vbjorb.jar file to the J2EE application server classpath, using the server-specific method.
    2. On the Java and JVM Settings page, in the Class Path text box, enter the path to your vbjorb.jar file (for example, C:\Inprise\vbroker\lib\vbjorb.jar). Add Xbootclasspath/a:"C:/Inprise/vbroker/lib/vbjorb.jar", to the JVM Args text box.
      You require only the JAR file on the computer that is running ColdFusion; you do not need the full Visibroker installation.
    3. Click Submit Changes.
  3. Configure a Visibroker connector in ColdFusion, as follows:
    1. In the ColdFusion Administrator, select Extensions > CORBA Connectors.
    2. In the CORBA Connectors page, click Register CORBA Connector.
    3. In the CORBA Connector page, enter information for the connector.
      The following is an example of a correctly configured connector:

      Field

      Value

      ORB Name

      visibroker

      ORB Class Name

      coldfusion .runtime.corba.VisibrokerConnector

      Classpath

      (none)

      ORB Property File

      C:\ColdFusion2018\lib\vbjorb.properties

      The ORB Property File points to a Java properties file that contains the correct ORB settings for Visibroker. The contents of the vbjorb .properties file look like the following:

      org.omg.CORBA.ORBSingletonClass=com.inprise.vbroker.orb.ORB
      SVCnameroot=namingroot

    4. When you finish editing the page, click Submit. The CORBA Connectors page appears.
    5. Select the radio button to the left of your new CORBA connector and click Select ORB Connector. This sets the new connector to be the default.
  4. Prepare your CORBA server side, as follows:
    1. Start your Visibroker osagent service or process, if it is not already running, by entering the following command:

      osagent

      Note: If you must connect to an osagent in another subnetwork, include the following lines in the vbjorb .properties file:

      vbroker.agent.port=<port>

    2. Start the Interface Repository and load it with the IDL file that you plan to use, by entering an  irepcommand , as in the following example:

      irep myir MyIDLFile.idl

    3. (Optional) Start the Naming Service by entering a command like the following:

      nameserv namingroot

      Note: The name of the Naming Service ( namingroot in the previous example) must match the value for SVCnameroot in the vbjorb .properties file.

    4. Start Visibroker on your CORBA server .For more information, see the Borland Visibroker documentation.
  5. Restart ColdFusion for your changes to take effect.
    For more information, see Managing ColdFusion services in Windows and Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX.
    You can now make CORBA invocations from ColdFusion. For more information about integrating CORBA objects into ColdFusion, see the Developing ColdFusion Applications guide.

Disabling Remote Development Services

If you use Adobe Dreamweaver, Macromedia HomeSite, Adobe Flash Builder, or Eclipse to develop your applications, you can access a remote ColdFusion server using HTTP. However, you must configure Remote Development Services (RDS) in your integrated development environment (IDE), and RDS must be enabled in ColdFusion. Using RDS, IDE users can securely access remote files and data sources, build SQL queries from these data sources, and debug CFML code.

Note: The ColdFusion Report Builder uses RDS for the Query Builder and for charting support.

However, for security reasons, Adobe recommends that you disable RDS on a production server. To disable it, disable the RDSServlet mapping.

Disable the RDSServlet mapping

  1. Back up the web.xml file. This file is in the cf_root\cfusion\wwwroot\WEB-INF directory in Windows and in the _cf_root/_cfusion/ wwwroot /WEB-INF directory in UNIX.
  2. Open the original web.xml file for editing.
  3. Comment out the RDSServlet mapping, as the following example shows:

    <servlet id="coldfusion_servlet_8789">
    <servlet-name>RDSServlet</servlet-name>
    <display-name>RDS Servlet</display-name>
    <servlet-class>coldfusion.bootstrap.BootstrapServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param id="InitParam_113401311165856789">
    <param-name>servlet.class</param-name>
    <param-value>coldfusion.rds.RdsFrontEndServlet</param-value>
    </init-param>
    </servlet>
    -->

     

  4. Save the file.
  5. Restart ColdFusion.RDS is disabled on the ColdFusion server.
    For more information, see Managing ColdFusion services in Windows, or Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX.

Disabling JSP functionality (server configuration only)

ColdFusion Enterprise Edition provides support for JavaServer Pages (JSP) technology through the underlying J2EE application server on which it runs. Because JSP code runs outside the realm of the ColdFusion security framework and, therefore, is not subject to ColdFusion sandbox security, you do not typically deploy JSPs in a shared, hosted environment where more than one customer shares a single server.

Disable JSP functionality

  1. Open cf_root/cfusion/runtime/conf/web.xml in a text editor.
  2. Find the servlet-mapping entry for JspLicenseServlet.
  3. Comment out this entry, as the following example shows:

    <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.jsp</url-pattern>
    -->

     

  4. Save and close the file.
  5. Restart ColdFusion.

Changing the ColdFusion user account in Windows

The ColdFusion services, by default, run under the highly privileged system accounts. For an extra level of security, Adobe recommends that you create a Windows user under which you run the services and only give necessary privileges to run the web application (for example, folder permissions for the web root.)

Change the ColdFusion user account

  1. Open the Services Control Panel. (For example, select Start > Settings > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services.)
  2. Right-click ColdFusion 2018 Application Server, and select Properties. The ColdFusion 2018 Application Server Properties (Local Computer) dialog box appears.
  3. On the Log On tab, select This account, and enter the account information.
  4. Click OK.
    In the Services control panel, right-click ColdFusion 2018 Application Server, and select Restart.

    Note: Do not rename your Windows Administrator account. This causes problems with security policies and profiles.
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