You can manage ColdFusion services and processes, configure web servers manually, and change user accounts and configure databases for ColdFusion.

Note: The term cf_root refers to your installation directory in the server configuration. By default, this directory is C:\ColdFusion2016 in Windows, /opt/coldfusion2016 in UNIX, and /Applications/ColdFusion2016 in OSX.

Overview of configuration tasks

Configuration task

When to do it

Managing ColdFusion services in Windows and Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX

For your changes to take effect when you stop and restart ColdFusion, for example after you enable or disable security in the ColdFusion Administrator or change any of the Java and JVM settings. You can do this at any time after you install ColdFusion.

Configuring web servers

When moving to a production server or when the built-in web server no longer meets your needs.

Enabling CORBA support

If you must make CORBA invocations from ColdFusion. You can do this after you install ColdFusion and before you make a CORBA call from ColdFusion.

Disabling Remote Development Services

For security reasons, disable RDS when you move an application to the production environment.

Disabling JSP functionality (server configuration only)

When running ColdFusion Enterprise Edition in a hosted environment, you might want to disable JSP processing.

Changing the ColdFusion user account in Windows

Iif you discover that the account under which ColdFusion is running has inappropriate access rights; for example, to interact with remote data sources, other application pages, or COM objects. You must also do this to be able to print to a printer using the cfprint tag. You can do this after you install ColdFusion and before you deploy your application.

For information about additional configuration tasks, see the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Managing ColdFusion services in Windows

The ColdFusion installation creates the following services in the configuration indicated:

Service

Purpose

Configuration

ColdFusion 2016 Application Server

The main ColdFusion service. ColdFusion pages cannot be processed if this service is not running.

Server

ColdFusion 2016 ODBC Agent

The service used to configure data sources for the ColdFusion 2016 ODBC Server.

All

ColdFusion 2016 ODBC Server

The middle-tier service for ODBC connections that use the DataDirect drivers for Microsoft Access and ODBC Socket.

All

ColdFusion 2016 Jetty Service

Provides support for the ColdFusion 2016 search tags.. You cannot use the ColdFusion 2016 search tags if this process is not running.

All

ColdFusion 2016 .NET Service

Lets you access local .NET assemblies on a Windows system that runs ColdFusion.

All

Note: In the ColdFusion Administrator, if you enable or disable security or change any option in the Java and JVM Settings page, stop and restart ColdFusion 2016 for your changes to take effect.

Start or stop a ColdFusion service

  1. Open the Services dialog box by selecting Start > Settings > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services. If a service is running, its status appears as Started in the Status column. If it is not running, no status appears for the service.
  2. Right-click a service, and select Stop, Start, or Restart. The Services window refreshes.

Set ColdFusion (2016 release) to start automatically or manually

  1. Open the Control Panel > Services dialog box.
  2. Right-click the service to configure, and select Properties.
  3. In the Properties dialog box, on the General tab, select one of the following options in the Startup Type frame or pop-up menu, and click OK:
    • Automatic - Starts the service automatically when you start the computer.
    • Manual - Requires a user or dependent service to manually start the service.

Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX

The ColdFusion installation creates a single process in UNIX called coldfusion2016. To check whether it is running, use the following command:

ps -eaf | grep coldfusion2016

If it is running, your computer returns something similar to the following line:

nobody 4528 1 11 12:44 pts/0 00:00:07 /opt/coldfusion2016/bin/coldfusion2016

In the ColdFusion Administrator, if you enable or disable security or change any option in the Java and JVM Settings page, stop and restart the ColdFusion process for your changes to take effect. This applies to the server configuration only; in the J2EE configurations, you use application-server-specific methods to update Java settings.

 

Manage the ColdFusion process in UNIX

  1. Log in as root, if you have not already done so.
  2. Enter the following command:

    cd cf_root/bin

  3. Enter the appropriate command, as the following table describes:

    Task

    Command

    Start ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion start

    Stop ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion stop

    Restart ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion restart

    View status of ColdFusion server

    ./coldfusion status

Managing the ColdFusion process in Mac OS X

The ColdFusion installation creates a single process in UNIX called cfusion. To check whether it is running, use the following command:

ps -eaf | grep coldfusion2016

If it is running, your computer returns something similar to the following line:

nobody 4528 1 11 12:44 pts/0 00:00:07 /opt/coldfusion2016/bin/coldfusion2016

Note: This discussion applies to the ColdFusion (2016 release) server configuration only. With the J2EE configuration, you start and stop ColdFusion 2016 by starting the application server.

In the ColdFusion Administrator, if you enable or disable security or change any option in the Java and JVM Settings page, stop and restart the ColdFusion process for your changes to take effect. This applies to the server configuration only; in the J2EE configurations, you use application-server-specific methods to update Java settings.

 

Manage the ColdFusion process in UNIX

  1. Log in as root, if you have not already done so.
  2. Enter the following command:

    cd cf_root/bin

  3. Enter the appropriate command, as the following table describes:

    Task

    Command

    Start ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion start

    Stop ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion stop

    Restart ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion restart

    View performance information for ColdFusion (2016 release)

    ./coldfusion status

Configuring web servers

You configure an external web server connection by using the Web Server Configuration Tool, which you can run through a graphical user interface (GUI) or the command line. The Windows discussions describe GUI mode, and the UNIX instructions describe command-line mode; however, you can use GUI mode in UNIX if you have access to a graphical environment.

 

Note: Adobe ColdFusion (2016 release) provides batch files and shell scripts in the cf_root/cfusion/bin/connectors directory to help you get started with command-line usage.

For more information on the Web Server Configuration Tool, including information on multihoming and distributed usage, see the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Note: If you cannot verify your configuration, repeat the procedure. If the problem persists, contact Adobe Technical Support for assistance, or manually create the element that you cannot verify in the configuration (for example, manually add an entry to the Apache httpd.conf file, as described here.).

Configuring web servers in Windows

You configure web servers in Windows by doing the following:

  • Configuring IIS in Windows
  • Configuring Apache web server in Windows

Configuring IIS in Windows

You configure IIS using the Web Server Configuration Tool in GUI or command-line mode. This discussion describes how to use GUI mode.

Note: (Server configuration only) To use the command line, open the batch files located in cf_root\cfusion\bin\connectors or by navigating to <ColdFusion_Home>\runtime\bin directory.

For more information, see the Web Server Management chapter in the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Configure IIS for ColdFusion in Windows

Note: If you are configuring IIS 7 or IIS 7.5, before you proceed, ensure that you have the options ISAPI Extensions (Internet Information Service > Web Management Tools > World Wide Web Services > Application Development Features), ASP.NET , and CGI selected in the Windows Features dialog box (Start > Control Panel > Programs and Features > Turn Windows features on or off).

  1. Start the Web Server Configuration Tool by selecting Start > Programs > Adobe > ColdFusion 2016 > Web Server Configuration Tool.
  2. Click Add.
  3. In the Server pop-up menu, enter the host name and the cluster name to configure.

    Note: The server or cluster does not have to reside on the web server computer.

  4. In the Web Server Properties area, select IIS and specify the website. For IIS, you typically specify All.
Verify your IIS configuration
  1. Verify that the following folder was created: cf_root/config/wsconfig/number.
  2. To set the connectionpooltimeout and reuseconnectioncount click on Advanced Setting tab. The option to enable buffering and verbose debugging is available on the same page.
    Configuring IIS:
  • Creates a folder 1 in cfroot\config\wsconfig, that contains all connector-related files.
  • Creates a virtual directory Jakarta in cfroot\config\wsconfig (in IIS).
  • Adds an entry, tomcat, under the{{ ISAPI FILTERS}}. This points to cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\isapi_redirect.dll.
  • Adds an entry, tomcat, to cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\isapi_redirect.dll with permission allowed under ISAPI and CGI Restrictions. It is applicable for global sites in IIS manager.
  • Adds the following isapi handlers: cfcHandler, cfmHandler, cfmlHandler, cfrHandler, and cfswfHandler.
  • For debugging issues, set the log level to debug, in the isapi_redirect.properties file present in the {{cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\ }}directory.
  • To disable webserver buffer, change the is_buffer_enable to false in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\isapi_redirect.properties file. Disable webserver buffer if you want cfflush to work over an IIS connector. If your application does not use cfflush, set it to true for increase in the performance.

Configuring Apache web server in Windows

You configure Apache by using the Web Server Configuration Tool in GUI or command-line mode. This discussion describes how to use GUI mode.

Note: To configure Apache connector in UNIX platforms, APXS installation is a prerequisite.

Note: (Server configuration only) To use the command line, open the batch files located in cf_root\cfusion\bin\connectors.

For more information, see the Web Server Management topic in the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Configure Apache for ColdFusion in Windows
  1. Start the Web Server Configuration Tool by selecting Start > Programs > Adobe > ColdFusion 2016 > Web Server Configuration Tool.
  2. Click Add.
  3. In the Server pop-up menu, enter the host name and the cluster name to configure.

    Note: The server or cluster does not have to reside on the web server computer.

  4. In the Web Server Properties area, select Apache and specify the path to the directory that contains the httpd.conf file.
Verify your Apache configuration
  1. Verify that one of the following files was created:
    • cf_root\config\wsconfig_number_
      Configuring Apache:

      Note: To configure Apache connector in UNIX platforms, APXS installation is a prerequisite.

      Note: Configuring Apache is not supported on Mac 10.10.5.

  • Creates a folder 1 in cfroot\config\wsconfig that contains all connector-related files.
  • Creates a file mod_jk.conf in Apache_root_folder\conf. This file has paths to all files in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 directory.
  • Adds an entry in the httpd.conf file of Apache to include mod_jk.conf.
  • The following files are significant:
    • uriworkermap.properties: Mapped extensions based on which the connector forwards requests to Tomcat.
    • mod_jk.conf: Contains paths to all files in the \config\wsconfig\1 directory. Change the entry JKloglevel info to JKloglevel debugfor debugging purposes.

      Note: For virtual host configuration, add the following entry in each of the virtual blocks: JkMountFile "cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties:".

      *Configure Apache virtual host for each ColdFusion instance:*
      Assume that you have two instances: cfusion and server1.

  1. Configure Apache webserver for cfusion instance using the wsconfig tool. This step creates the connector-related files in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 folder. It also creates the mod_jk.conf in the <Apacheroot>\conf folder. The mod_jk.conf file is included in the httpd.conf.
  2. Configure Apache virtual hosts.
  3. In workers.properties of cfroot\config\wsconfig\1, add server1 to workers.list. For example, worker.list=cfusion,server1.
  4. Add the following block of code:

    worker.server1.host=localhost
    worker.server1.port=8014

    Note: The port is the AJP port for server1 and that can be found in server1.server.xml in the cfroot\server1\runtime\conf\server.xml.

  5. Copy the content of uriworkermap.properties in cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 to uriworkermap1.properties. Replace the cfusion with server1.
  6. Now add the following line in each of the virtual host: For example, VH1 is the ColdFusion instance. It should have: JkMountFile "cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties" VH2 is the server1 instance. It should have JkMountFile "cf_root\config\wsconfig\1".

Configuring web servers in UNIX

You configure web servers in UNIX by doing one of the following:

  • Configuring Apache web server in UNIX

Configuring Apache web server in UNIX

You can configure and verify the Apache web server for ColdFusion in UNIX.

Configure the Apache web server for ColdFusion in UNIX
  1. Enter the following command on a single line:

    ./ wsconfig -ws Apache -dir <apache config directory> -v

    Note: You must enter the wsconfig command and all switches as a single (long) line.

    The following is a sample command:

    /opt/coldfusion2016/cfusion/runtime/bin/wsconfig -ws Apache -dir /etc/httpd/conf -v

    Note: For unique configurations (such as the preconfigured Apache web servers from Redhat or Sun), add the -bin and -script parameters, as described in the Configuring and Administering ColdFusion guide.

Verify your Apache configuration
  1. Verify that one of the following files was created:
    • cf_root/config/wsconfig/number
  2. To set the connectionpooltimeout and reuseconnectioncount click on Advanced Setting tab. The option to enable verbose debugging also is available on this page.
    Configuring Apache:

    Note: To configure Apache connector in UNIX platforms, APXS installation is a prerequisite.

    Note: Configuring Apache is not supported on Mac 10.10.5.

  • Creates a folder 1 in cfroot\config\wsconfig that contains all connector-related files.
  • Creates a file mod_jk.conf in Apache_root_folder\conf. This file has paths to all files in the cfroot\config\wsconfig\1 directory.
  • Adds an entry in the httpd.conf file of Apache to include mod_jk.conf.
  • The following files are significant:
    • uriworkermap.properties: Mapped extensions based on which the connector forwards requests to Tomcat.
    • mod_jk.conf: Contains paths to all files in the \config\wsconfig\1 directory. Change the entry JKloglevel info to JKloglevel debugfor debugging purposes.

      Note: For virtual host configuration, add the following entry in each of the virtual blocks: JkMountFile "cfroot\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties:".

Configuring Virtual Hosts to enable REST

To enable REST services in ColdFusion, add a line to each virtual host for which you want to enable REST. Add the following line, depending on the OS, to the file that defines the hosts.

On MAC OS X

JkMountFile "/Applications/<ColdFusion Installation Directory>/config/wsconfig/1/uriworkermap.properties"

On Windows

JkMountFile "C:\<ColdFusion Installation Directory>\config\wsconfig\1\uriworkermap.properties"

Save the include file and restart Apache server to enable REST on all hosts.

Enabling CORBA support

ColdFusion supports third-party Object Request Brokers (ORBs) through its integration with Borland Visibroker. However, you must acquire the Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) software separately from Borland.

System requirements

You must have all of the following components installed on your computer before you can make CORBA invocations from ColdFusion:

  • Borland Visibroker 4.5.1 for Java
  • Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.4 for the Visibroker Interface Repository
  • JRE 1.6 or later for ColdFusion (2016 release)

Installing Visibroker for CORBA connections

  1. Install Visibroker on the CORBA server side. For more information, see the Borland Visibroker documentation.
  2. Add the vbjorb.jar file to the ColdFusion classpath, as follows:
    1. In the ColdFusion Administrator, select Server Settings > Java and JVM. When using the J2EE configuration, you add the vbjorb.jar file to the J2EE application server classpath, using the server-specific method.
    2. On the Java and JVM Settings page, in the Class Path text box, enter the path to your vbjorb.jar file (for example, C:\Inprise\vbroker\lib\vbjorb.jar). Add Xbootclasspath/a:"C:/Inprise/vbroker/lib/vbjorb.jar", to the JVM Args text box.
      You require only the JAR file on the computer that is running ColdFusion; you do not need the full Visibroker installation.
    3. Click Submit Changes.
  3. Configure a Visibroker connector in ColdFusion, as follows:
    1. In the ColdFusion Administrator, select Extensions > CORBA Connectors.
    2. In the CORBA Connectors page, click Register CORBA Connector.
    3. In the CORBA Connector page, enter information for the connector.
      The following is an example of a correctly configured connector:

      Field

      Value

      ORB Name

      visibroker

      ORB Class Name

      coldfusion.runtime.corba.VisibrokerConnector

      Classpath

      (none)

      ORB Property File

      C:\ColdFusion2016\lib\vbjorb.properties

      The ORB Property File points to a Java properties file that contains the correct ORB settings for Visibroker. The contents of the vbjorb.properties file look like the following:

      org.omg.CORBA.ORBSingletonClass=com.inprise.vbroker.orb.ORB
      SVCnameroot=namingroot

    4. When you finish editing the page, click Submit. The CORBA Connectors page appears.
    5. Select the radio button to the left of your new CORBA connector and click Select ORB Connector. This sets the new connector to be the default.
  4. Prepare your CORBA server side, as follows:
    1. Start your Visibroker osagent service or process, if it is not already running, by entering the following command:

      osagent

      Note: If you must connect to an osagent in another subnetwork, include the following lines in the vbjorb.properties file:

      vbroker.agent.port=<port>

    2. Start the Interface Repository and load it with the IDL file that you plan to use, by entering an irepcommand, as in the following example:

      irep myir MyIDLFile.idl

    3. (Optional) Start the Naming Service by entering a command like the following:

      nameserv namingroot

      Note: The name of the Naming Service (namingroot in the previous example) must match the value for SVCnameroot in the vbjorb.properties file.

    4. Start Visibroker on your CORBA server.For more information, see the Borland Visibroker documentation.
  5. Restart ColdFusion for your changes to take effect.
    For more information, see Managing ColdFusion services in Windows and Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX.
    You can now make CORBA invocations from ColdFusion. For more information about integrating CORBA objects into ColdFusion, see the Developing ColdFusion Applications guide.

Disabling Remote Development Services

If you use Adobe Dreamweaver, Macromedia HomeSite, Adobe Flash Builder, or Eclipse to develop your applications, you can access a remote ColdFusion server using HTTP. However, you must configure Remote Development Services (RDS) in your integrated development environment (IDE), and RDS must be enabled in ColdFusion. Using RDS, IDE users can securely access remote files and data sources, build SQL queries from these data sources, and debug CFML code.

Note: The ColdFusion Report Builder uses RDS for the Query Builder and for charting support.

However, for security reasons, Adobe recommends that you disable RDS on a production server. To disable it, disable the RDSServlet mapping.

Disable the RDSServlet mapping

  1. Back up the web.xml file. This file is in the cf_root\cfusion\wwwroot\WEB-INF directory in Windows and in the _cf_root/_cfusion/wwwroot/WEB-INF directory in UNIX.
  2. Open the original web.xml file for editing.
  3. Comment out the RDSServlet mapping, as the following example shows:

    <servlet id="coldfusion_servlet_8789">
    <servlet-name>RDSServlet</servlet-name>
    <display-name>RDS Servlet</display-name>
    <servlet-class>coldfusion.bootstrap.BootstrapServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param id="InitParam_113401311165856789">
    <param-name>servlet.class</param-name>
    <param-value>coldfusion.rds.RdsFrontEndServlet</param-value>
    </init-param>
    </servlet>
    -->

     

  4. Save the file.
  5. Restart ColdFusion.RDS is disabled on the ColdFusion server.
    For more information, see Managing ColdFusion services in Windows, or Managing the ColdFusion process in UNIX.

Disabling JSP functionality (server configuration only)

ColdFusion Enterprise Edition provides support for JavaServer Pages (JSP) technology through the underlying J2EE application server on which it runs. Because JSP code runs outside the realm of the ColdFusion security framework and, therefore, is not subject to ColdFusion sandbox security, you do not typically deploy JSPs in a shared, hosted environment where more than one customer shares a single server.

Disable JSP functionality

  1. Open cf_root/cfusion/runtime/conf/web.xml in a text editor.
  2. Find the servlet-mapping entry for JspLicenseServlet.
  3. Comment out this entry, as the following example shows:

    <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>jsp</servlet-name>
    <url-pattern>*.jsp</url-pattern>
    -->

     

  4. Save and close the file.
  5. Restart ColdFusion.

Changing the ColdFusion user account in Windows

The ColdFusion services, by default, run under the highly privileged system accounts. For an extra level of security, Adobe recommends that you create a Windows user under which you run the services and only give necessary privileges to run the web application (for example, folder permissions for the web root.)

Change the ColdFusion user account

  1. Open the Services Control Panel. (For example, select Start > Settings > Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services.)
  2. Right-click ColdFusion 2016 Application Server, and select Properties. The ColdFusion 2016 Application Server Properties (Local Computer) dialog box appears.
  3. On the Log On tab, select This account, and enter the account information.
  4. Click OK.
    In the Services control panel, right-click ColdFusion 2016 Application Server, and select Restart.

    Note: Do not rename your Windows Administrator account. This causes problems with security policies and profiles.

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