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剪裁遮色片

  1. Photoshop Elements User Guide
  2. Introduction to Photoshop Elements
    1. What's new in Photoshop Elements
    2. System requirements | Photoshop Elements
    3. Workspace basics
    4. Guided mode
    5. Making photo projects
  3. Workspace and environment
    1. Get to know the Home screen
    2. Workspace basics
    3. Tools
    4. Panels and bins
    5. Open files
    6. Rulers, grids, and guides
    7. Enhanced Quick Mode
    8. File information
    9. Presets and libraries
    10. Multitouch support
    11. Scratch disks, plug‑ins, and application updates
    12. Undo, redo, and cancel actions
    13. Viewing images
    14. Using Windows 7 features
  4. Fixing and enhancing photos
    1. Resize images
    2. Cropping
    3. Process camera raw image files
    4. Add blur, replace colors, and clone image areas
    5. Adjust shadows and light
    6. Retouch and correct photos
    7. Sharpen photos
    8. Transforming
    9. Auto Smart Tone
    10. Recomposing
    11. Using actions to process photos
    12. Photomerge Compose
    13. Create a panorama
  5. Adding shapes and text
    1. Add text
    2. Edit text
    3. Create shapes
    4. Editing shapes
    5. Painting overview
    6. Painting tools
    7. Set up brushes
    8. Patterns
    9. Fills and strokes
    10. Gradients
    11. Work with Asian type
  6. Guided edits, effects, and filters
    1. Guided mode
    2. Filters
    3. Guided mode Photomerge edits
    4. Guided mode Basic edits
    5. Adjustment filters
    6. Effects
    7. Guided mode Fun edits
    8. Guided mode Special edits
    9. Artistic filters
    10. Guided mode Color edits
    11. Guided mode Black & White edits
    12. Blur filters
    13. Brush Stroke filters
    14. Distort filters
    15. Other filters
    16. Noise filters
    17. Render filters
    18. Sketch filters
    19. Stylize filters
    20. Texture filters
  7. Working with colors
    1. Understanding color
    2. Set up color management
    3. Color and tonal correction basics
    4. Choose colors
    5. Adjust color, saturation, and hue
    6. Fix color casts
    7. Using image modes and color tables
    8. Color and camera raw
  8. Working with selections
    1. Make selections in Photoshop Elements
    2. Saving selections
    3. Modifying selections
    4. Move and copy selections
    5. Edit and refine selections
    6. Smooth selection edges with anti-aliasing and feathering
  9. Working with layers
    1. Create layers
    2. Edit layers
    3. Copy and arrange layers
    4. Adjustment and fill layers
    5. Clipping masks
    6. Layer masks
    7. Layer styles
    8. Opacity and blending modes
  10. Creating photo projects
    1. Project basics
    2. Making photo projects
    3. Editing photo projects
  11. Saving, printing, and sharing photos
    1. Save images
    2. Printing photos
    3. Share photos online
    4. Optimizing images
    5. Optimizing images for the JPEG format
    6. Dithering in web images
    7. Guided Edits - Share panel
    8. Previewing web images
    9. Use transparency and mattes
    10. Optimizing images for the GIF or PNG-8 format
    11. Optimizing images for the PNG-24 format
  12. Keyboard shortcuts
    1. Keys for selecting tools
    2. Keys for selecting and moving objects
    3. Keys for the Layers panel
    4. Keys for showing or hiding panels (expert mode)
    5. Keys for painting and brushes
    6. Keys for using text
    7. Keys for the Liquify filter
    8. Keys for transforming selections
    9. Keys for the Color Swatches panel
    10. Keys for the Camera Raw dialog box
    11. Keys for the Filter Gallery
    12. Keys for using blending modes
    13. Keys for viewing images (expertmode)

關於圖層剪裁遮色片

剪裁遮色片是遮色片所套用到的圖層群組。最底部的圖層 (即基本圖層) 會定義整個群組的可見邊界。例如,假設在基本圖層中有形狀,在其上方的圖層中有相片,且在最上層圖層中有文字。如果相片與文字僅透過基本圖層中的形狀外框顯示,則相片與文字也會具有基本圖層的不透明度。

您可以只將連續的圖層歸在同組。群組中的基本圖層名稱會加上底線,上面圖層的縮圖則會縮排。此外,上層圖層還會顯示剪裁遮色片圖示。

註解:

您可以連結剪裁遮色片中的圖層,以便讓這些圖層同時移動。

剪裁遮色片底部圖層中的形狀決定上方相片圖層哪個區域會穿透顯示。

建立剪裁遮色片

  1. 執行下列其中一項作業:
    • 按住 Alt 鍵 (在 Mac OS 中為 Option 鍵),將指標放在「圖層」面板中分割兩個圖層的直線上 (指標會變成兩個重疊的圓形),然後按一下。

    • 在「圖層」面板中,選取您要歸組之圖層配對的頂端圖層,然後選擇「圖層 > 建立剪裁遮色片」。

  2. 當利用現有圖層以及您即將建立的圖層製作剪裁遮色片時,請先在「圖層」面板中選取現有圖層。然後,從「圖層」選單或「圖層」面板的「更多」選單中選擇「新增圖層」。在「新增圖層」對話框中,選取「使用上一個圖層建立剪裁遮色片」,然後按一下「確定」。

    剪裁遮色片中的圖層擁有群組中最底部基本圖層的不透明度與模式屬性。

    註解:

    若要更改剪裁遮色片相對於影像中其他圖層的堆疊順序,請選取群組中的所有圖層。然後,在「圖層」面板中向上或向下拖移群組的基本圖層。(在未選取群組中所有圖層的情況下即拖移一個圖層,會將該圖層從群組中移除。)

從剪裁遮色片中移除圖層

從基本圖層上方的圖層解散基本圖層的群組,可解散剪裁遮色片中所有圖層的群組。

  1. 執行下列其中一項作業:
    • 按住 Alt 鍵 (在 Mac OS 中為 Option 鍵),將指標放在「圖層」面板中分割兩個群組圖層的直線上 (指標會變成兩個重疊的圓形),然後按一下。

    • 在「圖層」面板中,選取剪裁遮色片中的圖層,並選擇「圖層> 解除剪裁遮色片」。這個指令會從剪裁遮色片中移除選取的圖層和位於它上方的任何圖層。

    • 在「圖層」面板中,選取群組中除基本圖層以外的任何圖層。將圖層拖移到基本圖層下方,或拖移到影像中兩個解散群組的圖層之間。

解除剪裁遮色片

  1. 在「圖層」面板中,選取剪裁遮色片中除基本圖層以外的任何圖層。
  2. 選擇「圖層 > 解除剪裁遮色片」。
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