You can edit or paint on individual video frames to create an animation, add content, or to remove unwanted details. In addition to using any brush tool, you can paint using the Clone Stamp, Pattern Stamp, Healing Brush, or Spot Healing Brush. You can also edit video frames using the Patch tool.
Paint frames in video layers
Painting (or using any other tool) on video frames is often called rotoscoping; although traditionally, rotoscoping involves the frame‑by‑frame tracing of live action images for use in animation.
Painting on a video layer is nondestructive. To discard the altered pixels on a specific frame or video layer, choose the Restore Frame or Restore All Frames command. To toggle on and off the visibility of altered video layers, choose the Hide Altered Video command (or click the eyeball next to the altered video track in the timeline).
Cloning content in video and animation frames
In Photoshop Extended CS5 or Photoshop CS6, you can use the Clone Stamp and Healing Brush tools to retouch or duplicate objects in video or animation frames. Use the Clone Stamp to sample content from one part of a frame (the source) and paint it over another part of the same or different frame (the target). You can also use a separate document as the sampling source, instead of a frame. The Healing Brush includes options for blending the sampled content with the target frame.
You can also clone content with the Spot Healing Brush and the Patch tools. However, the Clone Stamp and the Healing Brush tools let you store up to five samples in the Clone Source panel, and set overlay, scaling, and frame offset options.
After you sample content from a frame and paint with it, and then move to another frame, the source frame changes relative to the frame you initially sampled from. You can lock in the source frame you first sampled, or enter a frame offset value to change the source to a different frame, relative to the frame you first sampled.
For a video on cloning frames, see www.adobe.com/go/vid0025.
To scale or rotate the source that you’re cloning, enter a value for W (width) or H (height), or the rotation in degrees .
To show an overlay of the source that you’re cloning, select Show Overlay and specify the overlay options. (The Clipped option restricts the overlay to the brush size. Deselect this option to overlay the entire source image).
To move the source overlay to an offset position, Shift + Alt-drag (Windows) or Shift + Option-drag (Mac OS). To temporarily show overlays, deselect Show Overlay, and press Shift + Alt (Windows) or Shift + Option (Mac OS).
To always paint using the same frame you initially sampled from, select Lock Frame.
To paint using a frame relative to the frame you initially sampled from, enter the number of frames in the Frame Offset box. If the frame you want to use is after the frame you initially sampled, enter a positive value. If the frame you want to use is before the frame you initially sampled, enter a negative value.
Restore frames in video layers
Managing color in video layers
In Photoshop Extended CS5 and Photoshop CS6, you can paint on video layers using tools such as the brush tool or the clone stamp tool. If no color profile is assigned to the video layer, these pixel edits are stored using the document file’s color space, and the video footage itself is left unchanged. If the color space of the imported footage is different from the color space of your Photoshop document, you may need to make adjustments. For example, a standard definition video movie may be in SDTV 601 NTSC, while the Photoshop document is in Adobe RGB. Your final exported video or document might not have the colors you expect due to the color space mismatch.
Before investing a lot of time painting or editing video layers, test your complete workflow to understand your color management needs and find the approach that works best for your workflow.
Often, you can solve a mismatch by assigning a color profile to the document that corresponds to the imported footage, and leaving the video layer unmanaged. For example, with standard definition video, you can leave the video layer unmanaged and assign the document the SDTV (Rec. 601 NTSC) color profile. In this case, the imported frame pixels are stored directly in the video layer without color conversion.
Conversely, you can assign the document’s color profile to the video layer using the Convert Edited Frame Content option (Layers > Video Layers > Interpret Footage). This option converts the pixel edits to the document’s color space, but does not convert the colors of the video frames.
The Convert To Profile command (Edit > Convert To Profile) also converts all pixel edits to the document’s color space. However, using the Assign Profile command (Edit > Assign Profile) does not convert the pixel edits to a video layer. Use the Assign Profile command with care, especially when you’ve painted on or edited video frames. If the video layer has a color profile, applying the Assign Profile command to the document may cause a color space mismatch between the pixel edits and the imported frames.
Some combinations of video footage and document color spaces require color conversion: