Specify curly or straight quotes
Typographer’s quotes, often called curly quotes or smart quotes, blend in with the curves of the font. Typographer’s quotes are traditionally used for quotation marks and apostrophes. Straight quotes are traditionally used as abbreviations for feet and inches.
Apply anti-aliasing to a type layer
Anti-aliasing produces smooth-edged type by partially filling the edge pixels. As a result, the edges of the type blend into the background.
When creating type for display on the web, consider that anti-aliasing greatly increases the number of colors in the original image. This limits your ability to reduce the number of colors in the image and thus to reduce the size of the image file. Anti-aliasing may also cause stray colors to appear along the edges of the type. When reducing file size and limiting the number of colors are most important, it may be preferable to avoid anti-aliasing, despite the jagged edges. Also, consider using larger type than you would use for print. Larger type is easier to view on the web and gives you more freedom in deciding whether to apply anti-aliasing.
When you use anti-aliasing, type may be rendered inconsistently at small sizes and low resolutions (such as the resolution used for web graphics). To reduce this inconsistency, deselect the Fractional Width option in the Character panel menu.
Check and correct spelling
When you check the spelling in a document, Photoshop questions any words that aren’t in its dictionary. If a questioned word is spelled correctly, you can confirm its spelling by adding the word to your personal dictionary. If a questioned word is misspelled, you can correct it.
Corrects a misspelling. Make sure that the correctly spelled word is in the Change To text box and click Change. If the suggested word is not the word you want, select a different word in the Suggestions text box or enter the correct word in the Change To text box.
Corrects all instances of the misspelling in the document. Make sure the correctly spelled word is in the Change To text box.
Find and replace text
Select the layer containing the text you want to find and replace. Place the insertion point at the beginning of the text you want to search.
Select a nontype layer if you have more than one type layer and you want to search all layers in the document.
In the Layers panel, make sure the type layers you want to search are visible and unlocked. The Find And Replace Text command does not check spelling in hidden or locked layers.
Search All Layers
Searches all layers in a document. This option is available when a nontype layer is selected in the Layers panel.
Searches forward from an insertion point in the text. Deselect this option to search all the text in a layer, regardless of where the insertion point is placed.
Searches for a word or words that exactly match the case of the text in the Find What text box. For example, with the Case Sensitive option selected, a search for “PrePress” does not find “Prepress” or “PREPRESS.”
Assign a language for text
Photoshop uses language dictionaries to check hyphenation. Language dictionaries are also used to check spelling. Each dictionary contains hundreds of thousands of words with standard syllable breaks. You can assign a language to an entire document or apply a language to selected text.
A. “Cactophiles” in English USA B. “Cactophiles” in English UK C. “Cactophiles” in French
To enter text using a specific language dictionary, choose the dictionary from the pop‑up menu in the bottom left corner of the Character panel. Then enter the text.
To change the dictionary of existing text, select the text and choose the dictionary from the pop‑up menu in the bottom left corner of the Character panel.
- In the Character panel, choose the appropriate dictionary from the pop‑up menu in the bottom left corner of the panel.
If you select text with multiple languages or if the type layer has multiple languages, the pop‑up menu in the Character panel will be dimmed and it will display the word “Multiple.”
Scaling and rotating type
You can specify the proportion between the height and width of the type, relative to the original width and height of the characters. Unscaled characters have a value of 100%. Some type families include a true expanded font, which is designed with a larger horizontal spread than the plain type style. Scaling distorts the type, so it is generally preferable to use a font that is designed as condensed or expanded, if one is available.
When working with vertical type, you can rotate the direction of characters by 90°. Rotated characters appear upright; unrotated characters appear sideways (perpendicular to the type line).
- Choose Standard Vertical Roman Alignment from the Character panel menu. A check mark indicates that the option is selected.
You cannot rotate double‑byte characters (full‑width characters available only in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean fonts). Any double‑byte characters in the selected range will not be rotated.
Change the orientation of a type layer
The orientation of a type layer determines the direction of type lines in relation to the document window (for point type) or the bounding box (for paragraph type). When a type layer is vertical, the type flows up and down; when a type layer is horizontal, the type flows from left to right. Don’t confuse the orientation of a type layer with the direction of characters in a type line.
Rasterize type layers
Some commands and tools—such as filter effects and painting tools—are not available for type layers. You must rasterize the type before applying the command or using the tool. Rasterizing converts the type layer into a normal layer and makes its contents uneditable as text. A warning message appears if you choose a command or tool that requires a rasterized layer. Some warning messages provide an OK button you can click to rasterize the layer.